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【經文資訊】藏外佛教文獻 第七冊 No. 63《淨度三昧經》
W07n0063_p0262a01║
W07n0063_p0262a02║淨度三昧經卷第二
W07n0063_p0262a03║
W07n0063_p0262a04║  屏沙王白佛言:「何謂為八王日者,當何以知
W07n0063_p0262a05║之?」
W07n0063_p0262a06║  佛告王:「八王日者,諸天、帝釋、參佐鎮臣
W07n0063_p0262a07║三十二人、四鎮大王、司命、司錄、五羅大王、
W07n0063_p0262a08║八王使者,盡出四布覆行,持四王十五日、三十日
W07n0063_p0262a09║所奏文書,案校地方人民、八夷鬼神、飛鳥、走
W07n0063_p0262a10║狩、立行善惡,知與文書同不。地獄王亦遣輔臣、
W07n0063_p0262a11║小王、都錄、監司、廷尉、郵公、伏夜將軍、五帝
W07n0063_p0262a12║使者,同日同時俱出,承天竹使符,統攝眾生,禁
W07n0063_p0262a13║檢非法,捕惡賞善。有罪即效,重犯者即收神錄
W07n0063_p0262a14║命。福多者移書,關下天上、地獄,增壽益算,
W07n0063_p0262a15║除死定生。一歲八出,故謂八王日。
W07n0063_p0262a16║  「欲知日者,立春、春分、立夏、夏至、立秋、
W07n0063_p0262a17║秋分、立冬、冬至,此日最急。歲終事畢,考課結
W07n0063_p0262a18║定罪福,決死定生為急。終到立冬屬春。立冬、冬
W07n0063_p0262a19║至是為八王日。前一日夜半竟後一日夜半,是其時
W07n0063_p0263a01║也。重犯者謂從前齋八王日犯過。福彊有救,安隱
W07n0063_p0263a02║無他。天帝、將軍、鎮王、使者、司命、主者,
W07n0063_p0263a03║用福故,原貰過之。到後齋王日復犯。是為重犯
W07n0063_p0263a04║者。」
W07n0063_p0263a05║  王白佛言:「何等為五官者?」
W07n0063_p0263a06║  佛告王曰:「五官者亦大分治黎庶。天上五
W07n0063_p0263a07║官主賞善。地獄中亦有五官,與主五道。大鬼神
W07n0063_p0263a08║王收捕罪人。
W07n0063_p0263a09║  「六事罪屬五官。一者行五逆罪,二者行十
W07n0063_p0263a10║惡,三者不行五戒,四者不敬三尊,五者不畏天
W07n0063_p0263a11║禁。何謂五官。一者仙官主禁殺。二者水官主
W07n0063_p0263a12║禁盜。三者鐵官主禁婬。四者土官主禁兩舌。五
W07n0063_p0264a01║者天官主禁飲酒。犯罪屬地獄。五官呼名,各自有
W07n0063_p0264a02║時。好殺無慈,心口行惡,為仙官所錄。命在
W07n0063_p0264a03║春。好盜貪求無厭劫人,為水官所錄。命在冬。好
W07n0063_p0264a04║婬欲,為鐵官所錄。婬鬼食其不淨,並飲心血。病
W07n0063_p0264a05║在心肝腎頭目。命在秋。好酒醉亂,仁義不行,
W07n0063_p0264a06║禮教廢,為天官所錄。命在夏。好妄言、兩
W07n0063_p0264a07║舌、惡口、傳舌讒人、誹謗聖道,為土官所錄。命
W07n0063_p0264a08║在季月。五官主人根,人根從五事生,故有五官。
W07n0063_p0264a09║乃自然之王也。五官及輔臣、小王、都錄、監司、
W07n0063_p0264a10║廷尉、郵公、伏夜將軍、五帝使者,收捕罪人錄
W07n0063_p0264a11║命收神。死者不同。皆依本罪,故令不同。」
W07n0063_p0264a12║  屏沙王白佛言:「流沙俗人,本所不知,本
W07n0063_p0264a13║所不曉,肉眼濁翳,不見天神、鬼王,監伺來
W07n0063_p0265a01║時,云何避之?」
W07n0063_p0265a02║  佛言:「欲避天神、鬼王,以救大難者,則為
W07n0063_p0265a03║欲求無量安穩無極之福。諦聽思念,內著心
W07n0063_p0265a04║中,莫忘莫失。」
W07n0063_p0265a05║  王及大眾皆言:「受教!一心奉持。」
W07n0063_p0265a06║  佛言:「未得道者持五戒。上至具戒人,
W07n0063_p0265a07║名曰戒眼。貪著吾我,不見聖諦。貪求益得,走
W07n0063_p0265a08║作思慮,東西南北,四出治生。更相欺中,婬蕩無
W07n0063_p0265a09║度,殺生可口,酒亂無禮,不奉聖化,不畏禁
W07n0063_p0265a10║忌,行來至趣,放心恣意。從其所欲,可足諸
W07n0063_p0265a11║情。心亂如蘊,不覺行入三苦。自許以道,死後
W07n0063_p0265a12║受殃,悔無所及。今得自在,欲求何道,隨心得
W07n0063_p0266a01║之。求大得大,求小得小。三乘之寶藏,譬如海
W07n0063_p0266a02║水,取者便得。三塗之災,亦復如是。六藏俱然。
W07n0063_p0266a03║三善三惡,俱無吏將守也,求者便得。作罪得
W07n0063_p0266a04║罪,作福得福,求道得道,自作自得。以心為
W07n0063_p0266a05║本,身為行首,審諦求道。不欲與三惡道從事,不
W07n0063_p0266a06║欲為地獄惡鬼所錄,欲削除地獄名籍者,當追明
W07n0063_p0266a07║師,從受五戒,具足奉行。九齋、八王之日,守
W07n0063_p0266a08║持十事,立志令堅。何謂為十。一者齋日當詣佛
W07n0063_p0266a09║寺,燒香散花,繞塔禮拜三尊,種道根栽。二者
W07n0063_p0266a10║當從師受齋,如法持之,隨師教令。三者堅持五
W07n0063_p0266a11║戒。四者專心念道。五者閈諸情欲。六者念佛、
W07n0063_p0266a12║念慧、念師恩重。七者不得念妻子、居家、財寶。
W07n0063_p0266a13║一不得念,持心如真人。八者不得妄行來。九者深
W07n0063_p0266a14║自責本罪。十者不得念一切人惡。當施立功德本,
W07n0063_p0266a15║消滅殃罪。是為十事。
W07n0063_p0266a16║  「九齋日者,先前一日,當自嚴設,斷絕因
W07n0063_p0267a01║緣,男女別坐,飲食香潔。至其齋日,令得清淨,
W07n0063_p0267a02║齋戒完具。八王日者,當先前一日,男女異處,
W07n0063_p0267a03║守持十法,齋竟後一日夜半。所以爾者,諸天、帝
W07n0063_p0267a04║釋、四鎮、輔臣、司命、使者,當下覆伺。灶君
W07n0063_p0267a05║在人左右肩上,有左右契。左神男,右神女。男
W07n0063_p0267a06║神疏善,女神記惡。先前一日夜半,盡共上天,
W07n0063_p0267a07║校定罪福。各自求功,諍了罪福,毛分不錯。諸
W07n0063_p0267a08║天亦自有歲盡,簿書分明。灶君左右契重。復持
W07n0063_p0267a09║九齋所記,校四王所結,知為同不。校事三日,
W07n0063_p0267a10║決死定生。罰謫了定,事諾聽還。罪數多者,
W07n0063_p0267a11║滅壽奪算,條名剋死。歲月日時,關下地獄。地
W07n0063_p0268a01║獄承書,即遣獄鬼,持名錄召。鬼無慈心,死日未
W07n0063_p0268a02║到,鬼隨不遠推排,強使作惡,欲速其命。或五
W07n0063_p0268a03║年,或三年,一年,半歲,百日,一月,十日,
W07n0063_p0268a04║三日,一日。罪惡之人,為鬼所使,妄作非法,稍
W07n0063_p0268a05║近死地,命日促盡。其福多者,增壽益算,天遣
W07n0063_p0268a06║善神營護其身,條名關移地獄,拔除罪名,除死定
W07n0063_p0268a07║生。後得上天,為諸天所尊,生天地獄,各有迎
W07n0063_p0268a08║人。人病欲死時,眼自見來迎者。應生天上者,
W07n0063_p0268a09║天人持天衣、伎樂來迎之。應生他方者,眼見尊
W07n0063_p0268a10║人為說妙言。應墮地獄者,眼見兵士持刀楯、矛
W07n0063_p0268a11║戟、鐵索圍繞之。所見不同,口不能言。各隨行
W07n0063_p0268a12║所作,得其果報。罪輕微者榜擿之,謫者錄神受
W07n0063_p0268a13║罰,其人即病。各有日數、輕重不同,所繫官亦不
W07n0063_p0268a14║同。隨行所屬,天無枉濫,平直無二。隨其所
W07n0063_p0269a01║作,天網治之。」
W07n0063_p0269a02║  屏沙王白佛言:「流沙受何罪徒謫,形竟何
W07n0063_p0269a03║時?繫在何官?願示所在、罪過輕重、竟不
W07n0063_p0269a04║竟。」
W07n0063_p0269a05║  佛告王:「流沙所犯過,無花實,唯有根莖
W07n0063_p0269a06║節。罪從心生,意惡嫉妒,毒心施人,意惡懷
W07n0063_p0269a07║毒。天上所屬星,被對下人,即病。星者天之光,
W07n0063_p0269a08║人之精。精神被問,繫在土官,受謫千七百九十
W07n0063_p0269a09║日,罪乃竟。」
W07n0063_p0269a10║  屏沙王白佛言:「我見人,日日犯惡,強健
W07n0063_p0269a11║無病者何?天神豈不知邪?犯大過亦無死者,犯
W07n0063_p0269a12║小過亦無受病謫者,復有守善,死亡不利,疾病
W07n0063_p0269a13║縱橫,更相注瀆,善惡不分。孩兒無過,復有病
W07n0063_p0270a01║者、死者。何因復爾?願釋所疑,令知本罪。」
W07n0063_p0270a02║  佛告王曰:「所問大善。善思念之。當為一切
W07n0063_p0270a03║解釋愚癡,令得開解。」
W07n0063_p0270a04║  佛言:「三界顛倒,甚難了理。非阿羅漢、辟
W07n0063_p0270a05║支佛之所能知。人根深遠,受形無數。或尊或卑,
W07n0063_p0270a06║或貴或賤。或父為子,或子為父,或母為女,或女
W07n0063_p0270a07║為母,或母為婦,或婦為母,或兄為父,或父為
W07n0063_p0270a08║兄,或姊為母,或母為姊,或姊為婦,或婦為姊,
W07n0063_p0270a09║或弟為父兄,或父兄為弟。或師為弟子,或弟子為
W07n0063_p0270a10║師,或師為父,或弟子為子。或君為子,或子為
W07n0063_p0270a11║君,或君為臣,或臣為君,或父為君,或君為父,
W07n0063_p0270a12║或父為臣。或母姊為君婦,或君婦為母姊,或己婦
W07n0063_p0270a13║為君婦,或君婦為己婦。或兄為君、弟為臣,或弟
W07n0063_p0270a14║為君、兄為臣,或師為君,或弟子為臣,或太父為
W07n0063_p0270a15║君父,或師為太父,或弟子孫子臣為太父。或怨家
W07n0063_p0270a16║為子,或為父兄,或怨家為兄弟,或怨家為父母,
W07n0063_p0270a17║或怨家為婦及姊妹,或怨家為君為臣,或怨家為伯
W07n0063_p0270a18║叔,或為外家內親,或怨家為奴婢僮僕,或怨家為
W07n0063_p0270a19║朋友親厚知識,或怨家為將主,或部民,或怨家為
W07n0063_p0270a20║鄰里。或父殺子,或子殺父,或兄殺弟,或弟殺
W07n0063_p0270a21║兄,或母殺子,或子殺母,或夫殺婦,或婦殺夫,
W07n0063_p0270a22║或姑殺婦,或婦殺姑,或母殺女,或女殺母。或君
W07n0063_p0270a23║殺臣,或臣殺君,或奴婢殺大夫,或大夫殺奴婢,
W07n0063_p0271a01║或奴婢殺大家,或大家殺奴婢。或祖父母殺孫子,
W07n0063_p0271a02║或孫子殺祖父母,或師殺弟子,或弟子殺師。或父
W07n0063_p0271a03║食子肉,或子食父肉,或兄食弟肉,或弟食兄肉,
W07n0063_p0271a04║或母食子肉,或子食母肉,或夫食婦肉,或婦食夫
W07n0063_p0271a05║肉,或君食臣肉,或臣食君肉,或師食弟子肉,或
W07n0063_p0271a06║弟子食師肉,或婦食弟肉,或弟食婦肉,或怨家相
W07n0063_p0271a07║食肉,或大夫食奴婢肉,或奴婢食大夫肉。如是顛
W07n0063_p0271a08║倒。或奴婢為父母兄弟,或父母兄弟為奴婢,或伯
W07n0063_p0271a09║叔為奴婢,或奴婢為伯叔,或奴婢為君將主,或君
W07n0063_p0271a10║將主為奴婢。或父母為牛馬驢騾雁膚豬羊犬,或兄
W07n0063_p0271a11║弟為牛馬豬羊犬,或為驢騾雁馱,或子為雁馬驢騾
W07n0063_p0271a12║牛羊豬犬。
W07n0063_p0271a13║  「人在生死海顛倒。或高或下,或尊或卑,或貴
W07n0063_p0271a14║或賤,或親或疏。幡覆顛倒,更相茹食、乘騎,無
W07n0063_p0271a15║有上下。宿命相讎嫉,更相殺害,共相食噉。因為
W07n0063_p0271a16║怨結,或在鬼神中,來相殺害;或天上來,為民主
W07n0063_p0271a17║識宿命;或在龍、阿須倫中識宿命;或在地獄中識
W07n0063_p0271a18║宿命;共相遭逢。對有大小,德行各有厚薄,德有
W07n0063_p0271a19║勝貧。宿對惡責,適相遭逢,惡心自起,便欲相
W07n0063_p0271a20║殺,以報宿怨。雖受天身,十結未解,得對便起。
W07n0063_p0271a21║宿命福強,今雖行惡,宿福退救,不逢苦厄。未遭
W07n0063_p0272a01║宿怨,其罪未熟。至其熟時,自受其殃。貞良現
W07n0063_p0272a02║禍,以宿福薄,為故世罪所追,遭逢宿怨。對至不
W07n0063_p0272a03║救,其福未熟。至其德熟,自受其福。殃福自追,
W07n0063_p0272a04║如形影逐人,都無與者。作是得是,自作自得,不
W07n0063_p0272a05║作是即無對,亦無所得。一切皆由因緣生。孩兒
W07n0063_p0272a06║無過,而有病者、死亡者,當知是人宿命。故世魚
W07n0063_p0272a07║獵、探撈、破卵、殺生眾多。故得短命,過生而
W07n0063_p0272a08║去。
W07n0063_p0272a09║  「一切罪福,命之長短,苦樂憂喜,皆由種生,
W07n0063_p0272a10║獲其類報。種福得福,種罪得罪,種長命得長命,
W07n0063_p0272a11║種短命得短命,種好得好,種醜得醜。如人種麥得
W07n0063_p0272a12║麥,種粟得粟,種麻得麻。隨其本種,生其類報。
W07n0063_p0272a13║人之種行,亦復如是。王不足疑也。
W07n0063_p0272a14║  「持一戒完者,一天令五神護之,持五戒具
W07n0063_p0272a15║者,令二十五神營救門戶。上至六天,凡有百五十
W07n0063_p0272a16║神,番代擁護,不令衰耗。」
W07n0063_p0272a17║  諸天歡喜皆言:「善哉。當共護之。」
W07n0063_p0273a01║  「如是持戒完具者,十方現在諸佛皆稱歡。是
W07n0063_p0273a02║善男子善女人臨壽終時,佛皆分身往迎之,不使墮
W07n0063_p0273a03║惡道。若戒羸者,當益作福德:布施、持戒、忍
W07n0063_p0273a04║辱、精進、一心、智慧,燃燈、燒香、散花、禮
W07n0063_p0273a05║拜。益持齋戒,亦復得度。戒不完者,諸天善神
W07n0063_p0273a06║稍遠離之。犯一戒者,二十五神去之;犯五戒
W07n0063_p0273a07║者,百五十神盡棄離遠之。惡鬼稍嬈近,因衰病
W07n0063_p0273a08║之,耗亂其家。遂致衰喪不利,財物不聚,所向不
W07n0063_p0273a09║偶,死入地獄。雖戒完具,不持九齋,如六畜不
W07n0063_p0273a10║生乳,樹無果實,婦不生子,種穀不滋,治生無
W07n0063_p0273a11║利,折耗失本。作吏無衣幘,使者無傳,寧有
W07n0063_p0273a12║信用者不?不持齋者,如人裸身,無有四時衣。
W07n0063_p0274a01║如人裸形無衣,寧可用入眾貴人中不也?」
W07n0063_p0274a02║  王曰:「不可也。」
W07n0063_p0274a03║  佛言:「弟子不持齋,齋不如法,無清淨
W07n0063_p0274a04║福。戒裸無護,為無輔助,如人孤獨,無有臣
W07n0063_p0274a05║子。裸形無衣,露居無舍,必有恐畏。
W07n0063_p0274a06║  「不持齋,有五事勤苦。何謂五事苦也?一者恒
W07n0063_p0274a07║生穢濁處。二者所生之處雖得人身,難與三尊會。
W07n0063_p0274a08║三者更生信道難。四者更生求師難得。五者世世求
W07n0063_p0274a09║道難得定。是為五事苦。復有五事苦。一者恒生多
W07n0063_p0274a10║事處。二者生多驚怖處。三者生五從殘處。四者
W07n0063_p0274a11║恒生劇苦地。五者生邊地無福之處。是為五事苦。
W07n0063_p0274a12║合為十苦劇也。
W07n0063_p0274a13║  「復有五事自侵欺。一者不用佛教。二者不用師
W07n0063_p0274a14║教。三者言我持齋,不從師、明經道士受齋。四
W07n0063_p0274a15║者不受法化。五者持齋不完。為自侵欺,亡失大
W07n0063_p0274a16║福。復有五事,亡失大福。何謂為五?一者恒生愚
W07n0063_p0274a17║家。二者難得出家。三者所生貧匱家。四者不得
W07n0063_p0274a18║昇入道場。五者頑愚難化。是為五事。
W07n0063_p0275a01║  「復有五事難。何謂為五?一者生中國難。二者
W07n0063_p0275a02║生貴人家難。三者求作沙門難。四者求智慧難。五
W07n0063_p0275a03║者求解脫難。復有五事難。何謂為五?一者生佛前
W07n0063_p0275a04║難。二者求安隱難。三者求三昧定難。四者斷絕生
W07n0063_p0275a05║死難。五者求清淨難。復有五事難。何謂為五?一
W07n0063_p0275a06║者若後罪畢得為人主,安國難。二者若後為天,度
W07n0063_p0275a07║人難。三者除罪難。四者求六度難。五者解十結離
W07n0063_p0275a08║著難。是為五難。
W07n0063_p0275a09║  「不持齋者,有是三十五難,難得度脫。」
W07n0063_p0275a10║  佛言:「末世時人,作佛弟子,為世事所逼,
W07n0063_p0275a11║役荷民窮,衣食不充,熱惱自隨,不得從心。所
W07n0063_p0275a12║願不成,皆宿命不持齋,不精進,懈慢不從師教
W07n0063_p0275a13║令。或持齋,或不持齋,或有布施,或不布施,有
W07n0063_p0275a14║無多少,各隨所作德本,受其殃福。或在他方清淨
W07n0063_p0275a15║佛國,不行清淨,漏行所致,福不還生天,罪不應
W07n0063_p0275a16║墮地獄,.謫來生閻浮提續人種,令不斷絕。或從
W07n0063_p0276a01║天上來生閻浮提,或從人道中來生,或從三惡道
W07n0063_p0276a02║中罪畢,得生為人。五道中生死交符,更相換代,
W07n0063_p0276a03║晝夜往來,日日不絕,譬如天雨,以續人種,故不
W07n0063_p0276a04║斷絕。皆由宿命齋戒不如法,謫來生是家。衰末
W07n0063_p0276a05║五燒,毒燃濁世,受是十苦之惱、十自侵欺之
W07n0063_p0276a06║患,墮十五綴礙之難。迴流三界,十二輪轉生死不
W07n0063_p0276a07║絕,受苦無竟。但坐宿命不奉大人重訓,棄正行邪
W07n0063_p0276a08║故,受是三十五苦惱,不得度脫。」
W07n0063_p0276a09║  無盡意菩薩白佛言:「世尊每授人戒,並持
W07n0063_p0276a10║九齋。皆言盡形壽。今復教弟子齋日,更受齋法,
W07n0063_p0276a11║何因得爾?經法至重,如是為慢法弟子耶?」
W07n0063_p0276a12║  佛告無盡意菩薩:「佛授人戒,欲度脫。居
W07n0063_p0276a13║家修道,當持五戒行。歲三齋除三毒,月六齋制六
W07n0063_p0276a14║賊,九齋除九惱,滅九思,愈九病,閈絕十二惡
W07n0063_p0276a15║道,開十二門,令至泥洹。士女持齋戒,常令究
W07n0063_p0276a16║竟,盡畢形壽。然弟子受戒以後,故有欲著,經營
W07n0063_p0277a01║居家。畜養妻子,縣官之緣,奴婢,債主役使,衣
W07n0063_p0277a02║食之求,販賣治生,墾地種殖,殺生萌類。貪求無
W07n0063_p0277a03║厭,放心恣意。三毒猛盛,六神各逐所欲,心垢積
W07n0063_p0277a04║厚。垢穢之罪引人入冥室,受苦無竟。已聞道門,
W07n0063_p0277a05║當令閉塞三塗八難之處,令得至泥洹清淨無為。猶
W07n0063_p0277a06║如長者有大寬堂舍,以圈牛馬羊豬,滿中作糞。節
W07n0063_p0277a07║日已逼,貴客當來。無餘坐堂,不及除掃。即以沙
W07n0063_p0277a08║土而覆糞上,喚客前坐。主人設好美食,種種香美
W07n0063_p0277a09║食客。至暮時,客還去。主人續圈牛馬豬羊,屎尿
W07n0063_p0277a10║滿圈。上至七日,雜畜眾多,屎尿以厚。有遠方貴
W07n0063_p0277a11║客來,不及除糞。如前以沙土覆上,復用過客。遭
W07n0063_p0277a12║年六中,凡百二日,過客百日過,蘊圂糞各有百二
W07n0063_p0277a13║重。弟子齋日不從師、明經道士受齋,便言我已見
W07n0063_p0277a14║經,曉解齋法了了。自於舍持齋,專精勤進,念道
W07n0063_p0277a15║不懈,清淨無欲,已滅穢念,持心如真人而無瑕
W07n0063_p0277a16║垢。譬如長者,以好沙土覆糞屎尿上。善男子善女
W07n0063_p0277a17║人,受佛五戒、十戒為尊者子,當令如法。人身譬
W07n0063_p0277a18║如大堂舍,馬牛豬羊譬如外五欲之利,糞譬如惡念
W07n0063_p0277a19║也。至自持齋清淨者,如土覆糞上。用不從師受,
W07n0063_p0277a20║自淨齋日,自言我曉齋法,因自持齋,如法奉行清
W07n0063_p0277a21║淨齋日。猶如沙土覆屎尿不淨。罪福相累,重數分
W07n0063_p0277a22║明。後當受罪福之報,一一不失。一念受一身,善
W07n0063_p0277a23║念受天上、人中身,惡念受三惡道身。百念受百
W07n0063_p0277a24║身,千念受千身。一日一夜種生死根,後當受八億
W07n0063_p0278a01║五千萬雜類之身。百歲之中,種後世栽,甚為難
W07n0063_p0278a02║數。魂神遂種受形,遍三千大千剎土中,地間無有
W07n0063_p0278a03║空地。於是佛愍念十方,哀傷弟子迴流沒溺,沈沒
W07n0063_p0278a04║愛海,生死苦惱。故設法橋,化度無福,令得解
W07n0063_p0278a05║脫。弟子心迷習俗,勞垢日生。佛以三淵法水,洗
W07n0063_p0278a06║治弟子六衰之垢,令得解脫。前齋日已過,七日之
W07n0063_p0278a07║中罪垢復生,重復齋福。罪垢未厚,復到後齋。大
W07n0063_p0278a08║慈愍傷,開法惠水,洗去欲垢,令得清淨。猶如除
W07n0063_p0278a09║糞到本淨地,香潔可居。弟子齋日,恭肅清淨,驚
W07n0063_p0278a10║怖監司,畏懼神明。齋日當棄家居緣務,就詣塔
W07n0063_p0278a11║寺,禮拜三尊,從師受三自歸、八關齋,於廟堂如
W07n0063_p0278a12║法持之,猶如除糞到淨地。齋過後,男女更相染
W07n0063_p0278a13║汙,到後齋悔過、三自歸,思惟前齋,七日、或五
W07n0063_p0278a14║日,其間所施行身口意,凡犯幾過。至心懇懇,首
W07n0063_p0278a15║過三尊,慎無覆藏著恥。須臾之間而不自首過,後
W07n0063_p0278a16║長受痛,無竟已時。悔過、首罪,更受三自歸,受
W07n0063_p0278a17║清淨齋。齋福相接,間無罪垢,清淨得度。」
W07n0063_p0278a18║  無盡意菩薩白佛言:「世尊慈恩,愍念弟子,
W07n0063_p0278a19║劇如慈母念其赤子。子不念母育養之恩,弟子亦復
W07n0063_p0278a20║如是。」
W07n0063_p0278a21║  佛言:「如是如是。但用愚癡無黠故。」
W07n0063_p0278a22║  佛說是時,八百比丘漏盡意解,三百菩薩入淨
W07n0063_p0278a23║光三昧,三萬天人發無上正真道意,三萬二千清信
W07n0063_p0279a01║士,萬二千八百清信女皆見道跡,千億天人皆遠塵
W07n0063_p0279a02║離垢,三十億凡士、二十億凡女悉得法眼,前受五
W07n0063_p0279a03║戒,莫不歡喜。作禮皆言:「幸賴得聞清淨妙法,
W07n0063_p0279a04║以救生死,制斷三流,四瀆,澆滅三毒之熾火,蕩
W07n0063_p0279a05║滌六情之垢,漸近清淨,守齋無為,漸近泥洹。」
W07n0063_p0279a06║  無盡意菩薩白佛言:「善男子善女人,受佛五
W07n0063_p0279a07║戒、十戒,得為尊者子。應在尊者坐次不耶?」
W07n0063_p0279a08║  佛言:「若善男子善女人,受佛十戒、五戒,
W07n0063_p0279a09║得為尊者子。居家臭穢,不得共尊者、比丘同床席
W07n0063_p0279a10║坐,應當別坐。尊者、比丘坐復尊過於國王、太
W07n0063_p0279a11║子、長者之坐。皆有大尊天神衛侍左右。白衣不應
W07n0063_p0279a12║共坐。正使出家持十戒作沙彌,亦不應共坐起、飲
W07n0063_p0279a13║食。正使具戒大沙門,犯戒,心不清淨,尚不應共
W07n0063_p0279a14║坐。何況白衣持五戒、十戒者。亦不應與白衣凡人
W07n0063_p0279a15║共坐起,汙尊者子。殺生、婬盜、兩舌、醉亂、無
W07n0063_p0279a16║禮無義,屠兒偷僧物,不當往來交易借貸。與之薩
W07n0063_p0279a17║瀆,虧損道行,共相汙染,引人入地獄門,自作留
W07n0063_p0279a18║難,墮隧惡道。為人證任,繫綴三界,不得時度。
W07n0063_p0279a19║愁苦憂惱,痛不可言。
W07n0063_p0279a20║  「如人與盜賊為友,其賊有罪,王收捕著獄,五
W07n0063_p0279a21║毒治之。獄吏問賊:『卿與誰為友?具說意狀。』
W07n0063_p0279a22║囚言:『我與某長者為友。』即便聞王,王即下
W07n0063_p0279a23║外部錄召長者。長者來到。王便問曰:『聞卿好
W07n0063_p0280a01║人,貴人之種,何不自愛,擇善人為友,反與不肖
W07n0063_p0280a02║惡人為友?今日為此死罪囚所引。卿復作囚,云
W07n0063_p0280a03║何?』長者白王言:『此囚亦好人君子,與我中外
W07n0063_p0280a04║兄弟,或言婚親士大夫。邂逅遇事耳。』王言:『此無
W07n0063_p0280a05║罪人,與同罪者,亦當死。卿欲云何?』長者對
W07n0063_p0280a06║曰:『實自不知。雖與囚為友,實不見不知。願王
W07n0063_p0280a07║聖心採察明。某口口守善,未曾犯惡。某有為佛弟
W07n0063_p0280a08║子。』王言:『卿為智人,何不教令禁檢?縱而置
W07n0063_p0280a09║之,卿為已共,同心作賊。坐與為友,或教之,或
W07n0063_p0280a10║為作方便。卿雖不能禁止者,何不遠避之?且往詣
W07n0063_p0280a11║獄。罪人若不怨卿,辭不及卿者,放卿使去。』
W07n0063_p0280a12║  「弟子與凡人凶愚無戒行者、犯戒者共相交往,
W07n0063_p0280a13║後為俗人所引,入地獄。地獄主問弟子:『卿為佛
W07n0063_p0280a14║弟子,何不持佛經戒,教卿知識、鄰里、朋友、親
W07n0063_p0280a15║族?卿為智人,縱而置之,無有慈心,不念眾生。
W07n0063_p0280a16║今此罪人引卿云:何不教我?我愚癡不曉佛道。謂
W07n0063_p0280a17║死生不屬佛,謂天云為大,死生屬天,不知有地
W07n0063_p0280a18║獄。不教我,不度我如是。罪人怨亂云:卿無慈
W07n0063_p0280a19║心,不相念度。卿促人為罪。卿不能教度者。何不
W07n0063_p0280a20║遠避之?』弟子對曰:『我謂但自持戒,守善為
W07n0063_p0280a21║佳。德行不高,實不能度。人又不用我言。願王原
W07n0063_p0281a01║救,除我過罪。我是佛弟子,尊者子也。』」
W07n0063_p0281a02║  佛言:「清信士女,當自慎護,令清淨。慎
W07n0063_p0281a03║無與凡人為友、為侶,引人入地獄中也。」
W07n0063_p0281a04║  無蓋慈菩薩白佛言:「凡夫士女,前世持佛五
W07n0063_p0281a05║戒,今得人身,依道而生。貧富貴賤,好醜長短,
W07n0063_p0281a06║苦樂不同,安危事異。或有復還信佛者、不信者。
W07n0063_p0281a07║其意云何?願釋所疑,當令大眾而得開解。」
W07n0063_p0281a08║  佛言:「善哉善哉。憂念人民乃爾。」
W07n0063_p0281a09║  佛告無蓋慈菩薩:「人有六事,得生富貴家。
W07n0063_p0281a10║何等為六?一者用善師教。二者喜布施。三者持九
W07n0063_p0281a11║齋、五戒不犯。四者行忍辱。五者一切行恭敬。六
W07n0063_p0281a12║者孝事二親,禮拜三尊。是為六事。生豪富家復有
W07n0063_p0281a13║十事。生則知道,信佛、三尊。一者立願。二者精
W07n0063_p0281a14║進持九齋不廢。三者不行八邪業。四者不使巫師
W07n0063_p0281a15║卜問解除。五者不祠天求福。六者不事外道,不稱
W07n0063_p0281a16║歎外道。七者不為邪業。八者不為蠱道。九者不行
W07n0063_p0281a17║幻術。十者不與夷人從事。是為十事。行恒生中
W07n0063_p0281a18║國,便能信佛、三尊,後世昇天福堂,累劫無患。
W07n0063_p0281a19║人不能奉行此十事者,生墮邊方八難處、貧賤家。
W07n0063_p0281a20║又不信道,或不值佛世,常在冥室,陷墮六川,累
W07n0063_p0281a21║劫不出。」
W07n0063_p0281a22║  無蓋慈菩薩白佛言:「持五戒,行布施,得生
W07n0063_p0282a01║富貴家,當得老壽。復有少死者何?」
W07n0063_p0282a02║  佛言:「殺生作施,雖富不壽。」
W07n0063_p0282a03║  無蓋慈菩薩白佛言:「貧富癡黠不別。富而癡
W07n0063_p0282a04║者,貧而黠者,長短不同,好醜亦爾。其意云
W07n0063_p0282a05║何?」
W07n0063_p0282a06║  佛言:「皆由宿命作人時,修行所致,種德不
W07n0063_p0282a07║同。故布施不行忍辱,不喜聞經,後世富且愚。持
W07n0063_p0282a08║戒、讀經、行忍辱,不布施,後世聰明、黠慧、辯
W07n0063_p0282a09║才、多智、端正且貧。長短不同者。好喜廣學,廣
W07n0063_p0282a10║智慧,廣教人起立迎人,後世得好身形,智慧中
W07n0063_p0282a11║王。不能廣智慧,有慧乍欲語人,乍不欲語人,起
W07n0063_p0282a12║立迎人,短且愚。人之種行隨本種,自得其報。」
W07n0063_p0282a13║  說是語時,二千萬比丘漏盡意解,十萬菩薩皆
W07n0063_p0282a14║得信忍,四十萬天人皆入六度三昧定,四方菩薩、
W07n0063_p0282a15║弟子、行者、諸天、人民不可計數。從四方稍來,
W07n0063_p0282a16║滿八十里廣縱間無空地,聞佛說經,莫不歡喜。三
W07n0063_p0282a17║十萬清信士、七萬清信女皆得六慧智度無極,八千
W07n0063_p0282a18║比丘尼皆得柔順忍,二十億天人發無上正真道意,
W07n0063_p0282a19║百萬鬼神、龍、阿須倫、乾沓和、閱叉等皆發無上
W07n0063_p0282a20║正真道意,地獄王官屬千億重發無上正真道意,願
W07n0063_p0282a21║畢形壽,得作沙門,奉行清化,福度眾生。
W07n0063_p0282a22║  爾時法意菩薩下坐,長跪叉手白佛言:「多陀
W07n0063_p0282a23║阿竭為如本無法,隨法度,無人民。」
W07n0063_p0282a24║  佛告法意菩薩:「多陀阿竭不見本無法,亦不
W07n0063_p0282a25║見隨法度者,亦不見有三界,亦不見有諸天人民,
W07n0063_p0283a01║亦不見有人,亦不見無人,亦不見生,亦不見滅,
W07n0063_p0283a02║亦不見度,亦不見度者,亦不見吾我,亦不見五
W07n0063_p0283a03║陰、六衰,亦不見身心意識,亦不見地水火風空,
W07n0063_p0283a04║亦不見四大合時,亦不見不合時,亦不見色痛癢思
W07n0063_p0283a05║想生死識,亦不見諸法來時,亦不見諸法去時,亦
W07n0063_p0283a06║不見色痛癢思想生死識本,亦不見地水火風本、無
W07n0063_p0283a07║有本。」
W07n0063_p0283a08║  說是三昧時,八萬菩薩皆得阿惟顏,如本無無
W07n0063_p0283a09║所有。七萬菩薩得不退轉,二十萬比丘逮得無所從
W07n0063_p0283a10║生法忍,百萬天人得不起法忍,五百清信士得淨意
W07n0063_p0283a11║解脫三昧,七千萬清信士下髮作沙門,皆得信忍,
W07n0063_p0283a12║十億凡士、三十萬凡女皆發無上正真道意,前受五
W07n0063_p0283a13║戒,八百龍王皆發無上正真道意。
W07n0063_p0283a14║  爾時大忍菩薩白佛言:「多陀阿竭以大慈哀念
W07n0063_p0283a15║十方諸天人民,法雨三界,潤澤群黎,莫不得過度
W07n0063_p0283a16║者。多陀阿竭用意淨故,所說清淨,言辭清淨,如
W07n0063_p0283a17║法清淨。忍者無猗,空無處所,心無端底。忍大勤
W07n0063_p0283a18║勞,忍伏諸情,忍大生死,以無蓋慈救眾人病,令
W07n0063_p0283a19║一切諸天、帝釋、梵忍天、勝英、天子、國王、臣
W07n0063_p0283a20║民、龍、鬼神莫不忍,棄諸欲態惡。忍本淨根,根
W07n0063_p0283a21║生莖節,莖節轉生花實。生花實,復還本無無所
W07n0063_p0283a22║有,忍守根門。以法化導,令入泥洹」
W07n0063_p0283a23║  佛告大忍菩薩:「一切大聖皆行大忍,自致成
W07n0063_p0283a24║本無。如來化導眾生,忍不視色,眼則清淨;忍不
W07n0063_p0283a25║受聲,耳則清淨;忍不受香,鼻則清淨;忍不受
W07n0063_p0284a01║味,口則清淨;忍不求細滑,身則清淨;忍不多
W07n0063_p0284a02║念,則心清淨;忍不思想,則意清淨。忍不分別上
W07n0063_p0284a03║中下、好惡,識別萬物為作名字,心無所著,意無
W07n0063_p0284a04║所想,識無所別,則為識清淨。外六事本清淨,內
W07n0063_p0284a05║六事本清淨。外六事為泥洹,內六事為身本。外六
W07n0063_p0284a06║入內,內六喜樂受之。受之者為不淨,故使隧三
W07n0063_p0284a07║塗。譬如婬[女*失]女人,雖不行求男子,視外如貞,內
W07n0063_p0284a08║常思念。有男子從遠方來,寄宿外堂。夜人定靜,
W07n0063_p0284a09║時彼失聲,不在遠方。男子因往,親近主人婦。婦
W07n0063_p0284a10║人得男子,心中獨喜,因留三日。外六、內六更相
W07n0063_p0284a11║婬汙,諸情各受所習。婬婦女習愛男子,留三日
W07n0063_p0284a12║者,謂心意識婬著情。外六為男子,內六為婦人。
W07n0063_p0284a13║留者謂外六事與心意識共相可入。因種生死,婬於
W07n0063_p0284a14║六欲,種罪根本。菩薩常行大忍,不婬六欲,內外
W07n0063_p0284a15║清淨,如本無清淨。心意識清淨無瑕穢,自致得佛
W07n0063_p0284a16║道。」
W07n0063_p0284a17║  解脫菩薩白佛言:「諸法無著無縛無脫。色無
W07n0063_p0284a18║著無縛無脫,色之自然故。痛癢思想生死識本無,
W07n0063_p0284a19║無著無縛無脫。何以故?本淨故。地水火風本無,
W07n0063_p0284a20║無著無縛無脫,本淨故。吾我本無,無著無縛無
W07n0063_p0284a21║脫。身心意識四事本空,無著無縛無脫。何以故?
W07n0063_p0284a22║因沒溺四瀆水流,漏入三苦,不得解脫。」
W07n0063_p0284a23║  佛言:「善哉善哉。解脫菩薩,如汝所說無有
W07n0063_p0284a24║異。皆佛威神之所致。諸法如本無,無著無縛無
W07n0063_p0284a25║脫。色痛癢思想生死識如本無,無著無縛無脫。地
W07n0063_p0284a26║水火風如本無,無著無縛無脫。薩云若如本無,無
W07n0063_p0285a01║著無縛無脫。多陀阿竭如本無無說經,無著無縛無
W07n0063_p0285a02║脫。佛心與眾生心等無有異。多陀阿竭本在凡夫。
W07n0063_p0285a03║時心如凡夫,心無有異。亦六欲所溺,迴流三界,
W07n0063_p0285a04║隨四顛倒,受形無數。更生更死,或男或女,或尊
W07n0063_p0285a05║或卑,或貴或賤,受身周遍三千大千國土。持針刺
W07n0063_p0285a06║地,皆中我故身。後見寶蓮花如來、至真、等正
W07n0063_p0285a07║覺、明行成為、善逝、世間解、無上士、道法御、
W07n0063_p0285a08║天人師、號佛世尊。住世二十中劫時,佛為諸天人
W07n0063_p0285a09║民說六度大法。我時儒童,往而觀之,聞佛所說,
W07n0063_p0285a10║心開意解,前受五戒、三自歸命,持九齋,不失教
W07n0063_p0285a11║法,行之不廢,功積致佛。」
W07n0063_p0285a12║  佛言:「欲求道遠離罪門者,當奉佛經戒,追
W07n0063_p0285a13║事明師,給事所須。當隨師教,數數講論。三潤之
W07n0063_p0285a14║法水洗心垢穢,心淨得度。一切眾生擾擾,但諍咽
W07n0063_p0285a15║喉不急之事,萬罪還自纏繞。或相害傷,忿怒成
W07n0063_p0285a16║仇,皆由貪生,競諍利欲。群迷雷同,不識道義。
W07n0063_p0285a17║老死日加,常與罪對。溺于五陰、六衰、侵漏三
W07n0063_p0285a18║苦,受罪無竟。是身如聚骨,連鎖支柱,筋束而
W07n0063_p0285a19║立。內盛臭處,外強文[飢-几+芳]。身如畫瓶,外以五彩[飢-几+芳]
W07n0063_p0285a20║之,內盛膿血、屎尿不淨。愚者保之,長處生
W07n0063_p0285a21║死,不得解脫。苦劇終身,囚繫在於牢獄,無有出
W07n0063_p0286a01║期。眾生樂於生死,自沈五江,沒於三瀾,無有出
W07n0063_p0286a02║期。但坐隨六情,逐世榮名,噓天雅步,尊身重
W07n0063_p0286a03║名,虛偽無信。眾態在內,如鐵生垢,自消其形,
W07n0063_p0286a04║都不覺知。人為六情所消,消滅人形,死不復生。
W07n0063_p0286a05║諦觀如是,當行布施,以戒神水澆除五陰之垢。建
W07n0063_p0286a06║志求生,除死滅憂,關閉獄戶,斷絕苦本,便得泥
W07n0063_p0286a07║洹。故心之自然,棄除五陰、六衰,解脫無有憂
W07n0063_p0286a08║苦。」
W07n0063_p0286a09║  淨度白佛言:「阿耨多羅三藐三菩提、阿惟三
W07n0063_p0286a10║佛,用一切眾苦故,愍念眾生永處七痛,變惶累
W07n0063_p0286a11║劫,無有終竟。故演尊妙經典之要,等度一切三
W07n0063_p0286a12║界群生,莫不解脫,安至泥洹。心空意淨,六情
W07n0063_p0286a13║澄清,澹然不起。蕩除三界,三塗盡度,地獄虛
W07n0063_p0286a14║空,莫不歡喜。逮入道門,無不獲安,此彼無
W07n0063_p0286a15║二,等度一切。德尊巍巍,恩蓋天地。尊極無
W07n0063_p0287a01║過佛者。」
W07n0063_p0287a02║  佛告淨度及四部眾:「各各明聽。吾當說之。
W07n0063_p0287a03║一切諸天、人民、鬼神、龍、阿須倫、閱叉、乾沓
W07n0063_p0287a04║和等,受佛重戒,治心穢病,求度世道者,持五
W07n0063_p0287a05║戒,上至五百戒,為入律弟子。能與諸情諍者,乃
W07n0063_p0287a06║為信順道化,審諦畏罪。志欲求道者,勤持律行。
W07n0063_p0287a07║畏順縣官,奉上敬下,如奴事大夫,朝廷肅清。以
W07n0063_p0287a08║智教愚,以黠教癡。愚癡者,當勤詣智黠者問受,
W07n0063_p0287a09║受則奉行,不得缺犯。若缺犯者,當尋聚眾,隨
W07n0063_p0287a10║實至誠首過,不得隱迴。有所畏難,居神著泥梨
W07n0063_p0287a11║中,後悔無益。若有知法律者,見人有過,不糾
W07n0063_p0287a12║舉治之,為與同罪。何以故?坐共同一處故
W07n0063_p0287a13║也。」
W07n0063_p0287a14║  淨度白佛言:「何謂為淨?何謂為不淨?何
W07n0063_p0287a15║者可同一處,何者不可共一處?」
W07n0063_p0288a01║  佛言:「人於生死地,持戒不犯如毛分者為
W07n0063_p0288a02║淨,犯戒者為不淨。淨者可共一處,不淨者不可共
W07n0063_p0288a03║一處。」
W07n0063_p0288a04║  淨度白佛言:「實爾!天中天。四部弟子,從
W07n0063_p0288a05║生死急難之地,持五戒求人道,持十戒求羅漠道,
W07n0063_p0288a06║持具戒求菩薩道。獨立甚難,持律立行。自可不
W07n0063_p0288a07║犯道禁,奈何禁他人?惡人犯戒,善人終不犯
W07n0063_p0288a08║戒。善人奈何正惡人?」
W07n0063_p0288a09║  佛言:「我法中不受大惡人。末世時,我弟
W07n0063_p0288a10║子不承至法,用名譽故,取求弟子,至令有惡人
W07n0063_p0288a11║耳。惡人犯戒,放逸傲慢,不畏禁戒者。持法律
W07n0063_p0288a12║者,案法治之。小過笞之一百,中過笞之二
W07n0063_p0289a01║百,福罰之。大過笞之三百,福罰之。不改、不
W07n0063_p0289a02║首過者,長擯棄之。」
W07n0063_p0289a03║  佛告四部眾:「不知法律者為未作沙門,為未
W07n0063_p0289a04║持戒,非佛弟子。已知法律,不當慢法。受人意
W07n0063_p0289a05║氣,縱人入罪,死後共入鐵城獄中。」
W07n0063_p0289a06║  淨度白佛言:「末世時人眾,不用法律。一
W07n0063_p0289a07║人之力那眾何?而伏之?」
W07n0063_p0289a08║  佛言:「能感佛恩,愍傷眾生,福度一切,令
W07n0063_p0289a09║得解脫者,大法欲危,沒命濟之。便以律戒,示天
W07n0063_p0289a10║子、國王,以正佛法。
W07n0063_p0289a11║  「不能爾者,為不行大慈,愛少棄多。且行忍
W07n0063_p0289a12║辱,出群愚之眾,獨處山澤、樹下、塚間,日慎
W07n0063_p0289a13║一日。結伴不良,不如獨行。獨善無憂,奚用伴
W07n0063_p0289a14║為?結友不固,久則成怨。今微相剋記,後成大
W07n0063_p0289a15║怨。天神所識,生生相值。智者避之,愚者近
W07n0063_p0290a01║之。延智曰明,延愚曰惑;習智成聖,習愚失行。
W07n0063_p0290a02║一世能正心,三世受吉祥;一世心不正,三
W07n0063_p0290a03║世受惱患。」
W07n0063_p0290a04║  淨度白佛言:「持法律沙門,當云何正居士,
W07n0063_p0290a05║戒耶?」
W07n0063_p0290a06║  佛言:「如父正子,如君正臣。不亦易耶?白
W07n0063_p0290a07║衣居士,不如法教者,亦當持法律度之。」
W07n0063_p0290a08║  淨度白佛言:「白衣居士,悉應用法律罰治
W07n0063_p0290a09║耶?」
W07n0063_p0290a10║  佛言:「四部之眾,盡用法律共相整頓,如長者
W07n0063_p0290a11║恒齎不死之藥。若飲食為病,若寒熱為病,若中風
W07n0063_p0290a12║為病,若鬼神所病,尋時服藥,病則除差,長存
W07n0063_p0290a13║不死。為佛弟子亦復如是。得持法律人,共相遭
W07n0063_p0290a14║值,如見佛不異。常以三時,督厲弟子,不令罪
W07n0063_p0290a15║生,如長者尋服不死之藥。良藥苦口以愈百病,苦
W07n0063_p0290a16║言逆耳以利身行,此之謂也。」
W07n0063_p0290a17║  淨度白佛言:「佛每教弟子常默不語,今復設
W07n0063_p0291a01║是教耶?」
W07n0063_p0291a02║  佛言:「弟子之法,求道之初常默。是法所以
W07n0063_p0291a03║持法律者,當語,用正眾人故耳。」
W07n0063_p0291a04║  淨度白佛言:「不語者則為善,語則為不善。
W07n0063_p0291a05║不善難居,善者易居。誰欲為不善乎?」
W07n0063_p0291a06║  佛言:「大慈人乃能持法律,憂念一切令度
W07n0063_p0291a07║脫,言如法語。如法者,是則為善;不偷、不諂、
W07n0063_p0291a08║不二意,是則為善;不囚懷,不失正,是則為善;
W07n0063_p0291a09║糾舉奸非,令眾度脫,是則為善。不謂默然。從而
W07n0063_p0291a10║入罪門者,為不善也。度人者為善,不度人者為不
W07n0063_p0291a11║善。捨小慈行大慈者為善。正真道教勸厲眾生令發
W07n0063_p0291a12║無上正真道意,是為最善。」
W07n0063_p0291a13║
W07n0063_p0291a14║淨度經卷第二
  數位典藏國家型科技計畫----「台北版電子佛典集成之研究與建構」
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