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【經文資訊】藏外佛教文獻 第五冊 No. 45《小誦》
W05n0045_p0035a01║
W05n0045_p0035a02║  小誦
W05n0045_p0035a03║    鄧殿臣 譯
W05n0045_p0035a04║  〔題解〕
W05n0045_p0035a05║  《小誦》是巴利三藏中經藏《小部尼伽耶》的第一經,其中包
W05n0045_p0035a06║括四文五經。四文即四種短小誦文:《三皈文》、《十戒文》、《三十
W05n0045_p0035a07║二身份》和《問沙彌文》,五經即五部短小經典,《吉祥經》、《寶
W05n0045_p0035a08║經》、《戶外經》、《伏藏經》和《慈悲經》。所有這些誦文短經原來
W05n0045_p0035a09║散在長部、大品、經集等其它三藏經典中,把它們摘選出來合編
W05n0045_p0035a10║為一部是為方便初出家或初習佛法者習誦之用。《小誦》中包含
W05n0045_p0035a11║了佛法最基本教義,意在指明沙彌修習佛法的主要內容。由於
W05n0045_p0035a12║此經既包含了基本教義,又言簡意賅、朗朗上口,因而在廣大信
W05n0045_p0035a13║眾中也廣為傳習,在南傳上座部佛教國家中,於普請、慶典、喪葬
W05n0045_p0035a14║等儀式中都要誦讀此經。五世紀的著名僧人佛音,曾認為小部
W05n0045_p0035a15║之名的由來得之於第一經《小誦》之名,但後來的學者多反對此
W05n0045_p0035a16║說,因為從《小誦》的性質可斷定它是較晚近的纂集,而小部的其
W05n0045_p0035a17║它經典的形成遠遠早於此經。本譯本依據斯里蘭卡國家佛教部
W05n0045_p0035a18║監製出版之僧伽羅文巴利三藏翻譯。
W05n0045_p0035a19║
W05n0045_p0035a20║  〔譯文〕
W05n0045_p0035a21║
W05n0045_p0035a22║  那牟.薄伽梵.阿羅漢.三藐三菩提
W05n0045_p0035a23║
W05n0045_p0035a24║   一、三皈文
W05n0045_p0035a25║ 我皈依佛。
W05n0045_p0036a01║ 我皈依法。
W05n0045_p0036a02║ 我皈依僧。
W05n0045_p0036a03║
W05n0045_p0036a04║ 再皈依佛。
W05n0045_p0036a05║ 再皈依法。
W05n0045_p0036a06║ 再皈依僧。
W05n0045_p0036a07║
W05n0045_p0036a08║ 三皈依佛。
W05n0045_p0036a09║ 三皈依法。
W05n0045_p0036a10║ 三皈依僧。
W05n0045_p0036a11║
W05n0045_p0036a12║   二、十戒文
W05n0045_p0036a13║ 我受持不殺生戒條。
W05n0045_p0036a14║ 我受持戒不與取戒條。
W05n0045_p0036a15║ 我受持不非梵行戒條。
W05n0045_p0036a16║ 我受持不妄語戒條。
W05n0045_p0036a17║ 我受持不飲酒戒條。
W05n0045_p0036a18║ 我受持不非時食戒條。
W05n0045_p0036a19║ 我受持不歌舞觀聽戒條。
W05n0045_p0036a20║ 我受持不塗飾香粉花鬘戒條。
W05n0045_p0036a21║ 我受持不坐臥高廣大床戒條。
W05n0045_p0036a22║ 我受持不受取金銀錢幣戒條。
W05n0045_p0036a23║
W05n0045_p0036a24║   三、三十二身份
W05n0045_p0036a25║  此身有髮、毛、爪、齒、皮、肉、筋、骨、髓、腎、心、肝、
W05n0045_p0037a01║肺、大腸、心肌、小腸、腸膜、腹中食、糞便、膽、痰、膿、血、
W05n0045_p0037a02║汗、脂、淚、油、唾液、鼻涕、關節液、尿、腦。
W05n0045_p0037a03║
W05n0045_p0037a04║   四、問沙彌文
W05n0045_p0037a05║  何云一?一切眾生依食而住命也。
W05n0045_p0037a06║  何云二?名、色之謂也。
W05n0045_p0037a07║  何云三?三受之謂也。
W05n0045_p0037a08║  何云四?四聖諦之謂也。
W05n0045_p0037a09║  何云五?五取蘊(色、受、想、行、識)之謂也。
W05n0045_p0037a10║  何云六?六處(眼、耳、鼻、舌、身、意)之謂也。
W05n0045_p0037a11║  何云七?七覺支(念、擇法、精進、喜、輕安、定、捨)
W05n0045_p0037a12║之謂也。
W05n0045_p0037a13║  何云八?八正道(正見、正思維、正語、正業、正命、
W05n0045_p0037a14║正精進、正念、正定)之謂也。
W05n0045_p0037a15║  何云九?九眾生居(人天、梵天、極光淨天、遍淨天、
W05n0045_p0037a16║無想天、四無色天)之謂也。
W05n0045_p0037a17║  何云十?十支具足阿羅漢之謂也(正見具足、正思
W05n0045_p0037a18║維具足、正語具足、正命具足、正業具足、正精進具足、正
W05n0045_p0037a19║念具足、正定具足、正智具足、正解脫具足)。
W05n0045_p0037a20║
W05n0045_p0037a21║   五、吉祥經
W05n0045_p0037a22║  如是我聞。一時,世尊在舍捨衛城祇陀林給孤獨園
W05n0045_p0037a23║住。時初夜已過,有一天神,殊勝光明,遍照園中,來至
W05n0045_p0038a01║佛所,恭敬禮拜,站立一旁,以偈問佛:
W05n0045_p0038a02║  1、眾人眾天神,渴望得吉祥,
W05n0045_p0038a03║    願求得幸福,恭請佛宣講。
W05n0045_p0038a04║
W05n0045_p0038a05║  佛即以偈答曰:
W05n0045_p0038a06║
W05n0045_p0038a07║  2、不與愚人交,唯與智者交;
W05n0045_p0038a08║    供養應供者,是為最吉祥。
W05n0045_p0038a09║
W05n0045_p0038a10║  3、居住適宜處,往昔有功德;
W05n0045_p0038a11║    置身於正法,是為最吉祥。
W05n0045_p0038a12║
W05n0045_p0038a13║  4、多聞精技藝,嚴持諸戒律;
W05n0045_p0038a14║    言語皆善美,是為最吉祥。
W05n0045_p0038a15║
W05n0045_p0038a16║  5、侍奉父母親,護養妻與子;
W05n0045_p0038a17║    職業甚正常,是為最吉祥。
W05n0045_p0038a18║
W05n0045_p0038a19║  6、佈施行正法,善待諸親眷;
W05n0045_p0038a20║    行為無過失,是為最吉祥。
W05n0045_p0038a21║
W05n0045_p0038a22║  7、遠離諸惡業,不飲諸酒類;
W05n0045_p0038a23║    於法不放逸,是為最吉祥。
W05n0045_p0038a24║
W05n0045_p0038a25║  8、恭敬而謙遜,知足亦知恩;
W05n0045_p0039a01║    及時聞教法,是為最吉祥。
W05n0045_p0039a02║
W05n0045_p0039a03║  9、忍耐而恭順,得見眾沙門;
W05n0045_p0039a04║    適時談佛法,是為最吉祥。
W05n0045_p0039a05║
W05n0045_p0039a06║  10、自製持梵行,知見於聖諦;
W05n0045_p0039a07║     實證涅槃法,是為最吉祥。
W05n0045_p0039a08║
W05n0045_p0039a09║  11、世法不動心,無憂無煩惱;
W05n0045_p0039a10║     清淨趨涅槃,是為最吉祥。
W05n0045_p0039a11║
W05n0045_p0039a12║  12、依此行持者,無往而不勝;
W05n0045_p0039a13║     處處可得福,是為最吉祥。
W05n0045_p0039a14║
W05n0045_p0039a15║   六、寶經
W05n0045_p0039a16║  1、天下非人諸鬼神,地上非人諸鬼神;
W05n0045_p0039a17║    聚集此處心喜悅,專心聽我宣法音。
W05n0045_p0039a18║
W05n0045_p0039a19║  2、人們常以飲食祭,不分晝夜甚誠意;
W05n0045_p0039a20║    對人應施慈與愛,精心護佑莫放逸。
W05n0045_p0039a21║
W05n0045_p0039a22║  3、世間天堂有珍寶,不比如來更高妙;
W05n0045_p0039a23║    依其真諦可得福,佛寶纔是最上寶。
W05n0045_p0039a24║
W05n0045_p0039a25║  4、釋迦牟尼持正念,無慾無垢布法妙;
W05n0045_p0040a01║    依此真諦可得福,法寶纔是最上寶。
W05n0045_p0040a02║
W05n0045_p0040a03║  5、佛陀宣說無間定,讚美清淨之聖道;
W05n0045_p0040a04║    依此真諦可得福,此寶纔是最上寶。
W05n0045_p0040a05║
W05n0045_p0040a06║  6、四雙八輩賢者頌,善逝弟子當應供;
W05n0045_p0040a07║    行此佈施功果大,僧寶就在僧團中。
W05n0045_p0040a08║    依此真諦可得福,最上之寶為是僧。
W05n0045_p0040a09║
W05n0045_p0040a10║  7、瞿曇教中持戒淨,心定垢除智慧生;
W05n0045_p0040a11║    趨向涅槃斷生死,羅漢果位已修成。
W05n0045_p0040a12║    依此真諦可得福,最上之寶為是僧。
W05n0045_p0040a13║
W05n0045_p0040a14║  8、因陀羅柱入地中,四面來風吹不動;
W05n0045_p0040a15║    賢者以智悟聖諦,如柱一樣甚堅定。
W05n0045_p0040a16║    依此真諦可得福,最上之寶為是僧。
W05n0045_p0040a17║
W05n0045_p0040a18║  9、大智佛陀宣聖諦,僧能領悟並發揮;
W05n0045_p0040a19║    該僧即使稍放逸,不會再有第八生。
W05n0045_p0040a20║    依此真諦可得福,最上之寶為是僧。
W05n0045_p0040a21║
W05n0045_p0040a22║  10、有僧摒棄「有身見」,以及疑惑邪戒行;
W05n0045_p0040a23║     脫離四種地獄苦,避免重大罪六種。
W05n0045_p0040a24║     依此真諦可得福,最上之寶為是僧。
W05n0045_p0040a25║
W05n0045_p0041a01║  11、僧得預流趨涅槃,或許仍可罪業犯;
W05n0045_p0041a02║     身口意中有過失,過錯確是不可瞞。
W05n0045_p0041a03║     依此真諦可得福,最上之寶為是僧。
W05n0045_p0041a04║
W05n0045_p0041a05║  12、為了指示涅槃道,佛陀講說高妙法;
W05n0045_p0041a06║     如同叢林逢初夏,樹頂開放新鮮花。
W05n0045_p0041a07║     依此真諦可得福,最上之寶是佛陀。
W05n0045_p0041a08║
W05n0045_p0041a09║  13、無上佛陀知涅槃,指示無上涅槃道;
W05n0045_p0041a10║     佛陀講說無上法,無上士者佛名號。
W05n0045_p0041a11║     依此真諦可得福,最上之寶是佛寶。
W05n0045_p0041a12║
W05n0045_p0041a13║  14、有僧夙業已消除,不戀來生斷新業;
W05n0045_p0041a14║     種子斷絕無再生,如同明燈將熄滅。
W05n0045_p0041a15║     依此真諦可得福,最上之寶是僧伽。
W05n0045_p0041a16║
W05n0045_p0041a17║  15、地上天下諸鬼神,現皆集聚在此地;
W05n0045_p0041a18║     如來佛陀天人供,我們向佛恭敬禮。
W05n0045_p0041a19║     願為一切眾生靈,祈求吉祥與如意。
W05n0045_p0041a20║
W05n0045_p0041a21║  16、地上天下諸鬼神,現皆集聚在此地;
W05n0045_p0041a22║     如來佛陀天人供,我們向法恭敬禮。
W05n0045_p0041a23║     願為一切眾生靈,祈求吉祥與如意。
W05n0045_p0041a24║
W05n0045_p0041a25║  17、地上天下諸鬼神,現皆集聚在此地;
W05n0045_p0042a01║     如來佛陀天人供,我們向僧恭敬禮。
W05n0045_p0042a02║     願為一切眾生靈,祈求吉祥與如意。
W05n0045_p0042a03║
W05n0045_p0042a04║  七、戶外經
W05n0045_p0042a05║  1、今有餓鬼眾,回到舊時宅;
W05n0045_p0042a06║    停於道路口,立於門戶外。
W05n0045_p0042a07║
W05n0045_p0042a08║  2、餓鬼因罪業,已被親人忘;
W05n0045_p0042a09║    飲食雖備足,餓鬼難得享。
W05n0045_p0042a10║
W05n0045_p0042a11║  3、餓鬼親友中,亦有慈悲人;
W05n0045_p0042a12║    淨好之飯食,適時施鬼親。
W05n0045_p0042a13║
W05n0045_p0042a14║  4、親友願鬼親,安好少禍災;
W05n0045_p0042a15║    餓鬼自各方,聚攏此處來。
W05n0045_p0042a16║
W05n0045_p0042a17║  5、餓鬼皆隨喜,祝親福壽高;
W05n0045_p0042a18║    親人所施食,亦有善果報。
W05n0045_p0042a19║
W05n0045_p0042a20║  6、鬼界無農畜,無商無金錢;
W05n0045_p0042a21║    餓鬼之所需,全靠世人獻。
W05n0045_p0042a22║
W05n0045_p0042a23║  7、諸親所施物,餓鬼能得益;
W05n0045_p0042a24║    猶如高處水,流向低窪地。
W05n0045_p0042a25║
W05n0045_p0043a01║  8、諸親所施物,餓鬼可滿足;
W05n0045_p0043a02║    猶如江河水,自向海洋注。
W05n0045_p0043a03║
W05n0045_p0043a04║  9、輒念去世人,曾助曾有賜;
W05n0045_p0043a05║    或曾為親友,現當行佈施。
W05n0045_p0043a06║
W05n0045_p0043a07║  10、哭泣和悲傷,於鬼並無益;
W05n0045_p0043a08║     餓鬼依然是,故地受苦淒。
W05n0045_p0043a09║
W05n0045_p0043a10║  11、若在僧團中,如此行佈施;
W05n0045_p0043a11║     利益眾餓鬼,長遠得護持。
W05n0045_p0043a12║
W05n0045_p0043a13║  12、親情既表現,餓鬼得施益;
W05n0045_p0043a14║     比丘亦得力,世人功德積。
W05n0045_p0043a15║
W05n0045_p0043a16║   八、伏藏經
W05n0045_p0043a17║  1、有人將財寶,埋於深穴中;
W05n0045_p0043a18║    以待需要時,於己有大用。
W05n0045_p0043a19║
W05n0045_p0043a20║  2、為避王之禍,並防賊寇搶;
W05n0045_p0043a21║    免借備饑荒,世人埋寶藏。
W05n0045_p0043a22║
W05n0045_p0043a23║  3、坑深近地水,寶藏慎埋入;
W05n0045_p0043a24║    雖非總如意,需時可取出。
W05n0045_p0043a25║
W05n0045_p0044a01║  4、藏處可移動,標記可忘記;
W05n0045_p0044a02║    龍可地下竊,鬼可取而去。
W05n0045_p0044a03║
W05n0045_p0044a04║  5、不肖繼承人,偷偷可挖取;
W05n0045_p0044a05║    福報完結時,一切皆失去。
W05n0045_p0044a06║
W05n0045_p0044a07║  6、設若男或女,佈施持戒律;
W05n0045_p0044a08║    勤修定與慧,四者為伏藏。
W05n0045_p0044a09║
W05n0045_p0044a10║  7、施僧敬他人,善待父與母;
W05n0045_p0044a11║    以及兄與妹,此德為藏伏。
W05n0045_p0044a12║
W05n0045_p0044a13║  8、此藏最牢固,他人難佔有;
W05n0045_p0044a14║    命終全拋開,此藏可帶走。
W05n0045_p0044a15║
W05n0045_p0044a16║  9、福德為伏藏,賊寇不能搶;
W05n0045_p0044a17║    智者積福德,永遠隨身旁。
W05n0045_p0044a18║
W05n0045_p0044a19║  10、如此福藏者,滿足天人需;
W05n0045_p0044a20║     所求之一切,皆可能給予。
W05n0045_p0044a21║
W05n0045_p0044a22║  11、色美聲音妙,身段相貌好;
W05n0045_p0044a23║     權大隨從眾,福藏可得到。
W05n0045_p0044a24║
W05n0045_p0044a25║  12、為侯為帝王,乃至轉輪王;
W05n0045_p0045a01║     天堂諸般樂,可得自伏藏。
W05n0045_p0045a02║
W05n0045_p0045a03║  13、人間之幸福,天堂之悅樂;
W05n0045_p0045a04║     涅槃之樂境,可自伏藏得。
W05n0045_p0045a05║
W05n0045_p0045a06║  14、修習禪觀者,可以得三明;
W05n0045_p0045a07║     乃至得解脫,福藏可使成。
W05n0045_p0045a08║
W05n0045_p0045a09║  15、無礙解解脫,聲聞波羅密;
W05n0045_p0045a10║     辟支佛佛地,福藏可給予。
W05n0045_p0045a11║
W05n0045_p0045a12║  16、福藏之功德,如此大無限;
W05n0045_p0045a13║     造福積德人,智者常讚歎。
W05n0045_p0045a14║
W05n0045_p0045a15║   九、慈悲經
W05n0045_p0045a16║  1、求涅槃寂靜,須徹底覺悟;
W05n0045_p0045a17║    應忠誠直率,且謙和馴服。
W05n0045_p0045a18║
W05n0045_p0045a19║  2、應知足常樂,且清閒簡樸;
W05n0045_p0045a20║    根基有智慧,不依仗家族。
W05n0045_p0045a21║
W05n0045_p0045a22║  3、小過亦不犯,不受賢者責;
W05n0045_p0045a23║    願眾生無懼,幸福而安樂。
W05n0045_p0045a24║
W05n0045_p0045a25║  4、懼者或安者,高胖體異樣;
W05n0045_p0046a01║    大小諸眾生,皆當得吉祥。
W05n0045_p0046a02║
W05n0045_p0046a03║  5、可見不可見,居處近或遠;
W05n0045_p0046a04║    已生和未生,均當得輕安。
W05n0045_p0046a05║
W05n0045_p0046a06║  6、不當互欺詐,互蔑互毀辱;
W05n0045_p0046a07║    不應互瞋恨,以免他人苦。
W05n0045_p0046a08║
W05n0045_p0046a09║  7、於一切眾生,應生無限慈;
W05n0045_p0046a10║    猶如親父母,捨身護獨子。
W05n0045_p0046a11║
W05n0045_p0046a12║  8、於上下左右,決不結仇恨;
W05n0045_p0046a13║    於世諸眾生,唯施慈悲心。
W05n0045_p0046a14║
W05n0045_p0046a15║  9、行住坐臥時,皆懷慈悲念;
W05n0045_p0046a16║    堪稱為梵住,精進無怠倦。
W05n0045_p0046a17║
W05n0045_p0046a18║  10、無有迷妄念,於物無貪愛;
W05n0045_p0046a19║     持戒有正見,自不再投胎。
W05n0045_p0046a20║
W05n0045_p0046a21║小誦經終
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