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【經文資訊】藏外佛教文獻 第四冊 No. 33《入菩薩行論廣解》
W04n0033_p0121a06║
W04n0033_p0121a07║入菩薩行論廣解卷六
W04n0033_p0121a08║
W04n0033_p0121a09║  庚三、學餘四波羅蜜之理。分四:
W04n0033_p0121a10║  辛一、學忍辱之理;辛二、學精進之理;辛三、學共不共止所
W04n0033_p0121a11║攝禪定之理;辛四、學觀之體性般若之理。初中分二:
W04n0033_p0121a12║  壬一、釋論文;壬二、出品名。初中分二:
W04n0033_p0121a13║  癸一、修對治;癸二、遮安住之障礙修忍辱於成就忍之方便
W04n0033_p0121a14║作意。初中分二:
W04n0033_p0121a15║  子一、思維瞋之過患;子二、思維忍之功德。初中分三:
W04n0033_p0121a16║  丑一、不見之過患;丑二、現見之過患;丑三、總明過患。初
W04n0033_p0121a17║中分二:
W04n0033_p0121a18║  寅一、瞋能斷善根;寅二、了知忍與睼之功過應勤修忍。今
W04n0033_p0121a19║初:
W04n0033_p0121a20║  百千劫中所積集,佈施妙供供如來,
W04n0033_p0121a21║  所有一切諸善行,一念瞋心能摧毀。
W04n0033_p0121a22║  能為諸善法生住之障者,悉是瞋恚,應觀其過患,精進防止。
W04n0033_p0121a23║百千劫中所積由佈施所生之善法及供養如來等供養三寶修行持
W04n0033_p0121a24║戒所生之妙行,由緣於菩薩起一念瞋心,悉能根本摧毀。不僅此
W04n0033_p0121a25║也,《集學論》引一切有部所誦律云:「比丘於佛髮爪塔以信心禮
W04n0033_p0121a26║拜,其身份所壓之處,直至金輪際有幾許微塵,即有能得千倍爾
W04n0033_p0121a27║許轉輪王之善根,如是善根,若傷同梵行者,即能摧毀。」言瞋恚
W04n0033_p0122a01║能斷百千劫所積之善根,所瞋之境須是菩薩也,《入中論》中亦作
W04n0033_p0122a02║如是說。《房舍犍度廣解》中說瞋恚能斷戒者,明許有力之瞋恚
W04n0033_p0122a03║能斷善根也。又復《分別熾然論》中說邪見及害心能斷善根,故
W04n0033_p0122a04║於瞋恚等應勵力防護也。
W04n0033_p0122a05║  寅二、了知忍與瞋之功過應勤修忍:
W04n0033_p0122a06║  重罪無如瞋恚罪,難行無如忍辱行,
W04n0033_p0122a07║  是故於此應慇勤,以多方便修忍辱。
W04n0033_p0122a08║  能為道障能斷善根之罪無如瞋恚,能摧煩惱熱惱之難行無
W04n0033_p0122a09║如忍辱,故應殷重修忍,以多種方便而修習之。
W04n0033_p0122a10║  丑二、現見之過患。分二:
W04n0033_p0122a11║  寅一、由瞋恚故身心無安樂;寅二、失壞親友。今初:
W04n0033_p0122a12║  若懷瞋恚逼惱心,心不寂靜不平等,
W04n0033_p0122a13║  不生歡喜及安樂,寢臥不安難入寐。
W04n0033_p0122a14║  能生猛烈苦故,若懷瞋恚逼惱之心,心即不能享受痛苦息滅
W04n0033_p0122a15║之歡喜,心不能得歡喜,身亦不能得安樂,不能入睡,心無休息之
W04n0033_p0122a16║境界也。
W04n0033_p0122a17║  寅二、喪失親友:
W04n0033_p0122a18║  利養恭敬施恩惠,縱令其人相親附,
W04n0033_p0122a19║  若使其人懷恚心,能令變叛相殺害,
W04n0033_p0122a20║  由瞋親知生憎厭,施恩攝受不相親。
W04n0033_p0122a21║  諸具瞋恚者,縱以名利施惠於人,撫養饒益,令人依附,於彼
W04n0033_p0122a22║具瞋之首領,亦有能變叛殺害之者。由瞋恚故令親友厭患,雖以
W04n0033_p0122a23║佈施攝受,亦不能令其歡喜依附,故應勵力斷除也。
W04n0033_p0122a24║  丑三、總明過患:
W04n0033_p0122a25║  總之人若有瞋心,終不能得安樂住,
W04n0033_p0122a26║  由瞋恚魔於其中,便能興起諸苦惱。
W04n0033_p0122a27║  總之若有瞋恚,決定無有能安樂住,故瞋恚賊,有前述諸過
W04n0033_p0123a01║患,是能生後來諸苦無上正因也。
W04n0033_p0123a02║  子二、思維忍之功德,
W04n0033_p0123a03║  若人謹慎伏瞋心,現生後世皆安樂。
W04n0033_p0123a04║  若有補特伽羅善思維瞋忿過患,謹慎降自瞋恚,定為其人現
W04n0033_p0123a05║生他世安樂之因。應勵力斷瞋,若不斷除,如《文殊遊戲經》說,
W04n0033_p0123a06║過患極大也。
W04n0033_p0123a07║  癸二、遮安住之障,修忍辱於成就忍之方便作意。分二:
W04n0033_p0123a08║  子一、遮止瞋恚之因;子二、修習忍辱功德。初中分四:
W04n0033_p0123a09║  丑一、因之體性及過患;丑二、誓於遮止瞋恚之方便致力;丑
W04n0033_p0123a10║三、正明遮止方便;丑四、於生瞋恚之因應勵力審觀斷除。今初:
W04n0033_p0123a11║  作所不欲遮所欲,瞋恚由斯二者生,
W04n0033_p0123a12║  心不愉悅如飲食,長養瞋心應摧伏。
W04n0033_p0123a13║  瞋恚生苦之相云何?謂於我及我所作,所不欲或障其所欲
W04n0033_p0123a14║成辦,由此而生心不適悅,便是增長瞋恚之食,若得心不適悅之
W04n0033_p0123a15║食,瞋恚身力便增長,無論如何應摧伏之。
W04n0033_p0123a16║  丑二、誓於遮止瞋恚之方便致力:
W04n0033_p0123a17║  是故我應於此敵,毀其糧秣令無餘,
W04n0033_p0123a18║  唯除如是為我害,此敵更無他事業。
W04n0033_p0123a19║  是故我之怨敵瞋恚之食糧,即心不適悅,應多方消毀之。瞋
W04n0033_p0123a20║恚怨敵,除與我為害外,不作他事,此是怨敵之首,應勵力摧毀
W04n0033_p0123a21║之。
W04n0033_p0123a22║  丑三、正明遮止方便。分二:
W04n0033_p0123a23║  寅一、不應心生不悅;寅二、明其故。今初:
W04n0033_p0123a24║  我今任為何因緣,不應動亂歡喜心,
W04n0033_p0123a25║  不樂所求仍不得,且令諸善皆失壞。
W04n0033_p0123a26║  若爾,心不愉悅如何防止耶?當善思維受苦之功德,無論如
W04n0033_p0123a27║何,我終不應動搖我之歡喜心。心歡喜者,即是心不安樂之對
W04n0033_p0124a01║治。遇任何不樂之事,雖於彼心不歡喜,所樂之事仍不能成辦,
W04n0033_p0124a02║且能與所樂果之善法悉皆失壞,諸苦悉能生起也。
W04n0033_p0124a03║  寅二、明其故:
W04n0033_p0124a04║  若求補救猶可及,此時何用不樂為,
W04n0033_p0124a05║  若於此事無補救,為之憂惱有何益。
W04n0033_p0124a06║  若於何事,心生不樂,於彼境中若有可補救,復何故不喜?
W04n0033_p0124a07║立即補救之,心便無不樂矣。若無可補救為之不喜,復有何利
W04n0033_p0124a08║益?如為太空有礙,對虛空而不喜,等無益也。
W04n0033_p0124a09║  丑四、於生瞋恚之因應勱力審觀斷除。分三:
W04n0033_p0124a10║  寅一、總明生瞋恚境差別;寅二、於作所不樂者遮止瞋恚;寅
W04n0033_p0124a11║三、於障所可樂者遮止瞋恚。今初:
W04n0033_p0124a12║  眾苦逼惱輕蔑行,逆耳惡名粗惡語,
W04n0033_p0124a13║  不欲施我及所親,豈能禁敵不出此。
W04n0033_p0124a14║  於我或我之諸親友,施以苦受及輕蔑,令其所求不得,或以
W04n0033_p0124a15║粗惡語面譏,或以惡名背毀,四種不樂之事,欲其不為,我樂不
W04n0033_p0124a16║樂,豈能禁怨敵不出此耶?總而言之即世間八法也。
W04n0033_p0124a17║  寅二、於作所不樂者遮止瞋恚。分三:
W04n0033_p0124a18║  卯一、遮於已作惡者起瞋;卯二、遮於己親友作惡者起瞋;卯
W04n0033_p0124a19║三、遮於己怨敵作利益者起瞋。起中分二:
W04n0033_p0124a20║  辰一、生苦者應忍;辰二、成辦所求者應忍。初中分三:
W04n0033_p0124a21║  巳一、安受眾苦忍;巳二、諦察法忍;巳三、耐他怨害忍。初
W04n0033_p0124a22║中分五:
W04n0033_p0124a23║  午一、思維有漏皆苦;午二、思維習苦之功德;午三、思維熟
W04n0033_p0124a24║習自不難;午四、力斷煩惱之功德;午五、廣說習苦之功德。今
W04n0033_p0124a25║初:
W04n0033_p0124a26║  安樂之因偶一生,苦因極多數無量。
W04n0033_p0124a27║  生死輪迴中,安樂之事,僅偶一發生。苦事極多,未離生死
W04n0033_p0125a01║自性所生之苦悉應忍也。
W04n0033_p0125a02║  午二、思維修苦之功德:
W04n0033_p0125a03║  無苦出離心不生,故心當生堅定解。
W04n0033_p0125a04║  應思生死以苦為自性,不思維苦,則無超生死之出離心,是
W04n0033_p0125a05║故汝心應生堅定解了忍受眾苦。
W04n0033_p0125a06║  為遮苦行好角鬥,燒身斷肢諸苦受,
W04n0033_p0125a07║  為無義事尚能忍,為求解脫復何恨。
W04n0033_p0125a08║  能遮壞自在天苦行者,謂宇摩天母。諸信彼天母者,為求所
W04n0033_p0125a09║好之事,每於仲秋月初九日等,或一日或三日,斷食已或焚身或
W04n0033_p0125a10║斷肢體。南部種族住於嘎拉扎巴等地者,為互相角鬥故,傷殘肢
W04n0033_p0125a11║體。如是眾苦,為無義事尚且能忍,為解脫有情眾苦成大義利
W04n0033_p0125a12║故,我分應受苦,何忿爭為?應忍受也。
W04n0033_p0125a13║  午三、思維熟習自不難。分二:
W04n0033_p0125a14║  未一、廣說;未二、攝義。初中分四:
W04n0033_p0125a15║  申一、久習自成順易;申二、以喻成;申三、所忍之境;申四、
W04n0033_p0125a16║熟習則生忍力之喻。今初:
W04n0033_p0125a17║  難事久習轉為易,世間何事不如此,
W04n0033_p0125a18║  故於小事當練修,令於大事能堪忍。
W04n0033_p0125a19║  若修堪忍,則雖苦亦能堪。一切心所執受,皆是修習之根
W04n0033_p0125a20║本,練習而不轉易者,如是心法決定無有。以此之故,應知若於
W04n0033_p0125a21║何時有人說粗惡語等輕微損害練習忍受,地獄火等大苦惱亦能
W04n0033_p0125a22║忍也。《父子集會經》廣說云「世尊有三摩地名於諸法安樂行,若
W04n0033_p0125a23║誰證得彼三摩地,彼菩薩緣一切法唯受樂受,不受苦受,乃至若
W04n0033_p0125a24║以有情地獄之苦逼惱於彼,亦能隨時正住安樂之想」云等。
W04n0033_p0125a25║  申二、以喻成:
W04n0033_p0125a26║  不見蛇蟲蚊蚋苦,或為飢渴等苦逼,
W04n0033_p0125a27║  或生疥癩身搔痒,諸無義苦久亦安。
W04n0033_p0126a01║  若謂小苦久習不能忍,蛇蟲蚊蚋等擾,飢渴等受,[病-丙+斑]疹疥癩
W04n0033_p0126a02║等所生毫無義利之苦,久習亦易忍受,不習則難,何故不見?現
W04n0033_p0126a03║見此理應修忍也。
W04n0033_p0126a04║  申三、所忍之境:
W04n0033_p0126a05║  若遇寒熱風雨侵,疾病拘囚及捶打,
W04n0033_p0126a06║  不應嗟吁以為苦,若以為苦害轉增。
W04n0033_p0126a07║  若遇寒熱風雨疾病繩繫杖擊等逼惱,堅忍不應退卻。若於
W04n0033_p0126a08║小逼惱事如此,餘逼惱事當更增長,忍力漸轉小故。
W04n0033_p0126a09║  申四、熟習則生忍力之喻:
W04n0033_p0126a10║  或人見自身出血,臨敵無卻倍勇毅,
W04n0033_p0126a11║  或人見他身出血,驚惶顛倒身撲地,
W04n0033_p0126a12║  彼由心性或堅毅,或復怯弱而差別。
W04n0033_p0126a13║  或有勇士為他兵刃所傷見自身出血,轉增勇毅,或有懦夫,
W04n0033_p0126a14║見他人出血亦驚惶顛撲,非由外物力之大小,亦非由身之強弱等
W04n0033_p0126a15║而有差別,由心性勇怯而分,故應勵力修安受眾苦忍也。
W04n0033_p0126a16║  未二、攝義:
W04n0033_p0126a17║  是故雖負致命傷,應不以其苦為害,
W04n0033_p0126a18║  諸有智者受苦時,不令心體受昏擾。
W04n0033_p0126a19║  是故若心堅毅,縱受重傷甚至斷命,亦應不以其苦為苦。修
W04n0033_p0126a20║大乘道善巧者,雖遇苦受,能行忍辱,不應以瞋恚擾亂其心極清
W04n0033_p0126a21║明之體性也。
W04n0033_p0126a22║  午四、勉力斷煩惱之功德:
W04n0033_p0126a23║  與諸煩惱作戰鬥,臨陣之時傷害多,
W04n0033_p0126a24║  雖有極苦斷命傷,瞋等怨敵終降伏,
W04n0033_p0126a25║  是為勇士稱勝者,否則惟殲自死敵。
W04n0033_p0126a26║  瞋等諸所斷煩惱,與對治法戰鬥之時,創痛雖多,然世間之
W04n0033_p0126a27║人,為刀劍等傷受大創痛,仍勇敢殺敵。受身心眾苦所傷,而能
W04n0033_p0127a01║摧伏瞋等諸煩惱敵,能勝諸煩惱,故稱勝者。若殺其餘不殺自死
W04n0033_p0127a02║之人,如殺死凜,不應稱為勇士也。
W04n0033_p0127a03║  午五、廣說習苦之功德:
W04n0033_p0127a04║  次應於苦觀功德,由厭患故除驕慢,
W04n0033_p0127a05║  於輪迴者起悲心,於罪羞慚樂善法。
W04n0033_p0127a06║  復次,修苦者,修行之障礙甚大,思維苦過患之功德,依自苦
W04n0033_p0127a07║為增上,由彼厭患故除我慢驕傲。依他苦為增上,見彼苦故欲令
W04n0033_p0127a08║彼離苦,故於輪迴者起悲心,知彼苦是不善之果,不樂苦故於罪
W04n0033_p0127a09║羞慚。不苦而欲求安樂,知彼是善法之果,故於善法生起歡喜。
W04n0033_p0127a10║  巳二、諦察法忍。分二:
W04n0033_p0127a11║  午一、廣說;午二、攝義。初中分三:
W04n0033_p0127a12║  未一、瞋及有瞋者皆依因緣不由自主;未二、破能自主之因;
W04n0033_p0127a13║未三、遮止瞋之所為。初中分二:
W04n0033_p0127a14║  申一、瞋及具瞋之補特伽羅不由自主;申二、彼等之因緣亦
W04n0033_p0127a15║不自由主。初中分三:
W04n0033_p0127a16║  酉一、不應瞋有煩惱之人之理;酉二、瞋非隨欲樂而生;酉
W04n0033_p0127a17║三、諸惡悉由瞋出不由自主。今初:
W04n0033_p0127a18║  於諸大苦出生處,膽等病原不瞋恨,
W04n0033_p0127a19║  何故瞋於諸有情,獨亦緣逼不自主。
W04n0033_p0127a20║  若謂他人損害於我故應瞋恨,此不應理。自身膽等病擾亂
W04n0033_p0127a21║身份,令不平等,是大苦出生之處,於彼不瞋,何故瞋諸有情?若
W04n0033_p0127a22║謂瞻病因緣所生,自無主宰,是故不瞋,於補特伽羅亦不應瞋,有
W04n0033_p0127a23║煩惱之補特伽羅,悉由煩惱為緣而為損惱,亦自無主宰故。如飲
W04n0033_p0127a24║酒者,雖非所欲亦因酒而病。瞋恚雖非彼補特伽羅所欲,然由心
W04n0033_p0127a25║不適悅等因素,煩惱自然而生,故應瞋煩惱,不應瞋補特伽羅也。
W04n0033_p0127a26║  譬如吾人遭病苦,雖非所欲病自起,
W04n0033_p0127a27║  如是彼雖非所欲,亦由逼迫生煩惱。
W04n0033_p0128a01║  酉二、瞋非隨欲樂而生:
W04n0033_p0128a02║  雖未思維彼應瞋,世人率爾生瞋恚,
W04n0033_p0128a03║  雖未思維彼應生,如是瞋心自生起。
W04n0033_p0128a04║  若謂他思維欲作損惱,與煩惱不同,彼人雖未思維當以諸緣
W04n0033_p0128a05║生起瞋恚,而緣具時其人瞋恚率爾自生,雖未思維應生煩惱,而
W04n0033_p0128a06║瞋恚亦如是自然生起,悉自無主宰故。
W04n0033_p0128a07║  酉三、諸惡悉由瞋出自無主宰:
W04n0033_p0128a08║  所有一切諸罪失,惡行種類多無量,
W04n0033_p0128a09║  悉從眾緣力所生,非能主宰得自在。
W04n0033_p0128a10║  煩惱所有諸罪,及由彼發起之種種罪失,悉由眾緣之力而
W04n0033_p0128a11║生,自無主宰。思維此理,故應破除瞋恚,如於水之就下,不應瞋
W04n0033_p0128a12║恨也。
W04n0033_p0128a13║  申二、彼等之因緣亦不自由主:
W04n0033_p0128a14║  彼諸緣等亦未嘗,思維此苦當生起,
W04n0033_p0128a15║  彼所生者亦無心,思維我今當生起。
W04n0033_p0128a16║  煩惱等生苦諸緣聚會,彼等亦未嘗作是思維,言我當生起此
W04n0033_p0128a17║苦,彼所生之苦,亦未思維我當生起。是故不應以彼思維欲作損
W04n0033_p0128a18║惱為因而生瞋恚也。
W04n0033_p0128a19║  未二、破能自主之因。分三:
W04n0033_p0128a20║  申一、破數論之我及神我有自在;申二、破勝論有自在之我;
W04n0033_p0128a21║申三、知一切眾生皆如幻化不應瞋恚。初中分二:
W04n0033_p0128a22║  酉一、破神我自在生起不安;酉二、破能了知之士夫,能自在
W04n0033_p0128a23║於境受用。今初:
W04n0033_p0128a24║  所謂神我何所許,安立我名是何物,
W04n0033_p0128a25║  彼亦非由作是想,謂我當生始出生,
W04n0033_p0128a26║  若不生者彼非有,彼時許生是何物。
W04n0033_p0128a27║  所謂情塵暗三等分具五性相之神我,能自在生起由不安所
W04n0033_p0129a01║攝之諸損害者,究何所許?又於能了知之士夫分別謂為我,及分
W04n0033_p0129a02║別彼能於境自在受用者復是何物?皆不應理。我及神我自性,
W04n0033_p0129a03║非自有自在,為於境受用,及生起不安故,言當生而便生起,不能
W04n0033_p0129a04║作所作。等同兔角故。生果之時,許從神我生果,彼是何物,悉
W04n0033_p0129a05║不應理。神我自性不生故。自性不生者,不能生果故。
W04n0033_p0129a06║  酉二、破能了知之士夫,自在於境受用:
W04n0033_p0129a07║  於境恒時馳散故,彼當不能得涅槃。
W04n0033_p0129a08║  能了知之士夫,應不能得有時於境不受用之涅槃,所許於境
W04n0033_p0129a09║能受用者,若是常實,應常時於境馳散,無於境不執取之時故。
W04n0033_p0129a10║  申二、破勝論有自在之我。分三:
W04n0033_p0129a11║  酉一、常則不應生果;酉二、不應待緣;酉三、與緣無繫屬。
W04n0033_p0129a12║今初:
W04n0033_p0129a13║  彼我若許是常法,見無作用如虛空。
W04n0033_p0129a14║  勝論許我有色常實,及許彼能生損惱等。若彼我是常實,便
W04n0033_p0129a15║等同虛空無為,現見彼非能生果之作者。
W04n0033_p0129a16║  酉二、不應待緣:
W04n0033_p0129a17║  從遇一切諸外緣,終無轉變何所作,
W04n0033_p0129a18║  正作之時亦如前,能作於彼何所作。
W04n0033_p0129a19║  若謂自性是常,遇緣即能生果。常法不能遇緣,縱遇勤苦等
W04n0033_p0129a20║諸外緣,緣亦於彼有何作用?毫無作用,彼我無轉變故。緣能為
W04n0033_p0129a21║益之時,彼我仍不離前不能生果時之自性,若不離彼自性,彼能
W04n0033_p0129a22║為益者於彼我復何所作?不能作纖毫差別故。
W04n0033_p0129a23║  酉三、與緣無繫屬:
W04n0033_p0129a24║  謂此是彼能作者,此中何法相聯屬。
W04n0033_p0129a25║  若謂雖不能轉變其體性,而能於他事作利益亦不應爾。言
W04n0033_p0129a26║能令彼我生果之能作者,能於他事作利益者,即是此事,彼與我
W04n0033_p0129a27║有何繫屬?我之自身,與彼之生起毫無關聯故。
W04n0033_p0130a01║  申三、知一切眾生皆如幻化不應瞋恨:
W04n0033_p0130a02║  如是悉由他自在,非由己力能主宰,
W04n0033_p0130a03║  於諸一切如幻法,如是知已無瞋恚。
W04n0033_p0130a04║  如是生果之一切所作,悉為他所自在,而彼諸緣亦由前之因
W04n0033_p0130a05║緣自在而生,生與不生彼果不能主宰,如幻如化。一切法自性不
W04n0033_p0130a06║成猶如虛空,而能作所作事,如是知已於如幻諸法,不起瞋恚,便
W04n0033_p0130a07║能摧壞煩惱,於緣生如幻之觀證,應當學也。
W04n0033_p0130a08║  未三、遮止瞋之所為:
W04n0033_p0130a09║  若爾以誰遮邏誰,今為遮止亦非理,
W04n0033_p0130a10║  依此能斷諸苦流,是所許故理無違。
W04n0033_p0130a11║  若謂既無微塵許自性,何故應以何對治遮何所斷,不應能作所作
W04n0033_p0130a12║,故亦不應遮止於瞋,作是說者,是不了知於自性空中安立
W04n0033_p0130a13║能作所作之義,執二諦相違而起邪見,能斷所斷自性空故,於彼
W04n0033_p0130a14║非不應理。通達能斷所斷自性空,依此能盡瞋等煩惱,許煩惱盡
W04n0033_p0130a15║便能斷諸苦流故。
W04n0033_p0130a16║  午二、攝義:
W04n0033_p0130a17║  是故不論怨與親,若見行於非理事,
W04n0033_p0130a18║  謂由如是因緣生,如是思維獲安樂。
W04n0033_p0130a19║  以是之故,不論怨親,若見非理而作損惱,當如是思維,彼補
W04n0033_p0130a20║特伽羅自無主宰,由如是煩惱之緣故爾,應如是息滅瞋恚心,不
W04n0033_p0130a21║安樂者作安樂想,而忍受之。
W04n0033_p0130a22║  若自所求悉成就,痛苦是何人所欲,
W04n0033_p0130a23║  於諸有情任何時,悉應不生諸苦事。
W04n0033_p0130a24║  若非他緣自在,自有所需,由自主宰即能得果,任何有情亦
W04n0033_p0130a25║不欲痛苦,於諸有情,誰亦不應遭遇苦事。現見有痛苦發生,補
W04n0033_p0130a26║特伽羅自無主宰,故不應瞋彼補特伽羅,而應反責煩惱也。
W04n0033_p0130a27║  巳三、耐他怨害忍。分三:
W04n0033_p0131a01║  午一、悲心方便作意;午二、遮止瞋恚之因;午三、遇不欲之
W04n0033_p0131a02║事當思己過。初中分三:
W04n0033_p0131a03║  未一、有情或以無知之故自作損害;未二、無知故自身亦能
W04n0033_p0131a04║殺害損惱他人不足為奇;未三、是故於彼應起悲心。今初:
W04n0033_p0131a05║  有情有時偶不慎,輒以尖杙自戳傷,
W04n0033_p0131a06║  或為欲求財色等,思慕徬徨而絕食。
W04n0033_p0131a07║  若人被詛或投巖,或服毒物諸不宜,
W04n0033_p0131a08║  以如是等非福行,而於自身作損害。
W04n0033_p0131a09║  損惱他之諸補特伽羅,有時放逸,為煩惱自在,為自求解脫,
W04n0033_p0131a10║或為解脫他人,能自穿尖杙,或投險地等而自傷害,或為求財色
W04n0033_p0131a11║等思慕徬徨,忿怒斷食等,或為煩惱被詛,或投懸巖,或食不宜毒
W04n0033_p0131a12║物,以非福惡趣因之罪行,於己現生及後世而作損惱因他於己作
W04n0033_p0131a13║損惱,豈宜以此為由,便生瞋恚乎?
W04n0033_p0131a14║  未二、無知故自身亦能殺害損惱他人,不足為奇:
W04n0033_p0131a15║  若為煩惱自在時,不恤殺自所愛身,
W04n0033_p0131a16║  若時彼等於他身,何能顧恤不損惱。
W04n0033_p0131a17║  若自為煩惱自在時,即自心所極愛憐之我,亦能殺害,爾時
W04n0033_p0131a18║彼等於他人身,何能顧恤不加損害?若作損害,便執為不宜而生
W04n0033_p0131a19║瞋恨,不應理也。
W04n0033_p0131a20║  未三、是故於彼應起悲心:
W04n0033_p0131a21║  如是煩惱生起時,能殺自身無顧恤,
W04n0033_p0131a22║  於彼縱未生大悲,但生煩惱何其愚。
W04n0033_p0131a23║  如前所說煩惱生時,令人能損惱他,亦能自殺,於彼應起悲
W04n0033_p0131a24║心,縱或悲心未能生起,而於彼等瞋恚,豈有是理?極不應起瞋
W04n0033_p0131a25║恨也。
W04n0033_p0131a26║  午二、遮止瞋恚之因。分三:
W04n0033_p0131a27║  未一、若是凡夫本性則不應瞋;未二、若偶然過失而作損惱
W04n0033_p0132a01║亦不應瞋;未三、觀現前及輾轉之因不應瞋恨。今初:
W04n0033_p0132a02║  若於他人作損惱,凡愚自性本如是,
W04n0033_p0132a03║  於彼生瞋不應理,如瞋於火燃燒性。
W04n0033_p0132a04║  若於他人作損惱,是凡愚之本性,或昧於取捨,或雖知而煩
W04n0033_p0132a05║惱太重,則於彼固不應瞋,如憎厭火之燃燒性而生瞋恚,不應理
W04n0033_p0132a06║也。
W04n0033_p0132a07║  未二、若以偶然過失而作損惱亦不應瞋:
W04n0033_p0132a08║  若彼有情性決定,偶然生起此過失,
W04n0033_p0132a09║  於彼亦不應生瞋,如瞋虛空聚煙雲。
W04n0033_p0132a10║  若損惱他之過失偶然生起,有情本性決定賢善,是亦不應以
W04n0033_p0132a11║作損惱而生瞋恚,如於虛空中偶聚煙雲,不應於虛空而起嫌恨
W04n0033_p0132a12║也。
W04n0033_p0132a13║  未三、觀現前及輾轉之因不應瞋恨:
W04n0033_p0132a14║  於杖等事起瞋恚,若瞋於彼投杖者,
W04n0033_p0132a15║  彼亦由於瞋恚逼,二者之中應責瞋。
W04n0033_p0132a16║  若謂他人作損惱故應瞋恨,若瞋現前作損惱者,刀杖等物現
W04n0033_p0132a17║加於人而作損惱,應瞋刀杖等。若謂彼非由自主而作損惱,乃人
W04n0033_p0132a18║所投擲,而瞋能投擲者,人亦由瞋恚所逼,不由自主,二者之中當
W04n0033_p0132a19║瞋於誰?縱使生瞋,應瞋於瞋恚也。
W04n0033_p0132a20║  午三、遇不欲之事當思己過。分二:
W04n0033_p0132a21║  未一、正義;未二、斷諍。初中分五:
W04n0033_p0132a22║  申一、他人損我當思己過;申二、苦因身執過患;申三、前生
W04n0033_p0132a23║貪著苦因之過患;申四、以自業故遇他苦因不應瞋彼;申五、瞋即
W04n0033_p0132a24║顛倒非理。今初:
W04n0033_p0132a25║  由我昔於諸有情,曾作如斯損害事,
W04n0033_p0132a26║  故應有情受害者,於我如是作損惱。
W04n0033_p0132a27║  我遭遇如是損害,應當思維,是我往昔生中於有情曾作如是
W04n0033_p0133a01║損害之事,是故彼作損惱之有情,應於我作如是損惱,如是思維
W04n0033_p0133a02║而修安忍。
W04n0033_p0133a03║  申二、苦因是身執過患:
W04n0033_p0133a04║  由他兵杖及我身,二者共為生苦因,
W04n0033_p0133a05║  若由他杖我身出,二者之中何所瞋。
W04n0033_p0133a06║  復以此故亦不應瞋。他之兵杖及我之身,二者共為我生苦
W04n0033_p0133a07║因。彼補特伽羅出其兵杖,我出其身,二者共造我之苦,應瞋於
W04n0033_p0133a08║誰?惟瞋他人不應理也。
W04n0033_p0133a09║  人身苦聚如瘡[病-丙+包],偶一觸之痛難忍,
W04n0033_p0133a10║  貪愛愚盲自取之,於彼損惱當咎誰。
W04n0033_p0133a11║  人身猶如瘡[病-丙+包],偶一觸之,其苦難忍,由貪著身等,及由無明
W04n0033_p0133a12║盲其慧目,我自執取此身,芒刺之微亦能害彼,於彼損惱當瞋於
W04n0033_p0133a13║誰?應思是己過也。
W04n0033_p0133a14║  申三、前生貪著苦因之過患:
W04n0033_p0133a15║  愚夫於苦非所欲,而於苦因常貪慕,
W04n0033_p0133a16║  咎由自取受其害,何能瞋恚責他人。
W04n0033_p0133a17║  譬如地獄諸邏卒,亦如刀山劍葉林,
W04n0033_p0133a18║  皆由自業之所生,當於何人生瞋恨。
W04n0033_p0133a19║  諸愚夫不欲受苦,而貪慕於殺等苦因,由己昔時造罪自種其
W04n0033_p0133a20║因,果時自遭其害,何須怨恨他人,唯是己業之所造也。譬如地
W04n0033_p0133a21║獄鬼卒及劍葉林等,於己生苦,非由他人,亦從自業生,不能責
W04n0033_p0133a22║他,現生所受損害,亦從自業生,當瞋何人?唯是自身罪業,今後
W04n0033_p0133a23║應勵力斷除苦因也。
W04n0033_p0133a24║  申四、以自業故為他苦因不應瞋彼:
W04n0033_p0133a25║  由我先業所招感,遇諸有情為我害,
W04n0033_p0133a26║  彼若因此墮地獄,得非由我令顛墜。
W04n0033_p0133a27║  復次,由我往昔不善業所招感,今世始有彼諸補特伽羅為作
W04n0033_p0134a01║損惱。由於我作損惱故,彼諸補特伽羅若墮地獄中,豈非我擊彼
W04n0033_p0134a02║諸補特伽羅而令顛墜耶?謂己心中有意欲擊墜彼等也。
W04n0033_p0134a03║  申五、瞋即顛倒非理:
W04n0033_p0134a04║  由依彼等修忍辱,令我眾罪得祛除,
W04n0033_p0134a05║  由我彼等墜地獄,長劫沉淪受諸苦。
W04n0033_p0134a06║  是我於彼作損害,彼等咸皆饒益我,
W04n0033_p0134a07║  云何作是顛倒行,於彼悖忤生瞋恚。
W04n0033_p0134a08║  復次,以彼諸補特伽羅為忍之所緣境,令我得修忍辱,祛除
W04n0033_p0134a09║眾罪,而彼諸補特伽羅因我而墮地獄中長劫受苦,是我於諸怨害
W04n0033_p0134a10║作損惱,而彼等於我作饒益,於作饒益者,而生瞋恨,汝心何故如
W04n0033_p0134a11║是顛倒悖謬而生瞋恚?應歡喜也。
W04n0033_p0134a12║  未二、斷諍。分三:
W04n0033_p0134a13║  申一、遮他不應能於我作饒益;申二、遮我不應能於他作損
W04n0033_p0134a14║惱;申三、破於作饒益顛倒行。今初:
W04n0033_p0134a15║  若我意樂有功德,何能墮於地獄中。
W04n0033_p0134a16║  或謂若我為他之罪緣,我亦應入地獄。若思維此事於我作
W04n0033_p0134a17║饒益,以此意樂功德而成忍辱,我不入地獄而罪成清淨也。
W04n0033_p0134a18║  申二、釋難我不應能於他作損惱:
W04n0033_p0134a19║  若我於己善防護,於彼有何福可生。
W04n0033_p0134a20║  或謂彼能盡我之罪果,且於我作饒益,彼亦不應入於地獄。
W04n0033_p0134a21║我於損惱修忍,自能防護得免於罪,彼諸補特伽羅,於此有何福
W04n0033_p0134a22║德可生?不作善業唯作損惱也。
W04n0033_p0134a23║  申三、破於作饒益顛倒行:
W04n0033_p0134a24║  若以損害為酬答,即於彼不能防護,
W04n0033_p0134a25║  我之善行即失壞,且亦壞我忍辱行。
W04n0033_p0134a26║  或謂若作損惱,即是作饒益,我亦應以損惱報之,雖然,若以
W04n0033_p0134a27║損惱報損惱,即於作損惱不能防護,我所承許修四善法行及慈悲
W04n0033_p0135a01║心之善行,即成失壞,亦壞殊勝難行之忍辱行也。
W04n0033_p0135a02║  辰二、於作輕蔑者應忍。分四:
W04n0033_p0135a03║  巳一、輕罵等於己身無損;巳二、為瞋所纏之補特伽羅我不
W04n0033_p0135a04║應瞋彼;巳三、於障利者不應瞋;巳四、他人於我不敬不應瞋。今
W04n0033_p0135a05║初:
W04n0033_p0135a06║  心非色質無形體,誰由何處能損壞,
W04n0033_p0135a07║  若於色身起貪著,此身始為眾苦侵。
W04n0033_p0135a08║  或說輕蔑粗惡言,或作譏誹不悅耳,
W04n0033_p0135a09║  於汝身肢無損害,汝心何用瞋於彼。
W04n0033_p0135a10║  若為愛護自心,心非有形體故,惡語刀杖等任何一物終無由
W04n0033_p0135a11║能作損害。是故若謂於身分別貪著,身為諸苦所逼故生瞋恚,他
W04n0033_p0135a12║人於我作輕蔑粗惡之語,彼不悅耳之言,於自身毫無所損,汝心
W04n0033_p0135a13║何故起大瞋恨?不應瞋也。
W04n0033_p0135a14║  巳二、為瞋所纏之補特伽羅我不應瞋彼:
W04n0033_p0135a15║  他人對我心不喜,或於今生或他世,
W04n0033_p0135a16║  若彼不能吞食我,我心何用不樂為。
W04n0033_p0135a17║  他人於我不喜,若於今生,若於他世,若於我無害,不能食
W04n0033_p0135a18║我,我何故不悅,而造無義苦因?故不應不樂也。
W04n0033_p0135a19║  巳三、於障己利得者不應瞋。分五:
W04n0033_p0135a20║  午一、所得速壞故不應瞋於彼為障者;午二、遮邪命得利;午
W04n0033_p0135a21║三、喻明不應貪利;午四、不應貪利之理;午五、遮應求利。今初:
W04n0033_p0135a22║  若由障我之所求,故我於彼心不悅,
W04n0033_p0135a23║  所求必捨終歸盡,瞋心諸罪恒堅住。
W04n0033_p0135a24║  若謂輕毀等能障我所求,故我於輕毀等三有時不欲,所為生
W04n0033_p0135a25║瞋者,為我所求利養。彼於現生亦迅疾失壞,而瞋恚諸罪,恒常
W04n0033_p0135a26║堅住於相續中,故寧不得利養不應瞋恚。
W04n0033_p0135a27║  午二、遮邪命得利:
W04n0033_p0136a01║  我寧今日捨壽命,不願長生邪命活,
W04n0033_p0136a02║  如我縱能長壽住,死時痛苦亦猶是。
W04n0033_p0136a03║  我寧不得利養今日即死,不可瞋他而得利,邪命自活,依之
W04n0033_p0136a04║而長壽久存。如我縱然長壽,終亦悉一切,死隨之苦亦猶如是
W04n0033_p0136a05║也。
W04n0033_p0136a06║  午三、喻明不應貪利:
W04n0033_p0136a07║  夢中受樂經百年,夢覺之時何所有,
W04n0033_p0136a08║  餘人夢受須臾樂,夢覺之時亦猶是,
W04n0033_p0136a09║  於斯二人久暫樂,覺時同一難再得,
W04n0033_p0136a10║  人壽修短雖不同,死時均等亦如是。
W04n0033_p0136a11║  一人夢受樂百年而醒,餘人夢受樂須臾而醒,二人醒時,夢
W04n0033_p0136a12║中所受之樂均不可復得。壽長壽短所受之樂,亦猶如是,死時惟
W04n0033_p0136a13║成憶念之境,如斯而已,故不應貪利。
W04n0033_p0136a14║  午四、不應貪利之理:
W04n0033_p0136a15║  縱能獲得諸所求,復於長時受安樂,
W04n0033_p0136a16║  終如被劫寸縷無,命終獨往唯空手。
W04n0033_p0136a17║  縱得眾多財利,復於彼長時樂享,死時終如被盜洗劫寸絲不
W04n0033_p0136a18║掛,不得不空手而行也。
W04n0033_p0136a19║  午五、破應求利:
W04n0033_p0136a20║  若謂求利為支身,消除罪業作福德,
W04n0033_p0136a21║  若為求利生瞋恚,寧不折福生罪愆,
W04n0033_p0136a22║  我為此事而活命,即令其事成失壞,
W04n0033_p0136a23║  唯作惡事邪命生,如此生存亦何益。
W04n0033_p0136a24║  若謂依利養故長久存活,可以四力,淨罪增福,是故應求利
W04n0033_p0136a25║養。若為求利而生瞋恚,千劫所積福德亦能消盡,寧不獲罪?若
W04n0033_p0136a26║生罪,則我生存所為之事,爾時即成自身失壞之緣,生存唯能造
W04n0033_p0136a27║罪,何用存活?非所須也。
W04n0033_p0137a01║  巳四、他人於我不敬不應瞋。分二:
W04n0033_p0137a02║  午一、若因道吾惡名能壞信心故瞋,則於道他惡名者亦應
W04n0033_p0137a03║瞋;午二、若能忍於他不信,則以煩惱為緣而於己不信者亦應忍。
W04n0033_p0137a04║今初:
W04n0033_p0137a05║  若謂為壞有情信,對彼惡言生瞋惱,
W04n0033_p0137a06║  若於他人播惡名,爾時汝何不生瞋。
W04n0033_p0137a07║  或謂縱或不應瞋能障利養者,然若道吾惡者,能壞有情於我
W04n0033_p0137a08║所起之信心,故應瞋道吾惡者。若為能壞他善根而瞋,於道他補
W04n0033_p0137a09║特伽羅之惡者,汝何故不亦如是起瞋?彼亦能壞他信心善根故。
W04n0033_p0137a10║  午二、若能忍於他不信,則以煩惱為緣而於己不信者亦應
W04n0033_p0137a11║忍:
W04n0033_p0137a12║  若對他人心不信,於不信者能安忍,
W04n0033_p0137a13║  依煩惱生出惡言,汝心何故不能忍。
W04n0033_p0137a14║  若對他有情不信者,依別餘補特伽羅為所緣境,而道別餘補
W04n0033_p0137a15║特伽羅之惡名,於對別人不信者,汝安忍不恨,則於道自身惡事
W04n0033_p0137a16║者,汝心何不亦能忍受?應當能忍,彼亦依他之煩惱生而作如是
W04n0033_p0137a17║語故。
W04n0033_p0137a18║  卯二、遮瞋於己親友作惡者。分二:
W04n0033_p0137a19║  辰一、以諦察法忍遮止;辰二、以耐他怨害忍遮止。初中分
W04n0033_p0137a20║二:
W04n0033_p0137a21║  巳一、於損壞佛像等者不應瞋之理;巳二、於損害親友等者
W04n0033_p0137a22║亦應如是忍。今初:
W04n0033_p0137a23║  若於塔像及正法,或作誹謗或毀損,
W04n0033_p0137a24║  我仍不應生瞋惱,佛等無人能損故。
W04n0033_p0137a25║  若謂損害自身雖不應瞋,而瞋損壞三寶者應無罪。於佛像
W04n0033_p0137a26║大菩提塔等及正法,以語誹謗說其過失,以身損毀者,我仍不應
W04n0033_p0137a27║對之瞋恚,佛等三寶無有能損毀者,若能損者,彼即是可悲愍處,
W04n0033_p0138a01║應憫念之,於三寶所,不至由心不安而生令心苦惱之因緣作用
W04n0033_p0138a02║故。
W04n0033_p0138a03║  巳二、於損害親友等者亦應如是忍:
W04n0033_p0138a04║  若於師友及親知,作侵損者亦如是,
W04n0033_p0138a05║  依前述理而觀察,見從緣生息瞋恚。
W04n0033_p0138a06║  為己說法之師,及同時之友,及諸親友等,若有為作損害者,
W04n0033_p0138a07║雖見他人為作損害,亦不應瞋彼諸親友等,由先作非理之業所招
W04n0033_p0138a08║感,如前所述之理,應見為從諸業緣而生,遮自瞋恚。
W04n0033_p0138a09║  辰二、以耐他怨害忍遮止。分四:
W04n0033_p0138a10║  巳一、不應唯瞋有心者;巳二、不應瞋之理;巳三、思維己過;
W04n0033_p0138a11║巳四、思維忍之功德。今初:
W04n0033_p0138a12║  於有情作損害者,有心無心有二類,
W04n0033_p0138a13║  易唯簡擇瞋有心,故於損惱當安忍。
W04n0033_p0138a14║  於自己親友等,所能作損害者,怨敵等有心,刀杖等無心,二
W04n0033_p0138a15║者同一能作損害,何故唯緣有心者,簡擇而起憎厭?不應憎厭,
W04n0033_p0138a16║故於損害親友等者應忍。
W04n0033_p0138a17║  巳二、不應瞋之理:
W04n0033_p0138a18║  一人愚昧作損惱,一人愚昧生瞋恚,
W04n0033_p0138a19║  若無過失何待言,若有過失當咎誰。
W04n0033_p0138a20║  有補特伽羅由昧於業果故而作殺等損惱者,復有補特伽羅
W04n0033_p0138a21║由昧於瞋心過患對之起瞋,此二人中若無過失尚何待言,若有過
W04n0033_p0138a22║失咎將誰歸?二人等皆有過,不應為報復損害而起瞋也。
W04n0033_p0138a23║  巳三、思維己過:
W04n0033_p0138a24║  所有能作損害業,昔時何故而造成,
W04n0033_p0138a25║  一切唯依業力轉,我於此事何必瞋。
W04n0033_p0138a26║  如是知已任何時,悉皆相對起慈心,
W04n0033_p0138a27║  我當如是自奮勉,於諸福業勤造修。
W04n0033_p0139a01║  所有能令他人於我作損害之業,昔時何故造作,無義自害,
W04n0033_p0139a02║一切皆依自惡業起,是則我於他人何須瞋厭?一切皆由業生。
W04n0033_p0139a03║如是見已,無論如何應作是思維,安得令一切有情各各相對皆起
W04n0033_p0139a04║慈心!自於悲等福德,應勉力修也。
W04n0033_p0139a05║  巳四、思維忍之功德。分三:
W04n0033_p0139a06║  午一、應為令己善根不壞故勵力;午二、應受輕苦而遮地獄
W04n0033_p0139a07║等苦因;午三、應於能成大義之難行歡喜。今初:
W04n0033_p0139a08║  譬如房舍著火燃,旋見延燒及鄰宅,
W04n0033_p0139a09║  蔓草柴薪易燃物,應悉曳出速拋棄。
W04n0033_p0139a10║  如是於誰心貪著,即為瞋火所延燒,
W04n0033_p0139a11║  為慎焚燒福德林,須臾即棄勿暫留。
W04n0033_p0139a12║  譬如房屋被焚,其火趣於鄰舍,若延燒柴草等,資財悉當被
W04n0033_p0139a13║焚。為保房屋資具故,應出彼柴草等棄之,不應貪惜。若於親友
W04n0033_p0139a14║等任何人心有貪著,依於彼等遭遇損害之緣,瞋恚之火即能延
W04n0033_p0139a15║燒,懼焚燒善根福德之財故,於彼貪因,應即於須臾頃棄之,不應
W04n0033_p0139a16║貪也。
W04n0033_p0139a17║  午二、應為遮地獄等苦因而受輕苦。分二:
W04n0033_p0139a18║  未一、喻;未二、法。今初:
W04n0033_p0139a19║  當死囚徒若可逃,僅斷肢體豈不善,
W04n0033_p0139a20║  若由人中受輕苦,免地獄苦何不為。
W04n0033_p0139a21║  若謂離所知識當受苦者,當死之人僅斷其手,若能免於死,
W04n0033_p0139a22║何樂不為?如是,若人僅受餓渴等苦,便能免於地獄之苦,豈不
W04n0033_p0139a23║善哉,應忍受輕苦而遮止大苦也。
W04n0033_p0139a24║  未二、法:
W04n0033_p0139a25║  今於如是輕微苦,我尚瞋厭難安忍,
W04n0033_p0139a26║  瞋恚為入地獄因,於彼云何不遮止。
W04n0033_p0139a27║  若謂爾許之苦我不能忍者,當思僅現前飢渴打擊等輕微之
W04n0033_p0140a01║苦,我尚不能忍,以此之故,地獄苦因之瞋恚,云何不遮止?應勵
W04n0033_p0140a02║力遮止也。
W04n0033_p0140a03║  午三、應於能成大義之難行歡喜。分二:
W04n0033_p0140a04║  未一、應悔往昔虛度多生,於自他利一無所成;未二、應喜今
W04n0033_p0140a05║修忍辱難行,能成一切眾生義利。今初:
W04n0033_p0140a06║  為求諸欲百千劫,曾經地獄焚燒苦,
W04n0033_p0140a07║  而於自利及他利,徒受諸若無所成。
W04n0033_p0140a08║  往昔我為貪著顛倒境之諸欲,造作惡業,受地獄焚燒等苦,
W04n0033_p0140a09║經百千劫,而於自利及他利,我仍毫無所成。
W04n0033_p0140a10║  未二、應喜今修忍辱難行,能成一切眾生義利:
W04n0033_p0140a11║  些微損惱不足言,能令大義皆成辦,
W04n0033_p0140a12║  為除有情損惱故,唯應欣然忍諸苦。
W04n0033_p0140a13║  為成他利時行此難事,爾許難行不足為害,一切大義依彼悉
W04n0033_p0140a14║能成辦,眾生所受損害悉能滅除,於此難行之苦,唯應歡喜忍受
W04n0033_p0140a15║也。
W04n0033_p0140a16║  卯三、遮瞋於己怨敵作利益者。分三:
W04n0033_p0140a17║  辰一、遮於怨敵讚揚者不忍;辰二、遮於彼安樂不忍;辰三、
W04n0033_p0140a18║遮於彼利養不忍。初中分二:
W04n0033_p0140a19║  巳一、自是安樂因應當歡喜;巳二、是他安樂之因不應不樂。
W04n0033_p0140a20║今初:
W04n0033_p0140a21║  讚揚怨敵具功德,彼若歡喜得安樂,
W04n0033_p0140a22║  我心何不隨讚揚,亦能令我心歡喜。
W04n0033_p0140a23║  如是我心隨喜樂,能生安樂亦無罪,
W04n0033_p0140a24║  諸有德者所讚許,亦是攝他殊勝法。
W04n0033_p0140a25║  若別餘補特伽羅,讚揚我之怨敵,言彼有功德,若彼能讚揚
W04n0033_p0140a26║者,亦得歡喜安樂,汝心何不亦贊彼怨敵功德,如彼補特伽羅生
W04n0033_p0140a27║起歡喜乎?若能如是,汝此歡喜他功德之安樂,是諸佛佛子具功
W04n0033_p0141a01║德者之所讚許,謂為未來無罪安樂之源,亦是能攝他所調之殊勝
W04n0033_p0141a02║法也。
W04n0033_p0141a03║  巳二、是他安樂之因不應不樂。分二:
W04n0033_p0141a04║  午一、不欲他安樂亦壞自安樂;午二、故應欲他安樂。今初:
W04n0033_p0141a05║  若謂他獲如是樂,汝不欲彼安樂者,
W04n0033_p0141a06║  傭工雇值不酬故,見與不見利俱失。
W04n0033_p0141a07║  若謂於他讚揚,令所贊境之他,亦生如是安樂,汝不欲他得
W04n0033_p0141a08║此因讚揚而得之安樂者,於自僕役給予雇值亦令他安樂,亦應停
W04n0033_p0141a09║止給其雇值等。由不給予故,現世僕役不為服勞,後世亦不能受
W04n0033_p0141a10║安樂。見謂現世,不見謂後世,安樂俱失壞也。
W04n0033_p0141a11║  午二、故應欲他安樂:
W04n0033_p0141a12║  他人讚我功德時,若許為他安樂事,
W04n0033_p0141a13║  何故讚他功德時,不許我心得安樂。
W04n0033_p0141a14║  若他人稱述我之功德時,許彼稱述者心亦安樂,我稱述他人
W04n0033_p0141a15║功德之時,不許我心亦安樂,是不應理。如許讚我令他歡喜,讚
W04n0033_p0141a16║他我亦歡喜也。
W04n0033_p0141a17║  辰二、遮於彼安樂不忍:
W04n0033_p0141a18║  欲求一切有情樂,菩提妙心既生起,
W04n0033_p0141a19║  有情若自得安樂,何故由斯生瞋恚。
W04n0033_p0141a20║  欲安立一切有情於無上安樂故,已發菩提心,誓學菩提行,
W04n0033_p0141a21║有情自能稍得些微安樂,亦是成辦汝之所欲一分,何故於此生
W04n0033_p0141a22║瞋?應歡喜也。
W04n0033_p0141a23║  辰三、遮於彼得利養不忍。分二:
W04n0033_p0141a24║  巳一、作己之所欲成就想;巳二、作非所不欲想。初中分三:
W04n0033_p0141a25║  午一、有情自得利養應當歡喜;午二、喻;午三、於彼不欲即
W04n0033_p0141a26║壞菩提心。今初:
W04n0033_p0141a27║  發願欲令諸有情,成佛堪受三界供,
W04n0033_p0142a01║  僅見微劣利養時,何故於彼與熱惱。
W04n0033_p0142a02║  欲令一切眾生成佛受三界供,既承許發願,僅見諸有情略得
W04n0033_p0142a03║微劣利養,何故心生熱惱?適足成滿自所欲也。
W04n0033_p0142a04║  午二、喻:
W04n0033_p0142a05║  自應瞻者自瞻養,自行施予大勤劬,
W04n0033_p0142a06║  若從親友能自活,何反瞋怒不欣喜。
W04n0033_p0142a07║  凡所應養活者,如汝之子女等,汝應自給予衣食等。汝應給
W04n0033_p0142a08║予者,彼若自從親友而得養活,汝不歡喜猶可,何反瞋怒為?應
W04n0033_p0142a09║歡喜也。
W04n0033_p0142a10║  午三、於彼不欲即壞菩提心:
W04n0033_p0142a11║  此猶不許眾生得,是誰許彼得菩提,
W04n0033_p0142a12║  若瞋他人圓滿事,云何能有菩提心。
W04n0033_p0142a13║  所有衣食等些微利養,尚不欲眾生得之,欲彼有情得菩提果
W04n0033_p0142a14║位之補特伽羅是何人耶?若補特伽羅瞋他人些微圓滿之事,彼
W04n0033_p0142a15║何能有欲安立一切有情於菩提位之菩提心?是即壞菩提心,故
W04n0033_p0142a16║應勵力,斷除瞋他得利之嫉妒也。
W04n0033_p0142a17║  巳二、作非所不欲想。分三:
W04n0033_p0142a18║  午一、不應嫉他得利;午二、不應捨己功德;午三、應憂己罪
W04n0033_p0142a19║不應嫉他善。今初:
W04n0033_p0142a20║  若從他家有所獲,其物或在施主家,
W04n0033_p0142a21║  一切悉非汝所有,施與不施汝何涉。
W04n0033_p0142a22║  或彼怨敵從施主所獲得衣食,抑或施主家中所存資財,一切
W04n0033_p0142a23║時中彼物同一悉皆非汝所有,於彼怨敵施與不施,何關汝事?何
W04n0033_p0142a24║用嫉妒?不應理也。
W04n0033_p0142a25║  午二、不應捨己功德:
W04n0033_p0142a26║  或由福德或信心,何故棄捨自功德,
W04n0033_p0142a27║  獲得功德不執持,請問何不自瞋恨。
W04n0033_p0143a01║  若嫉他利養欲自得利養,於利養出生之因,福德及令白衣敬
W04n0033_p0143a02║信之行,或持戒多聞等,是自功德故,何故瞋忿而棄捨之?於得
W04n0033_p0143a03║利養之因不執取而反摧壞,請問何不自瞋責乎?若瞋恚者應自
W04n0033_p0143a04║瞋也。
W04n0033_p0143a05║  午三、應憂己罪不應嫉他善:
W04n0033_p0143a06║  汝於自先所作罪,不惟怙過無憂悔,
W04n0033_p0143a07║  轉於他作福德事,妄冀齊驅作爭競。
W04n0033_p0143a08║  汝先自造罪為不得利養之因,不惟於此不自憂悔,反欲與他
W04n0033_p0143a09║人先作福德者並駕齊驅,不忍而與嫉妒,不應理也。
W04n0033_p0143a10║  寅三、於障所樂欲者遮止瞋恚。分二:
W04n0033_p0143a11║  卯一、障於怨敵作損惱不應不忍;卯二、障己於己黨類作饒
W04n0033_p0143a12║益不應不忍。初中分三:
W04n0033_p0143a13║  辰一、怨敵不樂於己無益;辰二、對怨敵起害心於彼無損;辰
W04n0033_p0143a14║三、適成自害。今初:
W04n0033_p0143a15║  若令怨敵心不樂,於汝心中有何安。
W04n0033_p0143a16║  若謂怨敵受損惱,我心歡喜,故瞋障彼受損惱者,縱使怨敵
W04n0033_p0143a17║不安樂,汝心於此有何可喜?於汝無益有損故。
W04n0033_p0143a18║  辰二、對怨敵起害心於彼無損:
W04n0033_p0143a19║  僅由汝心希願力,亦不成彼損害因。
W04n0033_p0143a20║  僅由汝心希願,欲彼怨敵遭受損害,亦不能成彼受損害之
W04n0033_p0143a21║因,汝所欲之事毫無所成,故不應瞋也。
W04n0033_p0143a22║  辰三、適成自害。分二:
W04n0033_p0143a23║  巳一、怨敵受害不應歡喜;巳二、若執為可喜,便成自身重大
W04n0033_p0143a24║苦因。今初:
W04n0033_p0143a25║  縱令由汝心希求,能使他苦汝何樂。
W04n0033_p0143a26║  縱令由汝希願怨敵受害之心,能致彼受苦,汝於怨敵究何所
W04n0033_p0143a27║得?毫無利益故。
W04n0033_p0144a01║  巳二、若執為可喜,便成自身重大苦因:
W04n0033_p0144a02║  若謂滿足快意故,為害之烈孰過此,
W04n0033_p0144a03║  煩惱漁夫投釣鉤,鋒銳難堪大痛苦,
W04n0033_p0144a04║  執我投於心獄鑊,定為鬼卒相烹煮。
W04n0033_p0144a05║  若謂怨敵遭受損害,則我之所欲成就,暢心快意,趣苦之道,
W04n0033_p0144a06║無有過於發起猛烈害心者,趣於惡趣故。如漁夫以鉤釣魚而烹
W04n0033_p0144a07║之,瞋恚漁夫,垂猛烈害心罪業之釣鉤,鋒銳無敵,定能執諸具煩
W04n0033_p0144a08║惱者,為地獄鬼卒投於有情地獄之甕。或釜中而烹煮之。
W04n0033_p0144a09║  卯二、障己於己黨類作饒益不應不忍。分二:
W04n0033_p0144a10║  辰一、於世法為障者不應瞋;辰二、於福德為障者不應瞋。
W04n0033_p0144a11║初中分二:
W04n0033_p0144a12║  巳一、於障己讚歎名聞者不應瞋;巳二、作饒益想。初中分
W04n0033_p0144a13║四:
W04n0033_p0144a14║  午一、僅讚歎名聞無用;午二、不應唯求快意;午三、唯執彼
W04n0033_p0144a15║為所求即是顛倒;午四、是顛倒之故。今初:
W04n0033_p0144a16║  讚揚美譽相阿諛,不能增福不延壽,
W04n0033_p0144a17║  不增色力不愈疾,亦不能令身安樂,
W04n0033_p0144a18║  若能辨別自義利,此中於我何有益。
W04n0033_p0144a19║  若謂為障我之讚譽名聞故不歡喜,面贊背譽之名,除所謂人
W04n0033_p0144a20║之五欲外,不能成他福德,不能延壽,增我色力,亦不能令身安
W04n0033_p0144a21║樂,是故我若能明辨能不能成己義利,讚揚名聞於我何利?毫無
W04n0033_p0144a22║利益也。
W04n0033_p0144a23║  午二、不應唯求快意:
W04n0033_p0144a24║  若但為求快意故,不如嚴飾耽美酒。
W04n0033_p0144a25║  若但為求快意,不如嚴飾歌舞醇酒婦人也。
W04n0033_p0144a26║  午三、唯執彼為所求即是顛倒。分二:
W04n0033_p0144a27║  未一、唯讚譽無用;未二、憂彼失壞等如愚童。今初:
W04n0033_p0145a01║  為求名譽失資財,乃至喪身亦不惜,
W04n0033_p0145a02║  語言文字有何用,死後虛名為誰悅。
W04n0033_p0145a03║  不唯無益而已,為求能施之名故,能盡捨其資財,為勇士之
W04n0033_p0145a04║名故,臨敵不卻,傷害自身亦所不惜,而博讚揚名聞,彼不過語言
W04n0033_p0145a05║文字而已,有何用乎?應善思維我死之時,彼諸美名令誰安樂
W04n0033_p0145a06║耶?
W04n0033_p0145a07║  未二、憂彼失壞等如愚童:
W04n0033_p0145a08║  聚沙為屋若摧倒,令諸童稚號陶哭,
W04n0033_p0145a09║  若失讚譽與名聞,我心惱喪亦同彼。
W04n0033_p0145a10║  譬如聚沙為屋摧倒之時,令諸童稚號啕而哭,讚譽名聞失壞
W04n0033_p0145a11║之時,若不歡喜,亦猶如是,我心即與愚童相等也。
W04n0033_p0145a12║  午四、是顛倒之故。分二:
W04n0033_p0145a13║  未一、贊己不應貪著歡喜;未二、若如是歡喜即是所求一切
W04n0033_p0145a14║人悉應歡喜。今初:
W04n0033_p0145a15║  若樂其聲聲非心,於我無有贊揚意,
W04n0033_p0145a16║  若稱我能令他喜,計此以為歡喜因。
W04n0033_p0145a17║  或贊他人或贊我,令他歡喜我何益,
W04n0033_p0145a18║  彼心歡喜或安樂,非我行境不知故。
W04n0033_p0145a19║  若由贊己而歡喜,不應歡喜稱讚音聲,彼非心故,絕無讚我
W04n0033_p0145a20║之想,不應對彼歡喜。若謂然讚我之時,彼能贊者歡喜故,計彼
W04n0033_p0145a21║讚譽者歡喜為我歡喜之因,或讚他人或復讚我皆可,彼能贊之他
W04n0033_p0145a22║人歡喜,於我何益?他人相續之歡喜,是他心體,我於彼尚不得
W04n0033_p0145a23║而故知。
W04n0033_p0145a24║  未二、若如是歡喜即是所求於一切人悉應歡喜。分二:
W04n0033_p0145a25║  申一、正說;申二、喜人贊己唯是愚夫行。今初:
W04n0033_p0145a26║  若由彼樂故我樂,應於世人皆如是,
W04n0033_p0145a27║  云何餘人心喜樂,便能令我心不安。
W04n0033_p0146a01║  彼能贊者安樂,是他安樂,若即是我安樂,於一切人亦應如
W04n0033_p0146a02║是。若彼等安樂我即應安樂者,何故餘讚我怨敵,彼能贊者之安
W04n0033_p0146a03║樂,亦是他安樂,我何故不安樂?心應安樂也。
W04n0033_p0146a04║  申二、喜人贊己唯是愚夫行:
W04n0033_p0146a05║  若唯思彼贊揚我,便令我心生歡喜,
W04n0033_p0146a06║  如是此亦不應理,唯是愚夫行徑爾。
W04n0033_p0146a07║  是故若唯謂他人讚我,便於自相續生起歡喜,此若加觀察,
W04n0033_p0146a08║毫無意義,不應如是唯以贊揚為歡喜之因,於彼歡喜唯是愚夫行
W04n0033_p0146a09║也。
W04n0033_p0146a10║  巳二、作饒益想。分二:
W04n0033_p0146a11║  午一、障贊歎名即是障惡趣不應瞋彼;午二、能脫生死不應
W04n0033_p0146a12║瞋彼。初中分二:
W04n0033_p0146a13║  未一、貪著贊歎名聞能生一切罪;未二、障彼即障惡趣。今
W04n0033_p0146a14║初:
W04n0033_p0146a15║  贊揚令我心馳散,亦能壞失厭離心,
W04n0033_p0146a16║  於他有德生嫉妒,亦能壞諸圓滿事。
W04n0033_p0146a17║  於破壞名聞者不應利恨,名聞利養,能動搖我之善心,亦能
W04n0033_p0146a18║壞我壓離生死之心,於他有德者生起嫉妒,能破壞自善根,亦壞
W04n0033_p0146a19║他人圓滿盛事,故是一切罪之出生處也。
W04n0033_p0146a20║  未二、障彼即障惡趣:
W04n0033_p0146a21║  是故若人恒趣求,破壞我之名聞等,
W04n0033_p0146a22║  豈非恒時防護我,免令墮於惡趣中。
W04n0033_p0146a23║  是故縱有補特伽羅,恒時勤求破壞我之名聞等,彼豈非恒時
W04n0033_p0146a24║防護免我墮於惡趣耶?何故瞋彼也。
W04n0033_p0146a25║  午二、能脫生死不應瞋彼。分二:
W04n0033_p0146a26║  未一、障名等即是令解脫生死故不應瞋;未二、即是閉眾苦
W04n0033_p0146a27║門故不應瞋。今初:
W04n0033_p0147a01║  為求解脫義利故,我不應為名利縛,
W04n0033_p0147a02║  若人為我解纏結,云何對彼生瞋恚。
W04n0033_p0147a03║  復次,我為求解脫生死義利者,不應為名利恭敬等生死纏結
W04n0033_p0147a04║所縛。若人障我名利即是解我纏結,云何瞋恨?應當歡喜也。
W04n0033_p0147a05║  未二、即是閉眾苦門故不應瞋:
W04n0033_p0147a06║  我將陷入苦趣中,猶如諸佛作加持,
W04n0033_p0147a07║  閉惡趣門不聽入,云何於彼生瞋恚。
W04n0033_p0147a08║  我欲趣入眾苦宅舍,彼如佛為作加持緊閉眾苦舍宅之門不
W04n0033_p0147a09║聽我入,云何瞋彼?是我大善知識,應歡喜也。
W04n0033_p0147a10║  辰二、於福德為障者不應瞋。分三:
W04n0033_p0147a11║  巳一、於福德為障者不應瞋;巳二、非是福德之障;巳三、作
W04n0033_p0147a12║應恭敬之境想。初中分二:
W04n0033_p0147a13║  午一、應安住殊勝難行;午二、於此事為障是我自為福德之
W04n0033_p0147a14║障。今初:
W04n0033_p0147a15║  謂彼能障礙福德,於彼生瞋亦非理,
W04n0033_p0147a16║  難行無如行忍辱,今我何不修安忍。
W04n0033_p0147a17║  若謂障礙世法者固不應瞋,此怨敵為佈施持戒等福德之障
W04n0033_p0147a18║礙,是應瞋恨。於彼亦不應瞋,若欲求福德,別餘難行,無可與忍
W04n0033_p0147a19║辱比並者,我何不修安耶?亦極應對之修忍也。
W04n0033_p0147a20║  午二、於此事為障是我自為福德之障:
W04n0033_p0147a21║  若唯由我之過失,於此怨敵不安忍,
W04n0033_p0147a22║  福德之因恒現前,但由我自為障礙。
W04n0033_p0147a23║  若由我瞋心太重之過失,於此怨敵不能容忍,彼敵之福德之
W04n0033_p0147a24║因,現在我前,若瞋於彼,是我自為福德之障礙而已,非彼為障
W04n0033_p0147a25║也。
W04n0033_p0147a26║  巳二、非是福德之障。分二:
W04n0033_p0147a27║  午一、總明;午二、喻成。今初:
W04n0033_p0148a01║  若無怨害忍不生,若有怨害成忍福,
W04n0033_p0148a02║  怨礙即是福德因,云何說彼為障礙。
W04n0033_p0148a03║  忍辱之福,絕無誰何能為損害,萬一有之,即有忍辱福德,彼
W04n0033_p0148a04║怨敵即是彼福德隨行親因,云何說彼為作障礙?於作饒益者說
W04n0033_p0148a05║為障礙不應理也。
W04n0033_p0148a06║  午二、喻成:
W04n0033_p0148a07║  時至而來求乞者,不可說為施障礙,
W04n0033_p0148a08║  亦如和尚阿闍黎,不可說為出家礙。
W04n0033_p0148a09║  如有財物歡喜欲施之時,有乞者來求,非於施作障礙,亦如
W04n0033_p0148a10║欲出家者,為出家之和尚阿闍黎,不應說為出家之礙也。
W04n0033_p0148a11║  巳三、作應恭敬之境想。分二:
W04n0033_p0148a12║  午一、是生功德者故應恭敬;午二、於大師應淨信恭敬。初
W04n0033_p0148a13║中分三:
W04n0033_p0148a14║  未一、於我作大饒益;未二、不觀待意樂之饒益及不觀待意
W04n0033_p0148a15║樂之功德;未三、視如大師。初中分三:
W04n0033_p0148a16║  申一、難得殊勝福田;申二、應於彼歡喜;申三、於彼應作利
W04n0033_p0148a17║益想。今初:
W04n0033_p0148a18║  較諸世間來乞者,作損惱者猶難得,
W04n0033_p0148a19║  以我若不損惱他,必無人來惱我故。
W04n0033_p0148a20║  忍辱福田,較佈施福田尤為難得,於彼應生歡喜。世間作損
W04n0033_p0148a21║害之福田,較來求乞者之福田尤為希有,何以故?我不如是於彼
W04n0033_p0148a22║作損惱,絕無人能以損惱報我故。
W04n0033_p0148a23║  申二、應於彼歡喜:
W04n0033_p0148a24║  如人無心未搜求,忽得家中大寶藏,
W04n0033_p0148a25║  得菩提道勝伴侶,倍應於彼生歡喜。
W04n0033_p0148a26║  彼殊勝忍辱福田,如人無心未加勤求,忽然家中發現寶藏
W04n0033_p0148a27║,是我修忍辱菩提行之助伴,我於此怨敵,倍應以報恩心而生歡喜
W04n0033_p0149a01║也。
W04n0033_p0149a02║  申三、於彼應作利益想:
W04n0033_p0149a03║  因彼及我起修行,後時成就忍辱果,
W04n0033_p0149a04║  應須於彼先迴向,彼是我修忍因故。
W04n0033_p0149a05║  若由彼怨敵與我共同成就此忍辱,則二者皆屬忍因,故忍辱
W04n0033_p0149a06║所得之菩提果,應發願先迴向彼作損害者,如是怨敵,是我成就
W04n0033_p0149a07║菩提之有力忍辱因故。
W04n0033_p0149a08║  未二、不觀待利益功德之心。分三:
W04n0033_p0149a09║  申一、無利益心不應便非供養境;申二、有損害心不應便非
W04n0033_p0149a10║供養境;申三、故於作忍辱所緣緣者應供養。今初:
W04n0033_p0149a11║  若無令我修忍想,謂不應供彼怨敵,
W04n0033_p0149a12║  正法堪為修行因,於彼亦何須供養。
W04n0033_p0149a13║  若謂彼無令我想續成就忍辱之想,不應供養,然正法為成辦
W04n0033_p0149a14║善行之因,又何故供養?當亦不應供養,無令生善之想故。
W04n0033_p0149a15║  申二、有損害心不應便非供養境:
W04n0033_p0149a16║  若謂彼有損害心,不應供養彼怨敵,
W04n0033_p0149a17║  勤求饒益如醫師,於彼云何修忍辱。
W04n0033_p0149a18║  或謂此不相同,彼怨敵於我有損害心故不應供養。若彼猶
W04n0033_p0149a19║如醫師,惟勤求利益安樂,即非所忍之境,我云何於彼修耐他怨
W04n0033_p0149a20║害忍?故於作損害者應歡喜也。
W04n0033_p0149a21║  申三、故於作忍辱所緣緣者應供養:
W04n0033_p0149a22║  故依極惡瞋害心,方能生起忍辱行,
W04n0033_p0149a23║  惟此是修忍辱因,堪受供養如法寶。
W04n0033_p0149a24║  依利益心,忍辱不能圓滿,依極重瞋心所作損害,方能生起
W04n0033_p0149a25║忍辱,故唯彼作損害者,是忍辱因,雖無利益心,亦應供養如法寶
W04n0033_p0149a26║也。
W04n0033_p0149a27║  未三、視如大師。分二:
W04n0033_p0150a01║  申一、廣說;申二、攝義。初中分三:
W04n0033_p0150a02║  酉一、經云有情與佛福田相等;酉二、理成;酉三、釋難。今
W04n0033_p0150a03║初:
W04n0033_p0150a04║  是故如來常宣說,眾生田即諸佛田,
W04n0033_p0150a05║  如是恭敬諸眾生,能令資糧速圓滿。
W04n0033_p0150a06║  於諸有情應當恭敬,故《法集經》云:「有情福田即是諸佛福
W04n0033_p0150a07║田,於諸佛法能證得者,較諸佛福田尤為殊勝,於此不應顛倒
W04n0033_p0150a08║也。」等下廣大福德種子之有情田稱為勝田,能仁說是積福德田
W04n0033_p0150a09║等如大師也。
W04n0033_p0150a10║  酉二、理成。分二:
W04n0033_p0150a11║  戊一、由敬佛及有情,均能成一切所欲;戊二、恭敬二者,均
W04n0033_p0150a12║能成佛,不應有取捨。今初:
W04n0033_p0150a13║  依諸有情及如來,能成佛法力等同。
W04n0033_p0150a14║  應恭敬一切有情,於佛及此等有情敬信者,多能究竟圓滿二
W04n0033_p0150a15║資糧故。
W04n0033_p0150a16║  戊二、恭敬二者,均能成佛,不應有取捨:
W04n0033_p0150a17║  當敬有情如諸佛,不能如是是何理。
W04n0033_p0150a18║  是故從有情及佛二種福田,同能成佛法力等之果,惟恭敬
W04n0033_p0150a19║佛,而於有情不如是恭敬,其理何在?不應爾也。
W04n0033_p0150a20║  酉三、釋難。分三:
W04n0033_p0150a21║  戊一、釋功德不等,不應同一修信難;戊二、於二者生大信
W04n0033_p0150a22║心,同為成佛之因,故等應修信;戊三、供養僅具佛功德一分之有
W04n0033_p0150a23║情,福德無邊,故應信。今初:
W04n0033_p0150a24║  非唯由意樂功德,由彼果報二均等,
W04n0033_p0150a25║  依諸有情亦成佛,是故彼二相齊等。
W04n0033_p0150a26║  或難云:有情雖是福田,功德不等,故不應如佛供養。無過
W04n0033_p0150a27║非唯依彼二意樂功德而安立,由同為佛果之因相等,故於有情若
W04n0033_p0151a01║同一恭敬,亦為成佛之功德,故有情與佛同為福田也。
W04n0033_p0151a02║  戊二、於二者生大信心,同為成佛之因,故等應修信:
W04n0033_p0151a03║  供慈心者福無量,緣境有情殊勝故,
W04n0033_p0151a04║  信佛福德大無量,亦由如來境勝故,
W04n0033_p0151a05║  皆是能成佛法因,故許彼二相齊等。
W04n0033_p0151a06║  何故說供養具慈心者福德無邊?由慈心所緣境有情殊勝
W04n0033_p0151a07║故。信佛生福德者,亦由所信境佛殊勝故。信於二者同為成佛
W04n0033_p0151a08║法因一分,故許彼二同為應信之境也。
W04n0033_p0151a09║  戊三、供養僅具佛功德一分之有情,福德亦無邊,故應信:
W04n0033_p0151a10║  如來功德如大海,廣深無垠無與等,
W04n0033_p0151a11║  若人於此功德聚,但能顯現一少分,
W04n0033_p0151a12║  是人應受之供養,盡三界供猶嫌少。
W04n0033_p0151a13║  就意樂功德之一分而言,有情與佛實不相等,諸佛無邊功德
W04n0033_p0151a14║大海,廣博淵深難可測量,任何人之功德,不能與等故。功德雖
W04n0033_p0151a15║不相等,然一佛所有無比微妙廣大功德蘊聚,若有補特伽羅僅能
W04n0033_p0151a16║表現其一微少分,以盡三界一切物而供養之,猶嫌其少,其他何
W04n0033_p0151a17║足道乎?
W04n0033_p0151a18║  申二、攝義:
W04n0033_p0151a19║  於諸有情若具足,能生微妙佛法分,
W04n0033_p0151a20║  僅依此分而較量,有情亦應受供養。
W04n0033_p0151a21║  於佛功德雖不相等,然諸有情,亦有彼微妙法生因之一分,
W04n0033_p0151a22║僅表現此一分,於諸有情,亦應如佛恭敬供養也。
W04n0033_p0151a23║  午二、於大師應淨信恭敬。分二:
W04n0033_p0151a24║  未一、於等視有情攝如一子者應當恭敬;未二、結明故於有
W04n0033_p0151a25║情亦應恭敬。初中分三:
W04n0033_p0151a26║  申一、成辦如來所欲之主要方便;申二、懺昔所作令佛不歡
W04n0033_p0151a27║喜之事;申三、後誓不再造。初中分二:
W04n0033_p0152a01║  酉一、明是於佛知恩報恩之主要方便;酉二、成辦此事。今
W04n0033_p0152a02║初:
W04n0033_p0152a03║  復次於諸不請友,為作無量饒益者,
W04n0033_p0152a04║  若不敬事於有情,餘事何能報恩者。
W04n0033_p0152a05║  復次,於有情應恭敬之故,不待勸請,大悲激引,為一切眾生
W04n0033_p0152a06║親友,以加行為作無量饒益之諸佛,除以恭敬有情勉圖報稱外,
W04n0033_p0152a07║別餘方便何能報恩?諸佛歡喜之殊勝供養,無過於利益有情故。
W04n0033_p0152a08║  酉二、成辦此事。分三:
W04n0033_p0152a09║  戊一、忍有情損惱;戊二、斷緣有情所生驕慢;戊三、斷除損
W04n0033_p0152a10║害。今初:
W04n0033_p0152a11║  為誰捨身甘心入地獄,饒益於彼即為報佛恩,
W04n0033_p0152a12║  是故彼雖為我大損害,終不瞋恚甘心恒順承。
W04n0033_p0152a13║  諸佛為有情故,寧捨身命,乃至甘心入無間獄,若饒益有情,
W04n0033_p0152a14║即為報能仁恩,故此諸有情,縱於我作任何重大之損害,我不唯
W04n0033_p0152a15║不應瞋恚,且誓於一切門恭敬而行,成辦彼一切利益安樂,應勉
W04n0033_p0152a16║力也。
W04n0033_p0152a17║  戊二、斷緣有情所生驕慢:
W04n0033_p0152a18║  若即如來聖主我所尊,為利有情尚不顧身命,
W04n0033_p0152a19║  云何我於彼前愚無識,我慢縱傲不肯作臣民。
W04n0033_p0152a20║  復次,若即我所尊如來聖主,尚為有情故,不惜自身,為作義
W04n0033_p0152a21║利,我云何於彼有情愚昧不識,驕傲我慢,而不為唯命是從之臣
W04n0033_p0152a22║僕?應斷我慢起恭敬也。
W04n0033_p0152a23║  戊三、斷除損害。分二:
W04n0033_p0152a24║  亥一、不應作損害之理;亥二、若損害有情非令諸佛歡喜之
W04n0033_p0152a25║道。今初:
W04n0033_p0152a26║  若誰安樂諸佛即歡喜,誰遭損惱佛心不悅生,
W04n0033_p0152a27║  有情歡喜諸佛即歡喜,損惱有情即傷如來心。
W04n0033_p0153a01║  凡有情安樂諸佛即歡喜,若彼受損惱佛心即不悅樂。若饒
W04n0033_p0153a02║益有情令彼歡喜,即是以上妙供養令一切能仁自在歡喜,若於彼
W04n0033_p0153a03║有情作損惱,即於能仁作損惱也。
W04n0033_p0153a04║  亥二、若損害有情非令諸佛歡喜之道:
W04n0033_p0153a05║  若人逼身烈火所燒燃,一切妙欲不能令心安,
W04n0033_p0153a06║  若人損惱有情亦如是,更無餘法可使佛歡喜。
W04n0033_p0153a07║  以此之故,如人遍身烈火熾然,一切食等諸妙五欲,不能令
W04n0033_p0153a08║心安樂,若於有情作損害,更無法可令諸佛歡喜,亦猶如是。
W04n0033_p0153a09║  申二、懺昔所作令佛不歡喜之事:
W04n0033_p0153a10║  是故由我損惱諸有情,所有諸大悲者不喜事,
W04n0033_p0153a11║  一切現今各各皆懺悔,所有諸罪願佛悉鑒原。
W04n0033_p0153a12║  若損惱有情,令諸佛不喜,是故我昔損惱有情,所有令諸大
W04n0033_p0153a13║悲者心不歡喜之罪,願今各各懺悔無有覆藏,所有因損惱有情而
W04n0033_p0153a14║心不歡喜者,願乞悉皆鑒宥容恕也。
W04n0033_p0153a15║  申三、後誓不再造:
W04n0033_p0153a16║  為令一切如來歡喜故,從今誓為世間作僕使,
W04n0033_p0153a17║  假令眾生踐我頂上行,至死不報為令世依喜。
W04n0033_p0153a18║  為求諸如來歡喜故,應承許從今決定調伏害心,誓為世
W04n0033_p0153a19║間臣僕。誓者謂承許以堅固精進為世間之僕使也。縱使眾多眾生,
W04n0033_p0153a20║以足踐我頂上而行,我亦忍受至死不報,願諸世間依怙悉皆歡喜
W04n0033_p0153a21║也。
W04n0033_p0153a22║  未二、結明故於有情亦應恭敬:
W04n0033_p0153a23║  大悲體性於一切眾生,修自他撫成就定無疑,
W04n0033_p0153a24║  若見有情自性即如來,於如來身何故不恭謹。
W04n0033_p0153a25║  大悲體性諸佛,於此一切眾生,由修自他平等及互換,悉攝
W04n0033_p0153a26║為自體,無有猶豫,既見有情體性,知彼等即是我諸依怙者,於彼
W04n0033_p0153a27║恭敬是諸佛所許,何故於彼不恭敬?應恭敬也。
W04n0033_p0154a01║  子二、忍之功德。分三:
W04n0033_p0154a02║  丑一、總明;丑二、喻釋功德;丑三、結明功德相數。今初:
W04n0033_p0154a03║  此事能令如來心歡喜,此事能令自義決定成,
W04n0033_p0154a04║  此事能除世間諸苦惱,是故我應恒時如是行。
W04n0033_p0154a05║  耐諸有情怨害且作恭敬,即是令諸如來歡喜之殊勝方便,令
W04n0033_p0154a06║自相續資糧圓滿故,正真成辦自利,亦是能成他利之殊勝方便。
W04n0033_p0154a07║此事亦即能除世間諸苦,究竟二利,是故我恒應修三種安忍也。
W04n0033_p0154a08║  丑二、喻釋功德。分二:
W04n0033_p0154a09║  寅一、就功德增上顯喻及法;寅二、明勝所舉喻。初中分二:
W04n0033_p0154a10║  卯一、喻;卯二、法。今初:
W04n0033_p0154a11║  喻如王臣有一人,於諸人民作損惱,
W04n0033_p0154a12║  眾多人民遠見者,雖能為損不報復,
W04n0033_p0154a13║  非彼王臣一人力,國王威勢為其助。
W04n0033_p0154a14║  喻如國王眷從中有一人,損害諸人民,人民具遠見者,觀後
W04n0033_p0154a15║來得失,雖能於諸眷從作損害,仍不報復,非彼從者一人之力能
W04n0033_p0154a16║令如是,國王威力為其助也。
W04n0033_p0154a17║  卯二、法:
W04n0033_p0154a18║  故雖輕微損惱事,寧死亦勿傷害他,
W04n0033_p0154a19║  獄卒及諸大悲者,悉皆為彼援助故。
W04n0033_p0154a20║  如是雖極輕微之損惱,亦寧死勿以傷害他人,異熟所感地獄
W04n0033_p0154a21║鬼卒,及具大悲諸佛佛子不歡喜,皆為彼援助故。
W04n0033_p0154a22║  寅二、明勝行舉喻:
W04n0033_p0154a23║  是故如民怖暴君,於諸有情當恭敬,
W04n0033_p0154a24║  縱令國王赫然怒,豈能為作大災害。
W04n0033_p0154a25║  如於有情不恭敬,墮於地獄所受苦,
W04n0033_p0154a26║  縱於國王作恭敬,豈能施我大菩提,
W04n0033_p0154a27║  如由恭敬於有情,便能令我成就者。
W04n0033_p0155a01║  是故於諸有情應當恭敬,猶如臣民,畏其暴君,縱令如國王
W04n0033_p0155a02║者忿怒,彼能作災害,如由不敬有情應受地獄之苦否?不能也。
W04n0033_p0155a03║縱令如國王者歡喜,亦未能賜汝佛果,如由恭敬有情所得也。
W04n0033_p0155a04║  丑三、結明功德相數。分三:
W04n0033_p0155a05║  寅一、究竟果;寅二、現法果;寅三、異熟果。今初:
W04n0033_p0155a06║  當觀未來成佛果,尚由恭敬有情生。
W04n0033_p0155a07║  思維由恭敬有情所生之果,未來成佛之功德,應知當修忍辱
W04n0033_p0155a08║恭敬有情。言觀待現後世分位之果亦應修忍也。昔人釋此義,
W04n0033_p0155a09║言證佛果難,故言尚且,其說非是。今生現法之果雖易見,後世
W04n0033_p0155a10║之果極秘密,較證佛果猶難。諸大乘共許佛不依經教成理智能
W04n0033_p0155a11║證「因果」極秘密義,其後方證故。
W04n0033_p0155a12║  寅二、現法果:
W04n0033_p0155a13║  名聞安樂大吉祥,即生成辦何不睹。
W04n0033_p0155a14║  由忍能生現法,今生即圓滿增盛,光榮廣大,善美名聞,安樂
W04n0033_p0155a15║歡喜,汝何不見?故於有情,應勤恭敬也。
W04n0033_p0155a16║  寅三、異熟果:
W04n0033_p0155a17║  由修忍辱輪迴中,成就端嚴無病果,
W04n0033_p0155a18║  名稱普聞極長壽,輪王大樂亦能成。
W04n0033_p0155a19║  生死輪迴之時,由忍能令色相端嚴,眷屬圓滿,無病康寧,具
W04n0033_p0155a20║大名稱,長壽久住,轉輪王等廣大安樂,亦能得之。
W04n0033_p0155a21║  總之既於瞋忿心重,善法熱忱死滅,魔及心不悅等相違品類
W04n0033_p0155a22║了知已,便應勤修耐他怨害忍、安受眾苦忍、諦察法忍,以為對
W04n0033_p0155a23║治,令暇滿所依成就義利也。
W04n0033_p0155a24║  攝頌云:縱令歷劫修行施等善,瞋恚火焰剎那亦能摧,故應
W04n0033_p0155a25║再再修行生忍力,纖微罅隙勿開瞋恚門。
W04n0033_p0155a26║  壬二、出品名:
W04n0033_p0155a27║  入菩薩行論廣解佛子津梁釋忍辱品第六
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