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【經文資訊】藏外佛教文獻 第一冊 No. 13《大方廣華嚴十惡品經》
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W01n0013_p0359a02║  大方廣華嚴十惡品經
W01n0013_p0359a03║    整理者 徐紹強
W01n0013_p0359a04║
W01n0013_p0359a05║  〔題解〕
W01n0013_p0359a06║  《大方廣華嚴十惡品經》,又名《大方廣華嚴十惡經》、《大方廣華
W01n0013_p0359a07║嚴經十惡品》、《華嚴十惡經》。是中國人假佛說所撰經典。作者不
W01n0013_p0359a08║詳。一卷。
W01n0013_p0359a09║  本經謂一切眾生若修善根,則應:一、不害眾生;二、不行放逸;
W01n0013_p0359a10║三、不飲酒;四、不食肉;五、常行大慈。然後著重論述了飲酒、食肉
W01n0013_p0359a11║的罪孽及斷食酒肉所得的福報。南北朝時,以梁武帝為首的中國佛
W01n0013_p0359a12║教信徒推行斷食酒肉運動(參見《廣弘明集》卷三十、卷三十一),本
W01n0013_p0359a13║經即該運動之產物,對研究中國佛教史有著重要價值。本經最早見
W01n0013_p0359a14║錄於《法經錄》卷二,入偽經錄。其後《仁壽錄》卷四、《內典錄》卷十、
W01n0013_p0359a15║《大周錄》卷十五、《開元錄》卷十八均有著錄,亦入偽經錄。本經為
W01n0013_p0359a16║我國歷代大藏經所不收,日本《大正藏》據斯1320號收入第85卷。
W01n0013_p0359a17║該號原殘,故錄文不全。
W01n0013_p0359a18║  整理本的底、校本情況如下:
W01n0013_p0359a19║   底本:北76號(柰59);
W01n0013_p0359a20║   校本:    甲本,北77號(洪47);
W01n0013_p0359a21║    乙本,北78號(芥45);
W01n0013_p0359a22║    丙本,北79號(河48);
W01n0013_p0359a23║    丁本,斯1320號;
W01n0013_p0359a24║    戊本,斯6790號;
W01n0013_p0359a25║    己本,斯5612號背面。
W01n0013_p0359a26║    敦煌遺書中另有俄藏孟1098號,李盛鐸舊藏1件。因條件所
W01n0013_p0360a01║  限,此次未能參校。
W01n0013_p0360a02║
W01n0013_p0360a03║  〔錄文〕
W01n0013_p0360a04║
W01n0013_p0360a05║大方廣華嚴十惡品經
W01n0013_p0360a06║
W01n0013_p0360a07║  大覺世尊將欲涅槃,若住一劫,若減一劫,為諸眾生除諸病
W01n0013_p0360a08║苦,可分別不?
W01n0013_p0360a09║  佛告迦葉:「為諸眾生在於世界,分別有二。何以故?生
W01n0013_p0360a10║苦為樂,生樂為苦。」
W01n0013_p0360a11║  佛告迦葉:「諦聽!諦聽!吾當為汝說正法要。何以故?譬
W01n0013_p0360a12║如有人身遇重病,寢臥床褥,心念大乘,常不放捨。譬如有人遠到他
W01n0013_p0360a13║方,空山迥野,有恐懼之心,心念大乘,常不放捨。譬如有人繫在
W01n0013_p0360a14║獄中,枷杻著身,心念大乘,常不放捨。譬如有人貧窮,衣不
W01n0013_p0360a15║蓋形,食不充口,心念大乘,常不放捨。如是之人,是真菩薩,則非凡
W01n0013_p0360a16║夫。諸善男子!譬如國王,統領國事,多饒金銀、真珠、摩尼、車
W01n0013_p0361a01║渠、瑪瑙、珊瑚、琥珀、珍寶、瓔珞,不念大乘,死入地獄。譬如
W01n0013_p0361a02║凡夫,在於世界,多饒奴婢,象馬牛羊、絹帛布疋、大小穀豆,皆以
W01n0013_p0361a03║具足,不念大乘,死入地獄。是故,今日生苦為樂,生樂為苦。」
W01n0013_p0361a04║  迦葉菩薩白佛言:「世尊!實如聖教!實如聖教!」
W01n0013_p0361a05║  迦葉菩薩復白佛言:「世尊!何者為善?」
W01n0013_p0361a06║  佛告迦葉:「一切眾生若修善根:一者,不害眾生;二者,不行放
W01n0013_p0361a07║逸;三者,不飲酒;四者,不食肉;五者,常行大慈。如是之人不斷善
W01n0013_p0361a08║根。」
W01n0013_p0361a09║  迦葉菩薩白佛言:「世尊!如佛所說,受佛教者,不聽飲酒。」
W01n0013_p0361a10║  佛告迦葉:「善哉!善哉!汝解我意。一切眾生不飲酒者,是
W01n0013_p0361a11║我真子,則非凡夫。善男子!飲酒者,或君不識臣,或臣不識君;或
W01n0013_p0361a12║子不識父,或父不識子;或弟不識兄,或兄不識弟;或姊不識
W01n0013_p0361a13║妹,或妹不識姊;或妻不識夫,或夫不識妻;或師不識弟子,或弟子
W01n0013_p0361a14║不識師;或不識內外眷屬。善男子!現前顛倒,何況未來?善男子!
W01n0013_p0361a15║一切眾生不食酒、肉者,得發阿耨多羅三藐三菩提心。」
W01n0013_p0362a01║  爾時,世尊告諸大眾言:「善男子!汝好諦聽!諦聽!舍
W01n0013_p0362a02║婆提國有吉槃陀女,為人沽酒,釵梳落在井中。八萬羅漢圍繞井
W01n0013_p0362a03║住,汲水飲之,即便昏醉,不識如來。爾時,如來為諸羅漢演說法要。
W01n0013_p0362a04║是諸羅漢既聞法已,酒便得醒,來至佛所,白佛言:世尊!我今修道,
W01n0013_p0362a05║得四道果,何故今日不識如來?佛告諸善男子:舍婆提國有吉槃陀
W01n0013_p0362a06║女,為人沽酒,釵梳落在井中,汝今飲水以便昏醉。我今為汝除
W01n0013_p0362a07║卻顛倒,汝今見我,汝生恐心。吉槃陀女為人受苦,墮鋸床地獄,
W01n0013_p0362a08║鋸此女身作其百段,吹令微塵,還復聚合。受形訖竟,身長三尺,顏
W01n0013_p0362a09║色青黑,頭上無毛,兩耳閉塞,復無兩目,亦無鼻孔,下唇蹇
W01n0013_p0362a10║哆,手無十指,腳無兩足。皆由沽酒,豈況飲酒之人?雖先
W01n0013_p0362a11║飲酒,又乃發露,心生重悔,如懷慚愧,又莫更飲。譬如有人身遇
W01n0013_p0362a12║重病,乃值良師繼藥塗之,因藥得瘥。懺悔之人亦復如是,心生重
W01n0013_p0363a01║悔,又莫更飲,得發阿耨多羅三藐三菩提心。」
W01n0013_p0363a02║  爾時,世尊告諸大眾言:「比丘、比丘尼、優婆塞、優婆夷,若
W01n0013_p0363a03║受五戒者,若受二百五十戒者,若受威儀具足戒者,若受戒者,不
W01n0013_p0363a04║聽飲酒!飲酒者,犯波羅提木叉罪。比丘、比丘尼若犯此者,
W01n0013_p0363a05║即入地獄;若凡夫人犯突吉羅罪,八萬劫中入於地獄。」
W01n0013_p0363a06║  迦葉菩薩白佛言:「世尊!酒亦無命,如來何故誡酒為苦?」
W01n0013_p0363a07║  佛告迦葉:「舍婆提國有鴦崛魔羅,飲酒醉亂,淫匿其母,煞戮
W01n0013_p0363a08║其父。其母復與外人共通,持刀害之。是故,今日誡酒為苦。」
W01n0013_p0363a09║  爾時,世尊告迦葉菩薩言:「佛子!我誡諸白衣及出家等受我戒
W01n0013_p0363a10║者,不聽酌酒與人,不聽到酒家,不聽強勸人酒,不聽共人麴
W01n0013_p0363a11║釀。聲聞弟子,亦復如是。菩薩摩訶薩制心,聲聞制形。善男子!
W01n0013_p0363a12║不聽酌酒與比丘!若與者,五百世無臂。共比丘麴釀酒,五百世耳
W01n0013_p0363a13║聾,耳聽隔絕,常不聞聲句。語比丘酒家者,五百世為啞,口不
W01n0013_p0364a01║能語。強勸比丘酒者,墮截膝地獄,縱廣八萬由旬,縱廣正等,其
W01n0013_p0364a02║中力士其數五百,造其刀劍,截其兩膝;強勸比丘酒者,亦復如是。」
W01n0013_p0364a03║  迦葉菩薩白佛言:「世尊!食肉者得何等罪?」
W01n0013_p0364a04║  佛告迦葉:「善哉!善哉!一切眾生不食肉者,是吾遺腹子,則
W01n0013_p0364a05║非凡夫。善男子!一切眾生若受大乘大般涅槃。善男子!一切
W01n0013_p0364a06║眾生若住一劫,不聽食肉!若食肉者,即食父母、眷屬肉。」
W01n0013_p0364a07║  迦葉菩薩白佛言:「世尊!食肉者墮何處地獄?」
W01n0013_p0364a08║  佛告迦葉:「食肉者墮阿鼻地獄。縱廣正等八萬由旬,四方有
W01n0013_p0364a09║門,一一門外各有猛火,東西南北交過徹地,周匝鐵牆,鐵網彌覆,
W01n0013_p0364a10║其地赤鐵,上火徹下,下火徹上;鐵枷、鐵鈕、鐵[金*行]、鐵鏟,持火燒
W01n0013_p0364a11║之。驅食肉之人入此地獄,受其大苦,心生重悔而懷慚愧,又莫更
W01n0013_p0364a12║食。猶如濁水,置之明珠,以珠威力,水即為清。如煙雲除,月則
W01n0013_p0364a13║清明。作惡能悔,亦復如是。」
W01n0013_p0364a14║  佛告迦葉:「一切眾生食肉者,斷大慈種;不食肉者,有大功
W01n0013_p0364a15║德,百千萬分不如其一。」
W01n0013_p0365a01║  迦葉菩薩白佛言:「世尊!煮肉、炙肉、斬肉、煞生之人,分別幾
W01n0013_p0365a02║處?」
W01n0013_p0365a03║  佛告迦葉:「煮肉者墮鑊湯地獄。縱廣五百由旬,其中有水,
W01n0013_p0365a04║其下有火,持火燒之,潰潰乃沸。驅煮肉之人入此地獄,受其大苦。
W01n0013_p0365a05║炙肉之人墮炙床地獄,縱廣八萬由旬,其上有鐵床,其下有
W01n0013_p0365a06║火,持火燒之。驅炙肉之人臥之在上,肉乾燋爛,受其大苦。斬
W01n0013_p0365a07║肉之人墮剉碓地獄,其中力士其數五百,斬令萬段,吹令微塵,還復
W01n0013_p0365a08║受形,即還斬之,受其大苦。」
W01n0013_p0365a09║  迦葉菩薩白佛言:「世尊!食肉者,非如來弟子,即是外道眷屬
W01n0013_p0365a10║也。」
W01n0013_p0365a11║  佛告迦葉:「食肉者,不覺不知,不聞不見。若當食肉,或臣
W01n0013_p0365a12║食君肉,或君食臣肉;或子食父肉,或父食子肉;或弟食兄肉,或兄
W01n0013_p0365a13║食弟肉;或妹食姊肉,或姊食妹肉;或妻食夫肉,或夫食妻肉;或食
W01n0013_p0365a14║內、外眷屬肉。」
W01n0013_p0366a01║  佛告迦葉:「食肉之人,即食父母、眷屬肉。」
W01n0013_p0366a02║  迦葉菩薩白佛言:「世尊!食肉者墮何處地獄?」
W01n0013_p0366a03║  佛告迦葉:「食肉者,墮糞穢地獄。縱廣正等八萬由旬,其中有
W01n0013_p0366a04║糞,乃深萬丈。驅食肉之人入此地獄,受其大苦,五百萬世無有出
W01n0013_p0366a05║期。善男子!食肉者,猶如群狗爭骨,各各貪多。食肉之人亦復
W01n0013_p0366a06║如是。善男子!斬肉者即斬其父,割肉者即割其母。譬如父
W01n0013_p0366a07║死,必作牛羊,持刀害之,即是其父。一切眾生,心則顛倒。食肉者
W01n0013_p0366a08║即食父肉,嚙骨者即嚙父骨,若飲肉汁者即飲父血。善男子!
W01n0013_p0366a09║一切眾生若有慚愧,不應食肉!雖先食肉,又能發露,心生重悔,
W01n0013_p0366a10║亦發阿耨多羅三藐三菩提心。」
W01n0013_p0366a11║  迦葉菩薩白佛言:「世尊!唯願如來為我解說,破齋者墮何處地
W01n0013_p0366a12║獄?」
W01n0013_p0366a13║  佛告迦葉:「破齋者墮餓鬼地獄。其中餓鬼身長五百由旬,其咽
W01n0013_p0366a14║如針,頭如太山,手如龍爪,朝食三千,暮食八百,一呼三萬。
W01n0013_p0366a15║驅破齋之人入此地獄,受其大苦;復離此地獄,繞其太山,猶如
W01n0013_p0367a01║須彌;持火燒之,猶如緋色。驅破齋之人將背倚之,肉乾燋爛,受
W01n0013_p0367a02║其大苦;復離此苦,轉形更受。善男子!若食齋訖者,或裹服
W01n0013_p0367a03║齋食與父母、兄弟、君臣、師長、朋友、知識,未來世中墮鐵輪地
W01n0013_p0367a04║獄,左腋入,右脅出,融銅灌口。若受齋食者,亦復如是。」
W01n0013_p0367a05║  佛言:「食雞肉者,當墮地獄;三人共償倍半,相迎同入地獄。」
W01n0013_p0367a06║  迦葉菩薩白佛言:「世尊!實如聖教!實如聖教!」
W01n0013_p0367a07║  迦葉菩薩白佛言:「世尊!唯願如來為我解說,不飲酒、不食
W01n0013_p0367a08║肉者,得幾所福?」
W01n0013_p0367a09║  佛告迦葉:「假使有人,象馬牛羊、琉璃、珍寶、瓔珞、國城、妻
W01n0013_p0367a10║子,持用布施,猶亦不如有人能斷酒、肉,百千萬分不如其一。復
W01n0013_p0367a11║置是事,假使有人,百千兩金遍滿三千大千世界,持用布施,猶亦不
W01n0013_p0367a12║如有人能斷酒、肉,百千萬分不如其一。復置是事,假使有人,
W01n0013_p0367a13║能鑄金為人數百,持用布施,猶亦不如有人能斷酒、肉,百千萬分
W01n0013_p0367a14║不如其一。復置是事,假使有人,造作幡華寶蓋,遍滿三千大千
W01n0013_p0368a01║世界,猶亦不如有人能斷酒、肉,百千萬分不如其一。復置是事,假
W01n0013_p0368a02║使有人,造大浮圖寶塔,簷簷相次,如稻麻竹葦,上至梵天,不如
W01n0013_p0368a03║有人能斷酒、肉,百千萬分不如其一。善男子!不食肉者,現世菩
W01n0013_p0368a04║薩,則非凡夫。善男子!不食肉者,常無肉想;食肉之人已
W01n0013_p0368a05║見豬、羊、雞、雉,即生肉想,見而生害。以是義故,不聽食肉!」
W01n0013_p0368a06║  迦葉菩薩白佛言:「世尊!實如聖教!實如聖教!」
W01n0013_p0368a07║  佛告迦葉:「一切眾生,譬如有人年已八十,貧窮孤老,後
W01n0013_p0368a08║生一子,極甚憐愍,一手把金,一手把飯,二團俱授,如過與子,
W01n0013_p0368a09║嬰兒爾時不識其金而取其飯。一切眾生亦復如是。我愍一切眾生,
W01n0013_p0368a10║猶如慈父。眾生不受我戒者,非我咎也。」
W01n0013_p0368a11║大方廣華嚴十惡品經
W01n0013_p0368a12║〔錄文完〕
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