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【經文資訊】正史佛教資料類編 第一冊 No. 1《正史佛教資料類編》
H01n0001_p0567a01║
H01n0001_p0567a02║
H01n0001_p0567a03║
H01n0001_p0567a04║  十毀佛
H01n0001_p0567a05║
H01n0001_p0567a06║   孫綝壞浮屠祠,斬道人
H01n0001_p0567a07║  (孫)綝遣將軍孫耽送亮之國,徙尚於零陵,遷公主於豫章。綝意彌
H01n0001_p0567a08║溢,侮慢民神,遂燒大橋頭伍子胥廟,又壞浮屠祠,斬道人。
H01n0001_p0567a09║    (《三國誌》卷六十四《吳書.孫綝傳》1449)
H01n0001_p0567a10║
H01n0001_p0567a11║   詔州坑沙門,毀諸佛像
H01n0001_p0567a12║  (太平真君七年)三月,詔諸州坑沙門,毀諸佛像。徒長安城工巧二
H01n0001_p0567a13║千家於京師。車駕旋軫,幸洛水,分軍誅李閏叛羌。
H01n0001_p0567a14║    (《魏書》卷四下《世祖紀四下》100)
H01n0001_p0567a15║
H01n0001_p0567a16║   鄴城毀五層佛圖
H01n0001_p0567a17║  (太平真君七年)夏四月甲申,車駕至自長安。戊子,鄴城毀五層佛
H01n0001_p0567a18║圖,於泥像中得玉璽二,其文皆曰「受命於天,既壽永昌」,其一刻其旁曰
H01n0001_p0567a19║「魏所受漢傳國璽。」
H01n0001_p0567a20║    (《魏書》卷四下《世祖紀四下》101)
H01n0001_p0567a21║
H01n0001_p0567a22║   詔沙門不得去寺
H01n0001_p0567a23║  (延興二年四月)癸酉,詔沙門不得去寺,浮遊民間,行者仰以公文。
H01n0001_p0567a24║    (《魏書》卷七上《高祖紀七上》137)
H01n0001_p0567a25║
H01n0001_p0567a26║   討沙門法秀
H01n0001_p0567a27║  大駕行幸三川,(苟)頹留守京師,沙門法秀謀反,頹率禁衛收掩畢
H01n0001_p0567a28║獲,內外晏然。
H01n0001_p0567a29║    (《魏書》卷四十四《苟頹傳》994)
H01n0001_p0567a30║
H01n0001_p0568a01║   討沙門法秀
H01n0001_p0568a02║  (於栗磾)長子烈……從幸中山,車駕還次肆州,司空苟頹表沙門法
H01n0001_p0568a03║秀[言*玄]惑百姓,潛謀不軌,詔烈與吏部尚書□丞祖馳驛討之。會秀已平,轉
H01n0001_p0568a04║左衛將軍,賜爵昌國子。
H01n0001_p0568a05║    (《魏書》卷三十一《於栗磾傳》737)
H01n0001_p0568a06║
H01n0001_p0568a07║   誅沙門法秀
H01n0001_p0568a08║  沙門法秀謀反,伏誅。……詔曰:「法秀妖詐亂常,妄說符瑞,蘭台御
H01n0001_p0568a09║史張求等一百餘人,招結奴隸,謀為大逆,有司科以族誅,誠合刑憲。」
H01n0001_p0568a10║    (《魏書》卷七上《高祖紀七上》150)
H01n0001_p0568a11║
H01n0001_p0568a12║   沙門法秀謀逆
H01n0001_p0568a13║  及沙門法秀謀逆,事發,多所牽引。(王)睿曰:「與其殺不辜,寧赦有
H01n0001_p0568a14║罪。宜梟斬首惡,餘從疑赦,不亦善乎?」高祖從之,得免者千餘人。
H01n0001_p0568a15║    (《魏書》卷九十三《王睿傳》1988)
H01n0001_p0568a16║
H01n0001_p0568a17║   沙門法秀反
H01n0001_p0568a18║  魏誠弟亮,字平誠。承明初,擢為中散。告沙門法秀反,遷冠軍將軍,
H01n0001_p0568a19║賜爵永寧侯,加給事中。
H01n0001_p0568a20║    (《魏書》卷九十三《恩倖傳》1995)
H01n0001_p0568a21║
H01n0001_p0568a22║   平季與沙門法秀謀反
H01n0001_p0568a23║  平季,字稚穆,燕國薊人。祖濟,武威太守。父雅,州秀才,與沙門法
H01n0001_p0568a24║秀謀反,伏誅。
H01n0001_p0568a25║    (《魏書》卷九十四《閹官傳》2032)
H01n0001_p0568a26║
H01n0001_p0568a27║   賒彌國不信佛法
H01n0001_p0568a28║  賒彌國,在波知之南,山居。不信佛法,專事諸神。亦附厭噠。東有
H01n0001_p0568a29║缽盧勒國,路險,緣鐵鎖而度,下不見底。熙平中,宋雲等竟不能達。
H01n0001_p0568a30║    (《魏書》卷一百二《西域志》2280)
H01n0001_p0568a31║
H01n0001_p0569a01║   進兵焚佛寺門屋
H01n0001_p0569a02║  阿於子、段暢以千騎投周。周軍攻東門,際昏,遂入。進兵焚佛寺門
H01n0001_p0569a03║屋,飛焰照天地。
H01n0001_p0569a04║    (《北齊書》卷十一《文襄六王傳》150)
H01n0001_p0569a05║
H01n0001_p0569a06║   王則舊京取像,毀以鑄錢
H01n0001_p0569a07║  (王)則性貪惏,在州取受非法,舊京取像,毀以鑄錢,於時世號河陽
H01n0001_p0569a08║錢,皆出其家。
H01n0001_p0569a09║    (《北齊書》卷二十《王則傳》272)
H01n0001_p0569a10║
H01n0001_p0569a11║   周氏滅佛法
H01n0001_p0569a12║  法和始於百里洲造壽王寺,既架佛殿,更截樑柱,曰:「後四十許年佛
H01n0001_p0569a13║法當遭雷電,此寺幽僻,可以免難。」及魏平開荊州,宮室焚燼,總管欲發
H01n0001_p0569a14║取壽王佛殿,嫌其材短,乃停。後周氏滅佛法,此寺隔在陳境,故不及難。
H01n0001_p0569a15║    (《北齊書》卷三十二《陸法和傳》430)
H01n0001_p0569a16║
H01n0001_p0569a17║   僧尼道士盡皆執役
H01n0001_p0569a18║  於是以蕭摩訶為皇畿大都督……分兵鎮守要害,僧尼道士盡皆執役。
H01n0001_p0569a19║    (《南史》卷十《陳本紀下第十》308)
H01n0001_p0569a20║
H01n0001_p0569a21║   陳慶之斬僧強
H01n0001_p0569a22║  (陳慶之)出為北兗州刺史、都督緣淮諸軍事。曾有祅賊沙門僧強自
H01n0001_p0569a23║稱為帝,土豪蔡伯寵起兵應之,攻陷北徐州。詔慶之討焉。慶之斬伯寵、
H01n0001_p0569a24║僧強,傳其首。
H01n0001_p0569a25║    (《南史》卷六十一《陳慶之傳》1500)
H01n0001_p0569a26║
H01n0001_p0569a27║   禁私養沙門
H01n0001_p0569a28║  (太延五年)戊申,詔自王公已下至於庶人,私養沙門、巫及金銀工巧
H01n0001_p0569a29║之人在其家者,皆遣詣官曹,限今年二月十五日。過期不出,巫、沙門身
H01n0001_p0569a30║死,主人門誅。庚戌,詔自三公已下至於卿士,其子息皆詣太學,其百工伎
H01n0001_p0570a01║巧騶卒子息當習其父兄所業,不聽私立學校,違者師身死,主人門誅。
H01n0001_p0570a02║    (《北史》卷二《魏本紀第二》56)
H01n0001_p0570a03║
H01n0001_p0570a04║   詔諸州坑沙門,毀諸佛像
H01n0001_p0570a05║  三月,詔諸州坑沙門,毀諸佛像,徙長安城內工巧二千家於京師。
H01n0001_p0570a06║  夏四月甲申,車駕至自長安。戊子,毀鄴城五層佛圖,於泥像中得玉
H01n0001_p0570a07║璽二,其文皆曰「受命於天,既壽永昌」。其一刻其旁曰「魏所受漢傳國
H01n0001_p0570a08║璽」。
H01n0001_p0570a09║    (《北史》卷二《魏本紀第二》58)
H01n0001_p0570a10║
H01n0001_p0570a11║   奚康生討涇州沙門劉慧汪
H01n0001_p0570a12║  (永平)二年春正月,涇州沙門劉慧汪聚眾反,詔華州刺史奚康生討
H01n0001_p0570a13║之。
H01n0001_p0570a14║    (《北史》卷四《魏本紀第四》138)
H01n0001_p0570a15║
H01n0001_p0570a16║   秦州捕斬沙門劉光秀
H01n0001_p0570a17║  (永平)三年春二月壬子,秦州沙門劉光秀謀反,州郡捕斬之。
H01n0001_p0570a18║    (《北史》卷四《魏本紀第四》139)
H01n0001_p0570a19║
H01n0001_p0570a20║   沙門法慶反於冀州
H01n0001_p0570a21║  夏六月,沙門法慶聚眾反於冀州,殺阜城令,自稱大乘。
H01n0001_p0570a22║    (《北史》卷四《魏本紀第四》144)
H01n0001_p0570a23║
H01n0001_p0570a24║   法慶被斬
H01n0001_p0570a25║  時冀州沙門法慶既為妖幻,遂說勃海人李歸伯。歸伯閤家從之,招
H01n0001_p0570a26║率鄉人,推法慶為主。法慶以歸伯為十住菩薩、平魔軍司、定漢王;自號
H01n0001_p0570a27║大乘。殺一人者為一住菩薩,殺十人者為十住菩薩。又合狂藥,令人服
H01n0001_p0570a28║之,父子兄弟不相知識,唯以殺害為事。刺史蕭寶寅遣兼長史崔伯驎討
H01n0001_p0570a29║之,敗於煮棗城,伯驎戰沒。凶眾遂盛,所在屠滅寺舍,斬戮僧尼,焚燒
H01n0001_p0570a30║經像,云:「新佛出世,除去眾魔。」詔以遙為使持節、都督北征諸軍事,討
H01n0001_p0571a01║破之。禽法慶,並其妻尼惠暉等,斬法慶,傳首京師,後禽歸伯,戮於都
H01n0001_p0571a02║市。
H01n0001_p0571a03║    (《北史》卷十七《景穆十二王傳上》634)
H01n0001_p0571a04║
H01n0001_p0571a05║   北周斷佛、道二教
H01n0001_p0571a06║  (建德三年)丙子,初斷佛、道二教,經像悉毀,罷沙門、道士,並令還
H01n0001_p0571a07║俗。並禁諸淫祀,非祀典所載者,盡除之。
H01n0001_p0571a08║    (《北史》卷十《周本紀下第十》360)
H01n0001_p0571a09║
H01n0001_p0571a10║   王文同毀法
H01n0001_p0571a11║  及帝征遼東,令(王)文同巡察河北諸郡,文同見沙門齋戒菜食者,以
H01n0001_p0571a12║為妖妄,皆收繫之。北至河間,召諸郡官人,小有遲違者,輒覆面於地而捶
H01n0001_p0571a13║殺之。求沙門相聚講論及長老共為佛會者數百人,文同以為聚結惑眾,盡
H01n0001_p0571a14║斬之。又悉裸僧尼,驗有淫狀非童男女者數千人,復將殺之。郡中士女,
H01n0001_p0571a15║號哭於路,諸郡驚駭,各奏其事。帝聞大怒,遣使者達奚善意馳鎖之,斬於
H01n0001_p0571a16║河間,以謝百姓。仇人剖其棺,臠其肉啖之,斯須咸盡。
H01n0001_p0571a17║    (《北史》卷八十七《酷吏傳》2903)
H01n0001_p0571a18║
H01n0001_p0571a19║   王文同毀法
H01n0001_p0571a20║  及帝征遼東,令文同巡察河北諸郡。文同見沙門齋戒菜食者,以為妖
H01n0001_p0571a21║妄,皆收繫獄。比至河間,召諸郡官人,小有遲違者,輒皆覆面於地而箠殺
H01n0001_p0571a22║之。求沙門相聚講論,及長老共為佛會者數百人,文同以為聚結惑眾,盡
H01n0001_p0571a23║斬之。又悉裸僧尼,驗有淫狀非童男女者數千人,復將殺之。郡中士女號
H01n0001_p0571a24║哭於路,諸郡驚駭,各奏其事。帝聞而大怒,遣使者達奚善意馳鎖之,斬於
H01n0001_p0571a25║河間,以謝百姓。讎人剖其棺,臠其肉而啖之,斯須咸盡。
H01n0001_p0571a26║    (《隋書》卷七十四《酷吏傳》1702)
H01n0001_p0571a27║
H01n0001_p0571a28║   自稱彌勒佛
H01n0001_p0571a29║  (大業)六年春正月癸亥朔,旦,有盜數十人,皆素冠練衣,焚香持華,
H01n0001_p0571a30║自稱彌勒佛,入自建國門。監門者皆稽首。既而奪衛士仗,將為亂。齊王
H01n0001_p0572a01║暕遇而斬之。於是都下大索,與相連坐者千餘家。
H01n0001_p0572a02║    (《隋書》卷三《煬帝傳上》74)
H01n0001_p0572a03║
H01n0001_p0572a04║   付奕上疏去釋教
H01n0001_p0572a05║  (武德)七年,(付)奕上疏請除去釋教,曰:
H01n0001_p0572a06║  佛在西域,言妖路遠,漢譯胡書,恣其假托。故使不忠不孝,削髮而揖
H01n0001_p0572a07║君親;游手游食,易服以逃租賦。演其妖書,述其邪法,偽啟三塗,謬張六
H01n0001_p0572a08║道,恐嚇愚夫,詐欺庸品。凡百黎庶,通識者稀,不察根源,信其矯詐。乃
H01n0001_p0572a09║追既往之罪,虛規將來之福。佈施一錢,希萬倍之報;持齋一日,冀百日之
H01n0001_p0572a10║糧。遂使愚迷,妄求功德,不憚科禁,輕犯憲章。其有造作惡逆,身墜刑
H01n0001_p0572a11║網,方乃獄中禮佛,口誦佛經,晝夜忘疲,規免其罪。且生死壽夭,由於自
H01n0001_p0572a12║然;刑德威福,關之人主。乃謂貧富貴賤,功業所招,而愚僧矯詐,皆云由
H01n0001_p0572a13║佛。竊人主之權,擅造化之力,其為害政,良可悲矣!
H01n0001_p0572a14║  案《書》云:「惟闢作福威,惟辟玉食。臣有作福、作威、玉食,害於而
H01n0001_p0572a15║家,凶於而國,人用側頗僻。」降自犧、農,至於漢、魏,皆無佛法,君明臣
H01n0001_p0572a16║忠,祚長年久。漢明帝假托夢想,始立胡神,西域桑門,自傳其法。西晉以
H01n0001_p0572a17║上,國有嚴科,不許中國之人,輒行髡髮之事。洎於苻、石,羌胡亂華,主庸
H01n0001_p0572a18║臣佞,政虐祚短,皆由佛教致災也。梁武、齊襄,足為明鏡。昔褒姒一女,
H01n0001_p0572a19║妖惑幽王,尚致亡國;況天下僧尼,數盈十萬,翦刻繒綵,裝束泥人,而為厭
H01n0001_p0572a20║魅,迷惑萬姓者乎!今之僧尼,請令匹配,即成十萬餘戶,產育男女,十年
H01n0001_p0572a21║長養,一紀教訓,自然益國,可以足兵。四海免蠶食之殃,百姓知威福所
H01n0001_p0572a22║在,則妖惑之風自革,淳樸之化還興。
H01n0001_p0572a23║  且古今忠諫,鮮不及禍。竊見齊朝章仇子他上表言:「僧尼徒眾,糜
H01n0001_p0572a24║損國家,寺塔奢侈,虛費金帛。」為諸僧附會宰相,對朝讒毀;諸尼依托妃
H01n0001_p0572a25║主,潛行謗讟。子他竟被囚執,刑於都市。及周武平齊,制封其墓。臣雖
H01n0001_p0572a26║不敏,竊慕其蹤。
H01n0001_p0572a27║  又上疏十一首,詞甚切直。高祖付群官詳議,唯太僕卿張道源稱奕奏
H01n0001_p0572a28║合理。中書令蕭瑀與之爭論曰:「佛,聖人也。奕為此議,非聖人者無法,
H01n0001_p0572a29║請置嚴刑。」奕曰:「禮本於事親,終於奉上,此則忠孝之理著,臣子之行
H01n0001_p0572a30║成。而佛逾城出家,逃背其父,以匹夫而抗天子,以繼體而悖所親。蕭瑀
H01n0001_p0573a01║非出於空桑,乃遵無父之教。臣聞非孝者無親,其瑀之謂矣!」瑀不能答,
H01n0001_p0573a02║但合掌曰:「地獄所設,正為是人。」高祖將從奕言,會傳位而止。
H01n0001_p0573a03║  奕武德九年五月密奏太白見秦分,秦王當有天下,高祖以狀授太宗。
H01n0001_p0573a04║及太宗嗣位,召奕賜之食,謂曰:「汝前所奏,幾累於我,然今後但須盡言,
H01n0001_p0573a05║無以前事為慮也。」太宗常臨朝謂奕曰:「佛道玄妙,聖跡可師,且報應顯
H01n0001_p0573a06║然,屢有征驗,卿獨不悟其理,何也?」奕對曰:「佛是胡中桀黠,欺誑夷狄,
H01n0001_p0573a07║初止西域,漸流中國。遵尚其教,皆是邪僻小人,模寫莊、老玄言,文飾妖
H01n0001_p0573a08║幻之教耳。於百姓無補,於國家有害。」太宗頗然之。
H01n0001_p0573a09║  貞觀十三年卒,年八十五。臨終誡其子曰:「老、莊玄一之篇,周、孔
H01n0001_p0573a10║《六經》之說,是為名教,汝宜習之。妖胡亂華,舉時皆惑,唯獨竊歎,眾不
H01n0001_p0573a11║我從,悲夫!汝等勿學也。古人裸葬,汝宜行之。」奕生平遇患,未嘗請醫
H01n0001_p0573a12║服藥,雖究陰陽數術之書,而並不之信。又嘗醉臥,蹶然起曰:「吾其死
H01n0001_p0573a13║矣!」因自為墓誌曰:「傅奕,青山白雲人也。因酒醉死,嗚呼哀哉!」其縱
H01n0001_p0573a14║達皆此類。注《老子》,並撰《音義》,又集魏、晉以來駁佛教者為《高識
H01n0001_p0573a15║傳》十卷,行於世。
H01n0001_p0573a16║    (《舊唐書》卷七十九《傅奕傳》2715)
H01n0001_p0573a17║
H01n0001_p0573a18║   嵩山僧圓淨被殺
H01n0001_p0573a19║  (元和十年)八月己亥朔,日有蝕之。丙寅,訶陵國遣使獻僧祇僮及
H01n0001_p0573a20║五色鸚鵡,頻伽鳥並異香名寶。丁未,淄青節度使李師道陰與嵩山僧圓淨
H01n0001_p0573a21║謀反,勇士數百人伏於東都進奏院,乘洛城無兵,欲竊發焚燒宮殿而肆行
H01n0001_p0573a22║剽掠。小將楊進、李再興告變,留守呂元膺乃出兵圍之,賊突圍而出,入嵩
H01n0001_p0573a23║岳,山棚盡擒之。訊其首,僧圓淨主謀也。僧臨刑歎曰:「誤我事,不得使
H01n0001_p0573a24║洛城流血!」    (《舊唐書》卷十五《憲宗傳下》454)
H01n0001_p0573a25║
H01n0001_p0573a26║   道士趙歸真排毀釋氏
H01n0001_p0573a27║  (會昌四年)三月……以道士趙歸真為左右街道門教授先生。時帝
H01n0001_p0573a28║志學神仙,師歸真。歸真乘寵,每對,排毀釋氏,言非中國之教,蠹耗生靈,
H01n0001_p0573a29║盡宜除去,帝頗信之。
H01n0001_p0573a30║    (《舊唐書》卷十八上《武宗紀》600)
H01n0001_p0573a31║
H01n0001_p0574a01║   衡山道士劉玄靖及歸真膠固排毀釋氏
H01n0001_p0574a02║  (會昌)五年春正月己酉朔,敕造望僊臺於南郊壇……歸真自以涉物
H01n0001_p0574a03║論,遂舉羅浮道士鄧元起有長年之術,帝遣中使迎之。由是與衡山道士劉
H01n0001_p0574a04║玄靖及歸真膠固,排毀釋氏,而拆寺之請行焉。
H01n0001_p0574a05║    (《舊唐書》卷十八上《武宗紀》603)
H01n0001_p0574a06║
H01n0001_p0574a07║   拆大寺材木修建
H01n0001_p0574a08║  會昌五年八月,中書門下奏:「東都太廟九室神主,共二十六座,自祿
H01n0001_p0574a09║山叛後,取太廟為軍營,神主棄於街巷,所司潛收聚,見在太微宮內新造小
H01n0001_p0574a10║屋之內。其太廟屋室並在,可以修崇。……如合置,望以所拆大寺材木修
H01n0001_p0574a11║建。既是宗室官居守,便望令充修東都太廟使,勾當修繕。」奉敕宜依。
H01n0001_p0574a12║    (《舊唐書》卷二十六《禮儀志六》983)
H01n0001_p0574a13║
H01n0001_p0574a14║   時廢浮圖法,以銅像鑄錢
H01n0001_p0574a15║  時廢浮圖法,以銅像鑄錢。(柳)仲郢為京畿鑄錢使,錢工欲於模加
H01n0001_p0574a16║「新」字,仲郢止之,唯淮南加「新」字,後竟為僧人取之為像設鐘磬。
H01n0001_p0574a17║    (《舊唐書》卷一百六十五《柳公綽傳》4306)
H01n0001_p0574a18║
H01n0001_p0574a19║   神策鎮將捕藍田縣念佛人
H01n0001_p0574a20║  尋而藍田縣人賀蘭進與里內五十餘人相聚念佛,神策鎮將皆捕之,以
H01n0001_p0574a21║為謀逆,當大辟。(高)元裕疑其冤,上疏請出賀蘭進等付台覆問,然後行
H01n0001_p0574a22║刑,從之。
H01n0001_p0574a23║    (《舊唐書》卷一百七十一《高元裕傳》4452)
H01n0001_p0574a24║
H01n0001_p0574a25║   葉法善排擠佛法
H01n0001_p0574a26║  (葉)法善自高宗、則天、中宗歷五十年,常往來名山,數召入禁中,盡
H01n0001_p0574a27║禮問道。然排擠佛法,議者或譏其向背。以其術高,終莫之測。睿宗即
H01n0001_p0574a28║位,稱法善有冥助之力,先天二年,拜鴻臚卿,封越國公,仍依舊為道士,止
H01n0001_p0574a29║於京師之景龍觀,又贈其父為歙州刺史。當時尊寵,莫與為比。
H01n0001_p0574a30║    (《舊唐書》卷一百九十一《方伎傳》5107)
H01n0001_p0574a31║
H01n0001_p0575a01║   會昌五年大毀佛寺
H01n0001_p0575a02║  (會昌五年)八月壬午,大毀佛寺,復僧尼為民。
H01n0001_p0575a03║    (《新唐書》卷八《宣宗紀》245)
H01n0001_p0575a04║
H01n0001_p0575a05║   唐武宗去浮圖之法甚銳
H01n0001_p0575a06║  (唐)武宗用一李德裕,逐成其功烈。然其奮然除去浮圖之法甚銳,
H01n0001_p0575a07║而躬受道家之菉,服藥以求長年。以此見其非明智之不惑者,特好惡有不
H01n0001_p0575a08║同爾。    (《新唐書》卷八《宣宗紀》253)
H01n0001_p0575a09║
H01n0001_p0575a10║   武宗即位,廢浮圖法
H01n0001_p0575a11║  武宗即位,廢浮圖法,天下毀寺四千六百、招提蘭若四萬,籍僧尼為民
H01n0001_p0575a12║二十六萬五千人,奴婢十五萬人,田數千萬頃,大秦穆護、祆二千餘人。上
H01n0001_p0575a13║都、東都每街留寺二,每寺僧三十人,諸道留僧以三等,不過二十人。腴田
H01n0001_p0575a14║鬻錢送戶部,中下田給寺家奴婢丁壯者為兩稅戶,人十畝。以僧尼既盡,
H01n0001_p0575a15║兩京悲田養病坊,給寺田十頃,諸州七頃,主以耆壽。
H01n0001_p0575a16║    (《新唐書》卷五十二《食貨志二》1361)
H01n0001_p0575a17║
H01n0001_p0575a18║   韓滉毀上元道、佛祠四十區
H01n0001_p0575a19║  (韓滉)毀上元道、佛祠四十區,修塢壁,起建業、抵京峴,樓雉相望。
H01n0001_p0575a20║    (《新唐書》卷一百二十六《韓休傳》4435)
H01n0001_p0575a21║
H01n0001_p0575a22║   佛祠乾木為攻具
H01n0001_p0575a23║  (朱)泚大治戰棚、雲橋,士皆懼,游環曰:「賊取佛祠乾木為攻具,可
H01n0001_p0575a24║以火之。」
H01n0001_p0575a25║    (《新唐書》卷一百五十六《韓游環傳》4904)
H01n0001_p0575a26║
H01n0001_p0575a27║   毀屬下浮屠私廬數千
H01n0001_p0575a28║  毀屬下浮屠私廬數千,以地予農。蜀先主祠旁有猱村,其民剔髮若浮
H01n0001_p0575a29║屠者,畜妻子自如,(李)德裕下令禁止。蜀風大變。
H01n0001_p0575a30║    (《新唐書》卷一百八十《李德裕傳》5332)
H01n0001_p0575a31║
H01n0001_p0576a01║   回紇火浮屠
H01n0001_p0576a02║  初,回紇至東京,放兵攘剽,人皆遁保聖善、白馬二祠浮屠避之,回紇
H01n0001_p0576a03║怒,火浮屠,殺萬餘人,及是益橫,詬折官吏,至以兵夜斫含光門,入鴻臚
H01n0001_p0576a04║寺。
H01n0001_p0576a05║    (《新唐書》卷二百一十七上《回鶻傳上》6119)
H01n0001_p0576a06║
H01n0001_p0576a07║   崔胤毀浮圖,以銅鐵為兵仗
H01n0001_p0576a08║  (朱)全忠知其意,陽相然許。(崔)胤乃毀浮圖,取銅鐵為兵仗。
H01n0001_p0576a09║    (《新唐書》卷二百二十三下《奸臣傳下》6358)
H01n0001_p0576a10║
H01n0001_p0576a11║   周世宗禁私度
H01n0001_p0576a12║  (周世宗柴榮)甲戌,大毀佛寺,禁民親無侍養而為僧尼及私自度者。
H01n0001_p0576a13║    (《新五代史》卷十二《世宗傳》119)
H01n0001_p0576a14║
H01n0001_p0576a15║   周世宗廢天下佛寺
H01n0001_p0576a16║  (周世宗)即位之明年,廢天下佛寺三千三百三十六。是時中國乏
H01n0001_p0576a17║錢,乃詔悉毀天下銅佛像以鑄錢,嘗曰:「吾聞佛說以身世為妄,而以利人
H01n0001_p0576a18║為急,使其真身尚在,苟利於世,猶欲割截,況此銅像,豈其所惜哉?」
H01n0001_p0576a19║    (《新五代史》卷十二《恭帝傳》125)
H01n0001_p0576a20║
H01n0001_p0576a21║   石昂禁其家不可以佛事污先人
H01n0001_p0576a22║  (石)昂父亦好學,平生不喜佛說,父死,昂於柩前誦《尚書》,曰:「此
H01n0001_p0576a23║吾先人之所欲聞也。」禁其家不可以佛事污吾先人。
H01n0001_p0576a24║    (《新五代史》卷三十四《石昂傳》372)
H01n0001_p0576a25║
H01n0001_p0576a26║   禁鐵鑄浮屠及佛像
H01n0001_p0576a27║  (開寶)五年春正月壬辰朔,雨雪,不御殿。禁鐵鑄浮屠及佛像。
H01n0001_p0576a28║    (《宋史》卷三《太祖傳三》37)
H01n0001_p0576a29║
H01n0001_p0577a01║   禁以金箔飾佛像
H01n0001_p0577a02║  (康定元年)八月戊戌,禁以金箔飾佛像。
H01n0001_p0577a03║    (《宋史》卷十《仁宗傳二》208)
H01n0001_p0577a04║
H01n0001_p0577a05║   令流民得占官舍寺觀以居
H01n0001_p0577a06║  (靖康元年十一月)庚午,詔河北、河東、京畿清野,令流民得占官舍
H01n0001_p0577a07║寺觀以居。    (《宋史》卷二十三《欽宗傳》432)
H01n0001_p0577a08║
H01n0001_p0577a09║   毀諸路淫祠
H01n0001_p0577a10║  (紹興十六年二月)壬寅,毀諸路淫祠。
H01n0001_p0577a11║    (《宋史》卷三十《高宗傳七》564)
H01n0001_p0577a12║
H01n0001_p0577a13║   寺觀絕產田宅入官
H01n0001_p0577a14║  (紹興二十二年)丁巳,遣司農丞鍾世明詣福建路籍寺觀絕產田宅入
H01n0001_p0577a15║官,其後歲入錢三十四萬緡。
H01n0001_p0577a16║    (《宋史》卷三十《高宗傳七》574)
H01n0001_p0577a17║
H01n0001_p0577a18║   王濟斬睦州狂僧
H01n0001_p0577a19║  睦州有狂僧突入州廨,出妖言,(王濟)與轉運使陳堯佐按其實,斬
H01n0001_p0577a20║之,上嘉其能斷。
H01n0001_p0577a21║    (《宋史》卷三百四《王濟傳》10068)
H01n0001_p0577a22║
H01n0001_p0577a23║   李及之治靈鷲山浮屠
H01n0001_p0577a24║  (李及之)知信州,靈鷲山浮屠,犯法者眾,及之治其奸,流數十人,乃
H01n0001_p0577a25║自劾。朝廷嘉之,釋不問。
H01n0001_p0577a26║    (《宋史》卷三百一十《李迪傳》10179)
H01n0001_p0577a27║
H01n0001_p0577a28║   陳襄不度僧
H01n0001_p0577a29║  譯經僧死,遺表度十僧,列子廟三年度一道士,(陳襄)皆抑不行。
H01n0001_p0577a30║    (《宋史》卷三百二十一《陳襄傳》10420)
H01n0001_p0577a31║
H01n0001_p0578a01║   李清臣作《浮圖災解》
H01n0001_p0578a02║  李清臣字邦直,魏人也。七歲知讀書,日數千言,暫經目輒誦,稍能戲
H01n0001_p0578a03║為文章。客有從京師來者,與其兄談佛寺火,清臣從傍應曰:「此所謂災
H01n0001_p0578a04║也,或者其蠹民已甚,天固儆之邪?」因作《浮圖災解》。兄驚曰:「是必大
H01n0001_p0578a05║吾門。」韓琦聞其名,以兄之子妻之。
H01n0001_p0578a06║    (《宋史》卷三百二十八《李清臣傳》10561)
H01n0001_p0578a07║
H01n0001_p0578a08║   《三朝史》中刪去《道釋志》
H01n0001_p0578a09║  孝宗受禪,念舊學,命(劉章)知漳州,為諫議大夫王大寶所格。尋除
H01n0001_p0578a10║秘閣修撰、敷文閣待制,召提舉佑神觀兼侍讀,遂拜禮部侍郎。奏禁遏淫
H01n0001_p0578a11║祀,仍於《三朝史》中刪去《道釋》、《符瑞志》,大略以為非《春秋》法。
H01n0001_p0578a12║    (《宋史》卷三百九十《劉章傳》11959)
H01n0001_p0578a13║
H01n0001_p0578a14║   禁女婦之為僧道者
H01n0001_p0578a15║  (朱熹)主泉州同安簿,選邑秀民充弟子員,日與講說聖賢修己治人
H01n0001_p0578a16║之道,禁女婦之為僧道者。
H01n0001_p0578a17║    (《宋史》卷四百二十九《道學傳三》12751)
H01n0001_p0578a18║
H01n0001_p0578a19║   朱熹禁女不嫁者
H01n0001_p0578a20║  (朱熹)居數月,除江東轉運副使,以疾辭,改知漳州。奏除屬縣無名
H01n0001_p0578a21║之賦七百萬,減經總制錢四百萬。以習俗未知禮,采古喪葬嫁娶之儀,揭
H01n0001_p0578a22║以示之,命父老解說,以教子弟。土俗崇信釋氏,男女聚僧廬為傳經會,女
H01n0001_p0578a23║不嫁者為庵舍以居,熹悉禁之。
H01n0001_p0578a24║    (《宋史》卷四百二十九《道學傳三》12762)
H01n0001_p0578a25║
H01n0001_p0578a26║   種放嘗裂佛經以制帷帳
H01n0001_p0578a27║  (種放)性不喜浮圖氏,嘗裂佛經以制帷帳。所著《蒙書》十卷及《嗣
H01n0001_p0578a28║禹說》、《表孟子上下篇》、《太一祠錄》,人頗稱之。
H01n0001_p0578a29║    (《宋史》卷四百五十七《隱逸傳上》13423)
H01n0001_p0578a30║
H01n0001_p0579a01║   張商英勸帝節儉,稍裁抑僧寺
H01n0001_p0579a02║  張商英方有時望,(郭)天信往往稱於內朝,商英亦欲借左右游談之
H01n0001_p0579a03║助,陰與相結,使僧德洪輩道達語言。商英勸帝節儉,稍裁抑僧寺,帝始敬
H01n0001_p0579a04║畏之,而近侍積不樂,間言浸潤,眷日衰。京黨因是告商英與天信漏洩禁
H01n0001_p0579a05║中語言,天信先發端,窺伺上旨,動息必報,乃從外庭決之,無不如志。商
H01n0001_p0579a06║英遂罷。
H01n0001_p0579a07║    (《宋史》卷四百六十二《方技傳下》13525)
H01n0001_p0579a08║
H01n0001_p0579a09║   僧李智被殺
H01n0001_p0579a10║  大名府僧李智究等謀反,伏誅。
H01n0001_p0579a11║    (《金史》卷七《世宗傳中》160)
H01n0001_p0579a12║
H01n0001_p0579a13║   禁糠禪、瓢禪
H01n0001_p0579a14║  (大定二十八年)十月乙丑,……禁糠禪、瓢禪,其停止之家抵罪。
H01n0001_p0579a15║    (《金史》卷八《世宗傳下》201)
H01n0001_p0579a16║
H01n0001_p0579a17║   禁五行毗盧
H01n0001_p0579a18║  (昌明元年)十一月乙卯……以惑眾亂民,禁罷全真及五行毗盧。
H01n0001_p0579a19║    (《金史》卷九《章宗傳一》216)
H01n0001_p0579a20║
H01n0001_p0579a21║   僧超謀亂
H01n0001_p0579a22║  (至元元年八月)己未,鳳翔府龍泉寺僧超過等謀亂遇赦,沒其財,羈
H01n0001_p0579a23║管京兆僧司;同謀蘇德,責令從軍自效。
H01n0001_p0579a24║    (《元史》卷五《世祖傳二》99)
H01n0001_p0579a25║
H01n0001_p0579a26║   平陽路僧官被殺
H01n0001_p0579a27║  (至元三年二月)壬午,平陽路僧官以妖言惑眾伏誅。
H01n0001_p0579a28║    (《元史》卷六《世祖傳三》110)
H01n0001_p0579a29║
H01n0001_p0580a01║   沙汰僧尼
H01n0001_p0580a02║  是時,朝廷無事,稽古禮文之事,有墜必舉,請賜經筵講官坐,以崇聖
H01n0001_p0580a03║學,選清望官專典陳言,以求治道,核守令六事,沙汰僧尼,舉隱逸士,事見
H01n0001_p0580a04║《太平傳》。
H01n0001_p0580a05║    (《元史》卷一百三十九《朵虯只傳》3354)
H01n0001_p0580a06║
H01n0001_p0580a07║   平僧藏羅漢
H01n0001_p0580a08║  五年,邑人吳乞兒、濟南道士胡王反,(郭侃)討平之。七年,改白馬
H01n0001_p0580a09║令,僧臧羅漢與彰德趙當驢反,又平之。
H01n0001_p0580a10║    (《元史》卷一百四十九《郭侃傳》3526)
H01n0001_p0580a11║
H01n0001_p0580a12║   討誅妖僧李圓朗
H01n0001_p0580a13║  (萬曆十七年)夏四月己亥,王家屏復入閣。始與妖僧李圓朗作亂,
H01n0001_p0580a14║犯南雄,有司討誅之。
H01n0001_p0580a15║    (《明史》卷二十《神宗傳一》273)
H01n0001_p0580a16║
H01n0001_p0580a17║   汰法王以下番僧四五百人
H01n0001_p0580a18║  英宗即位,詔節冗費。(胡)濴因奏減上供物,及汰法王以下番僧四
H01n0001_p0580a19║五百人,浮費大省。
H01n0001_p0580a20║    (《明史》卷一百六十九《胡濴傳》4535)
H01n0001_p0580a21║
H01n0001_p0580a22║   周璽請毀新立寺觀
H01n0001_p0580a23║  武宗初即位,(周璽)請毀新立寺觀,屏逐法王、真人,停止醮事,並論
H01n0001_p0580a24║前中官齊玄煉丹糜金罪。
H01n0001_p0580a25║    (《明史》卷一百八十八《周璽傳》4984)
H01n0001_p0580a26║
H01n0001_p0580a27║   勒令尼改嫁
H01n0001_p0580a28║  (方)獻夫以尼僧、道姑傷風化,請勒令改嫁,帝從之。又因霍韜言,
H01n0001_p0580a29║盡汰僧道無牒、毀寺觀私創者。
H01n0001_p0580a30║    (《明史》卷一百九十六《方獻夫傳》5189)
H01n0001_p0580a31║
H01n0001_p0581a01║   霍韜散僧尼
H01n0001_p0581a02║  (霍韜)在南都,禁喪家宴飲,絕婦女入寺觀,罪娼戶市良人女,毀淫
H01n0001_p0581a03║祠,建社學,散僧尼,表忠節。既去,士民思之。
H01n0001_p0581a04║    (《明史》卷一百九十七《霍韜傳》5214)
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