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【經文資訊】正史佛教資料類編 第一冊 No. 1《正史佛教資料類編》
H01n0001_p0553a01║
H01n0001_p0553a02║
H01n0001_p0553a03║
H01n0001_p0553a04║
H01n0001_p0553a05║  九出尼
H01n0001_p0553a06║
H01n0001_p0553a07║   張率父侍妓出家為尼
H01n0001_p0553a08║  其年,父憂去職。其父侍妓數十人,善謳者有色貌,邑子儀曹郎顧玩
H01n0001_p0553a09║之求娉焉,謳者不願,遂出家為尼。嘗因齋會(張)率宅,玩之乃飛書言與
H01n0001_p0553a10║(張)率奸,南司以事奏聞,高祖惜其才,寢其奏,然猶致世論焉。
H01n0001_p0553a11║    (《梁書》卷三十三《張率傳》478)
H01n0001_p0553a12║
H01n0001_p0553a13║   皇太后出俗為尼
H01n0001_p0553a14║  (延昌四年)三月甲辰朔,皇太后出俗為尼。
H01n0001_p0553a15║    (《魏書》卷九《肅宗紀》221)
H01n0001_p0553a16║
H01n0001_p0553a17║   嬪葬以尼禮
H01n0001_p0553a18║  神龜元年,太后出覲母武邑君。時天文有變,靈太后欲以后當禍,是
H01n0001_p0553a19║夜暴崩,天下冤之。喪還瑤光佛寺,嬪葬皆以尼禮。
H01n0001_p0553a20║    (《魏書》卷十三《皇后列傳一》337)
H01n0001_p0553a21║
H01n0001_p0553a22║   靈太后自落髮
H01n0001_p0553a23║  有蜜多道人,能胡語,肅宗置於左右。(胡)太后慮其傳致消息,三月
H01n0001_p0553a24║三日於城南大巷中殺之……乃武泰元年,爾朱榮稱兵渡河,太后盡召肅宗
H01n0001_p0553a25║六宮皆令入道,太后亦自落髮。榮遣騎拘送太后及幼主於河陰。太后對
H01n0001_p0553a26║榮多所陳說,榮拂衣而起。太后及幼主並沉於河。太后妹馮翊君收瘞於
H01n0001_p0553a27║雙靈佛寺。出帝時,始葬以后禮而追加謚。
H01n0001_p0553a28║  杜按:《北史》本傳(505)大同。
H01n0001_p0553a29║    (《魏書》卷十三《宣武靈皇后胡氏傳》340)
H01n0001_p0553a30║
H01n0001_p0554a01║   高隆之寡姊為尼
H01n0001_p0554a02║  (高)隆之雖不涉學,而欽尚文雅,縉紳名流,必存禮接。寡姊為尼,
H01n0001_p0554a03║事之如母,訓督諸子,必先文義。世甚以此稱之。
H01n0001_p0554a04║    (《北齊書》卷十八《高隆之傳》238)
H01n0001_p0554a05║
H01n0001_p0554a06║   高隆之寡姊為尼
H01n0001_p0554a07║  (高)隆之雖不學涉,而欽尚文雅,搢紳名流,必存禮接。寡姊為尼,
H01n0001_p0554a08║事之如母。訓督諸子,必先文義。世以此稱之。
H01n0001_p0554a09║    (《北史》卷五十四《高隆子傳》1946)
H01n0001_p0554a10║
H01n0001_p0554a11║   朱皇后出俗為尼
H01n0001_p0554a12║  宣帝朱皇后名滿月,吳人也……后本非良家子,又年長於帝十餘歲,
H01n0001_p0554a13║疏賤無寵。以靜帝故,特尊崇之,班亞楊皇后焉。宣帝崩,靜帝尊為帝太
H01n0001_p0554a14║(皇)后。隋開皇元年,出俗為尼,名法淨。六年殂,年四十,以尼禮葬京
H01n0001_p0554a15║城。
H01n0001_p0554a16║    (《周書》卷九《皇后列傳一》146)
H01n0001_p0554a17║
H01n0001_p0554a18║   北周四后悉廢為比丘尼
H01n0001_p0554a19║  隋氏受命,廢后為樂平公主,餘四后悉廢為比丘尼。
H01n0001_p0554a20║    (《隋書》卷二十一《天文志下》609)
H01n0001_p0554a21║
H01n0001_p0554a22║   楊氏為尼
H01n0001_p0554a23║  上令以犢車載阤夫妻,將賜死於其家。阤弟司勳侍中整詣闕求哀,於
H01n0001_p0554a24║是免阤死,除名為民,以其妻楊氏為尼。
H01n0001_p0554a25║    (《隋書》卷七十九《外戚列傳》1791)
H01n0001_p0554a26║
H01n0001_p0554a27║   南陽公主削髮為尼
H01n0001_p0554a28║  (南陽公)主尋(竇)請建德削髮為尼。
H01n0001_p0554a29║    (《隋書》卷八十《南陽公主傳》1799)
H01n0001_p0554a30║
H01n0001_p0555a01║   聲云度霍氏為尼,以餘人代之
H01n0001_p0555a02║  帝與文帝幸姬霍氏淫通,改姓徐氏,龍駒勸長留宮內,聲云度霍氏為
H01n0001_p0555a03║尼,以餘人代之。
H01n0001_p0555a04║    (《南史》卷五《齊本紀下五》137)
H01n0001_p0555a05║
H01n0001_p0555a06║   沈皇后為尼
H01n0001_p0555a07║  (後主沈皇)后性端靜,有識量,寡嗜欲,聰敏強記,涉獵經史,工書
H01n0001_p0555a08║翰……而身居儉約,衣服無錦繡之飾,左右近侍才百許人,唯尋閱圖史及
H01n0001_p0555a09║釋典為事。嘗遇歲旱,自暴而誦佛經,應時雨降。無子,養孫姬子胤為己
H01n0001_p0555a10║子。數上書諫爭,後主將廢之,而立張貴妃,會國亡不果,乃與後主俱入長
H01n0001_p0555a11║安。及後主薨,后自為哀辭,文甚酸切。
H01n0001_p0555a12║  隋煬帝每巡幸,恆令從駕。及煬帝被殺,后自廣陵過江,於毗陵天靜
H01n0001_p0555a13║寺為尼,名觀音。貞觀初卒。
H01n0001_p0555a14║    (《南史》卷十二《后妃.後主沈皇后傳》346)
H01n0001_p0555a15║
H01n0001_p0555a16║   皇太后出俗為尼
H01n0001_p0555a17║  (永平四年二月)己亥,尊胡充華為皇太妃。三月甲長朔,皇太后出
H01n0001_p0555a18║俗為尼,徙御金墉城。
H01n0001_p0555a19║    (《北史》卷四《魏本紀四》144)
H01n0001_p0555a20║
H01n0001_p0555a21║   以尼禮葬高太后
H01n0001_p0555a22║  九月戊申,皇太后高氏崩於瑤光寺。冬十月丁卯,以尼禮葬高太后於
H01n0001_p0555a23║芒山。
H01n0001_p0555a24║    (《北史》卷四《魏本紀四》146)
H01n0001_p0555a25║
H01n0001_p0555a26║   孝文幽皇后曾為尼
H01n0001_p0555a27║  文明太皇太后欲家世貴寵,乃簡(馮)熙二女,俱入掖庭,時年十四。
H01n0001_p0555a28║其一早卒。后有姿媚,偏見愛幸。未幾,疾病,太后乃遣還家為尼,帝猶留
H01n0001_p0555a29║念焉。歲餘而太后崩,帝服終,頗存訪之。又聞后素疹痊除,遺閹官雙三
H01n0001_p0555a30║念璽書勞問,遂迎赴洛陽。及至,寵愛過本初,當夕,宮人稀復進見。拜為
H01n0001_p0556a01║左昭儀,後立為皇后。
H01n0001_p0556a02║    (《北史》卷十三《后妃傳上》499)
H01n0001_p0556a03║
H01n0001_p0556a04║   乙弗氏出家為尼
H01n0001_p0556a05║  時新都關中,務欲東討,蠕蠕寇邊,未遑北伐,故帝結婚以撫之。於是
H01n0001_p0556a06║更納悼后,命后遜居別宮,出家為尼。悼后猶懷猜忌,復徙后居秦州,依子
H01n0001_p0556a07║秦州刺史武都王。帝雖限大計,恩好不忘,後密令養髮,有追還之意。然
H01n0001_p0556a08║事秘禁,外無知者。
H01n0001_p0556a09║  六年春,蠕蠕舉國度河,前驅已過夏。頗有言虜為悼后之故興此役。
H01n0001_p0556a10║帝曰:「豈有百萬之眾為一女子舉也?雖然,致此物論,朕亦何顏以見將
H01n0001_p0556a11║帥邪!」乃遣中常侍曹寵繼手敕令后自盡。后奉敕,揮淚謂寵曰:「願至尊
H01n0001_p0556a12║享千萬歲,天下康寧,死無恨也。」因命武都王前,與之決。遺語皇太子,
H01n0001_p0556a13║辭皆淒愴,因慟哭久之。侍御咸垂涕失聲,莫能仰視。召僧設供,令侍婢
H01n0001_p0556a14║數十人出家,手為落髮。事畢,乃入室,引被自覆而崩,年三十一,鑿夢積
H01n0001_p0556a15║崖為龕而葬,神柩將入,有二叢云先入龕中,頃之一滅一出,後號寂陵。及
H01n0001_p0556a16║文帝山陵畢,手書云,萬歲後欲令后配饗。公卿乃議追諡曰文皇后,附於
H01n0001_p0556a17║太廟。廢帝時,合葬於永陵。
H01n0001_p0556a18║    (《北史》卷十三《后妃傳上》506)
H01n0001_p0556a19║
H01n0001_p0556a20║   斛律氏為尼
H01n0001_p0556a21║  後主皇后斛律氏,左丞相光之女也。初為皇太子妃,後主受禪,立為
H01n0001_p0556a22║皇后。武平三年正月,生女,帝欲悅光,詐稱生男,為之大赦。光誅,后廢
H01n0001_p0556a23║在別宮,後令為尼。齊滅,嫁為開府元仁妻。
H01n0001_p0556a24║    (《北史》卷十四《后妃傳下》523)
H01n0001_p0556a25║
H01n0001_p0556a26║   元氏為尼
H01n0001_p0556a27║  孝閔皇后元氏,名胡摩,魏文帝第五女也……帝被廢,后出俗為尼。
H01n0001_p0556a28║建德初,武帝誅晉公護,上帝尊號,以后為孝閔皇后,居崇義宮。隋革命,
H01n0001_p0556a29║后出居里第。大業十二年,殂。
H01n0001_p0556a30║    (《北史》卷十四《后妃傳下》527)
H01n0001_p0556a31║
H01n0001_p0557a01║   武皇后李氏出俗為尼
H01n0001_p0557a02║  武皇后李氏,名娥姿,楚人也。於謹平江陵,后家被籍沒。至長安,周
H01n0001_p0557a03║文以后賜武帝。後得親幸,生宣帝。……宣帝崩,靜帝尊為大帝太后。隋
H01n0001_p0557a04║開皇元年三月,出俗為尼,改名常悲。八年,殂,以尼禮葬於京城南。
H01n0001_p0557a05║    (《北史》卷十四《后妃傳下》529)
H01n0001_p0557a06║
H01n0001_p0557a07║   宣帝后朱氏出俗為尼
H01n0001_p0557a08║  宣帝后朱氏,名滿月,吳人也……宣帝崩,靜帝尊后為帝太后。隋開
H01n0001_p0557a09║皇元年二月,出俗為尼,改名法淨。六年,殂,以尼禮葬於京城西。
H01n0001_p0557a10║  宣帝后陳氏,名月儀,自云穎川人,大將軍山提之第八女也……帝崩,
H01n0001_p0557a11║后出俗為尼,改名華光。后永徽初終……
H01n0001_p0557a12║  宣帝皇后元氏,名樂尚,河南洛陽人,開府晟之第二女也……帝崩,后
H01n0001_p0557a13║出家為尼,改名華勝。初,后與陳皇后同時被選入宮,俱拜為妃;及升后,
H01n0001_p0557a14║又同日受冊。帝寵遇二后,禮數均等,年齒復同,特相親愛。及為尼後,
H01n0001_p0557a15║李、朱及尉遲后並相繼殞歿,而二后貞觀中尚存。
H01n0001_p0557a16║  宣帝皇后尉遲氏名繁熾,蜀公迥之孫女也……大象二年三月,立為天
H01n0001_p0557a17║左大皇后。帝崩,后出俗為尼,改名華道。隋開皇十五年,殂。
H01n0001_p0557a18║    (《北史》卷十四《后妃傳下》530)
H01n0001_p0557a19║
H01n0001_p0557a20║   兵士配尼姑
H01n0001_p0557a21║  時從駕驍果數有逃散,帝憂之,以問(裴)矩。矩曰:「今車駕留此,已
H01n0001_p0557a22║經二年。驍果之徒,盡無家口,人無匹合,則不能久安。臣請聽兵士於此
H01n0001_p0557a23║納室。」(煬)帝大喜曰:「公定多智,此奇計也。」因令矩檢校為將士等娶
H01n0001_p0557a24║妻。矩召江都境內寡婦及未嫁女皆集宮監,又召諸將帥及兵等恣其所取。
H01n0001_p0557a25║因聽自首,先有姦通婦女及尼、女官等,並即配之。
H01n0001_p0557a26║    (《北史》卷三十八《裴佗傳》1392)
H01n0001_p0557a27║
H01n0001_p0557a28║   宣武帝婕妤出家為比丘尼
H01n0001_p0557a29║  宣武崩後,(李彪女)為比丘尼,通習經義,法座講說,諸僧歎重之。
H01n0001_p0557a30║    (《北史》卷四十《李彪傳》1466)
H01n0001_p0557a31║
H01n0001_p0558a01║   高聰妓十餘人出家為尼
H01n0001_p0558a02║  (高)聰有妓十餘人,有子無子皆注籍為妾,以悅其情。及病,欲不適
H01n0001_p0558a03║他人,並令燒指吞炭,出家為尼。聰所作文筆二十卷。
H01n0001_p0558a04║    (《北史》卷四十《高聰傳》1479)
H01n0001_p0558a05║
H01n0001_p0558a06║   太原公主嘗作尼
H01n0001_p0558a07║  先是童謠曰:「白羊頭毣禿,羖羊歷頭生角。」又曰:「羊羊吃野草,不
H01n0001_p0558a08║吃野草遠我道,不遠打爾腦。」又曰:「阿嬤姑,禍也;道人姑夫,死也。」羊
H01n0001_p0558a09║為愔也,「角」文為用刀,「道人」謂廢帝小名,太原公主嘗作尼,故曰「阿嬤
H01n0001_p0558a10║姑」,愔、子獻、天和皆尚帝姑,故曰「道人姑夫」云。
H01n0001_p0558a11║    (《北史》卷四十一《楊播傳》1506)
H01n0001_p0558a12║
H01n0001_p0558a13║   出宮人四百八十,送兩街寺觀安置
H01n0001_p0558a14║  六月丁未朔。辛酉,出宮人四百八十,送兩街寺觀安置。
H01n0001_p0558a15║    (《舊唐書》卷十七下《文宗紀下》574)
H01n0001_p0558a16║
H01n0001_p0558a17║   韋妃削髮被尼服
H01n0001_p0558a18║  肅宗韋妃,……林甫羅織,起柳勣之獄,堅連坐得罪,兄弟並賜死。太
H01n0001_p0558a19║子懼,上表自理,言與妃情義不睦,請離婚,玄宗慰撫之,聽離。妃遂削髮
H01n0001_p0558a20║被尼服,居禁中佛舍。西京失守,妃亦陷賊。
H01n0001_p0558a21║    (《舊唐書》卷五十二《后妃傳下》2186)
H01n0001_p0558a22║
H01n0001_p0558a23║   女尼真如
H01n0001_p0558a24║  (竇參)乃再貶為驩州司馬。男景伯,配泉州;女尼真如,隸郴州;其
H01n0001_p0558a25║財物婢妾,傳送京師。
H01n0001_p0558a26║    (《舊唐書》卷一百三十六《竇參傳》3748)
H01n0001_p0558a27║
H01n0001_p0558a28║   崔損姊為尼
H01n0001_p0558a29║  (崔損)身居宰相,母野殯,不言展墓,不議遷祔;姊為尼,歿於近寺,
H01n0001_p0558a30║終喪不臨,士君子罪之。    (《舊唐書》卷一百三十六《崔損傳》3755)
H01n0001_p0558a31║
H01n0001_p0559a01║   榮氏至汴州為尼
H01n0001_p0559a02║  乾寧四年正月,城中食竭,(朱)瑄與妻榮氏出奔,至中都,為野人所
H01n0001_p0559a03║害,傳首汴州。榮氏至汴州為尼。
H01n0001_p0559a04║    (《舊唐書》卷一百八十二《朱瑄傳》4718)
H01n0001_p0559a05║
H01n0001_p0559a06║   崔繪妻盧氏出家為尼
H01n0001_p0559a07║  崔繪妻盧氏,幽州范陽人也,為山東著姓。……繪早終,盧既年少,諸
H01n0001_p0559a08║兄常欲嫁之,盧輒稱病固辭。盧亡姊之夫李思沖,神龍初為工部侍郎,又
H01n0001_p0559a09║求續親。……盧謂左右曰:「吾自誓久已定矣。」乃夜中出自竇中,奔歸崔
H01n0001_p0559a10║氏,髮面盡為糞穢所污,宗族見者皆為之垂淚。因出家為尼,諸尼欽其操
H01n0001_p0559a11║行,皆尊事之。開元中,以老病而卒。
H01n0001_p0559a12║    (《舊唐書》卷一百九十三《列女傳》5147)
H01n0001_p0559a13║
H01n0001_p0559a14║   武后詔崔繪妻為浮屠尼以終
H01n0001_p0559a15║  崔繪妻盧者,鸞台侍郎獻之女。獻有美名。繪喪,盧年少,家欲嫁之,
H01n0001_p0559a16║盧稱疾不許。女兄適工部侍郎李思沖,早亡。思沖方顯重,表求繼室,詔
H01n0001_p0559a17║許,家內外姻皆然可。思沖歸幣三百輿,盧不可,曰:「吾豈再辱於人乎?
H01n0001_p0559a18║寧沒身為婢。」是夕,出自竇,糞穢蔑面,還崔舍,斷髮自誓。思沖以聞,武
H01n0001_p0559a19║后不奪也,詔為浮屠尼以終。
H01n0001_p0559a20║    (《新唐書》卷二百五《列女傳》5821)
H01n0001_p0559a21║
H01n0001_p0559a22║   武(則天)才人太宗崩後削髮尼
H01n0001_p0559a23║  (則天)後年十四,太宗聞其有色,選為才人。太宗崩,后削髮為比丘
H01n0001_p0559a24║尼,居於感業寺。高宗幸感業寺,見而悅之,復召入宮。
H01n0001_p0559a25║    (《新唐書》卷四《則天皇后傳》81)
H01n0001_p0559a26║
H01n0001_p0559a27║   太宗崩,武則天與嬪御皆為比丘尼
H01n0001_p0559a28║  (武則天)既見帝,賜號武媚。及帝崩,與嬪御皆為比丘尼。高宗為
H01n0001_p0559a29║太子時,入侍,悅之。
H01n0001_p0559a30║    (《新唐書》卷七十六《后妃傳上》3474)
H01n0001_p0559a31║
H01n0001_p0560a01║   元載女少為尼
H01n0001_p0560a02║  (元載)女真一,少為尼,沒入掖庭。德宗時,始告以載死,號踴投地,
H01n0001_p0560a03║左右呵止,帝曰:「安有聞親喪責其哀殞乎?」命扶出。
H01n0001_p0560a04║    (《新唐書》卷一百四十五《元載傳》4714)
H01n0001_p0560a05║
H01n0001_p0560a06║   朱瑾妻為尼
H01n0001_p0560a07║  案《五代會要》:太祖皇后張氏早崩……又,《北夢瑣言》云:梁祖魏國
H01n0001_p0560a08║夫人張氏,碭山富室女,父蕤,曾為宋州刺史……張(氏)賢明有禮,(朱)
H01n0001_p0560a09║溫雖虎狼其心,亦所景伏……初收袞、鄆,得朱瑾妻,溫告之曰:「彼既無
H01n0001_p0560a10║依,寓於輜車。」張氏遣人召之,瑾妻再拜,張氏答拜泣下,謂之曰:「袞、鄆
H01n0001_p0560a11║與司空同姓之國,昆仲之間,以小故尋戈,至吾姒如此。設不幸汴州失守,
H01n0001_p0560a12║妾亦似吾姒之今日也。」又泣下,乃度為尼,張恆給其費。
H01n0001_p0560a13║    (《舊五代史》卷十一《后妃傳》156)
H01n0001_p0560a14║
H01n0001_p0560a15║   金華公主出家為尼
H01n0001_p0560a16║  開平四年夏,(太祖)詔金華公主出家為尼,居於宋州元靜寺,蓋太祖
H01n0001_p0560a17║推恩於羅氏,令終其婦節也。
H01n0001_p0560a18║    (《舊五代史》卷十二《列傳四》192)
H01n0001_p0560a19║
H01n0001_p0560a20║   金華公主出家為尼
H01n0001_p0560a21║  今考《通鑒考異》引《梁功臣列傳》云:羅廷規尚安陽公主,又尚金華
H01n0001_p0560a22║公主。《薛史羅紹威傳》亦載開平四年,(梁太祖)詔金華公主出家為尼。
H01n0001_p0560a23║    (《舊五代史》卷十一《后妃傳》157)
H01n0001_p0560a24║
H01n0001_p0560a25║   廣王之后與尼訟田
H01n0001_p0560a26║  《梁史廣王全昱傳》曰:昱樸野,常呼帝為「三」。宮中博戲之事諱
H01n0001_p0560a27║之……及莊宗即位,盡誅朱氏,惟全昱先令終。至道初,知單州有稱廣王
H01n0001_p0560a28║之后與尼訟田者,豈以一言之善,獨存其嗣耶!
H01n0001_p0560a29║    (《舊五代》卷十二《宗室傳二》160)
H01n0001_p0560a30║
H01n0001_p0561a01║   女尼入宮
H01n0001_p0561a02║  閔帝即位,加兼侍中。既而帝子重吉出刺亳州,女尼入宮,帝方憂不
H01n0001_p0561a03║測。
H01n0001_p0561a04║    (《舊五代史》卷四十六《末帝紀上》628)
H01n0001_p0561a05║
H01n0001_p0561a06║   女尼惠明
H01n0001_p0561a07║  (清泰元年六月)甲申,帝為故皇子亳州刺史重吉、皇長女尼惠明大
H01n0001_p0561a08║師幼澄舉哀行服,群臣詣閤門奉慰。
H01n0001_p0561a09║    (《舊五代》卷四十六《末帝紀上》637)
H01n0001_p0561a10║
H01n0001_p0561a11║   魏國夫人陳氏落髮為尼持經
H01n0001_p0561a12║  魏國夫人陳氏,襄州人,本昭宗之宮嬪也……陳氏性既靜退,不以寵
H01n0001_p0561a13║侍自侈,武皇常呼為阿女者。及武皇大漸之際,陳氏侍醫藥,垂泣言:「妾
H01n0001_p0561a14║為王執掃除之役,十有四年矣,王萬一不幸,妾將何托!既不能身以為殉,
H01n0001_p0561a15║願落髮為尼,為王讀一藏佛經,以報平昔。」武皇為之流涕。及武皇薨,陳
H01n0001_p0561a16║氏果落髮持經,法名智願。後居於洛陽佛寺,莊宗賜號建法大師。天成
H01n0001_p0561a17║中,明宗幸其院,改賜圓惠大師。晉天福中,卒於太原。追諡光國大師,塔
H01n0001_p0561a18║以惠寂為名也。
H01n0001_p0561a19║    (《舊五代史》卷四十九《后妃傳一》673)
H01n0001_p0561a20║
H01n0001_p0561a21║   莊宗劉后欲於太原造寺為尼
H01n0001_p0561a22║  案:《劉后傳》,《永樂大典》原闕。考《北夢瑣言》云:「莊宗劉皇后,魏
H01n0001_p0561a23║州成安人,家世寒微……正位之後,凡貢奉先入後宮,惟寫佛經施尼師,他
H01n0001_p0561a24║無所賜……先是,莊宗自為俳優,名曰李天下,雜於塗粉優雜之間,時為諸
H01n0001_p0561a25║優樸抶摑搭,竟為囂婦恩伶之傾玷,有國者得不以為前鑒!劉后以囊盛金
H01n0001_p0561a26║合犀帶四,欲於太原造寺為尼,沿路復通皇弟存渥,同簀而寢,明宗聞其
H01n0001_p0561a27║穢,即令自殺。」
H01n0001_p0561a28║    (《舊五代史》卷四十九《后妃傳一》674)
H01n0001_p0561a29║
H01n0001_p0562a01║   莊宗劉后欲於太原造寺為尼
H01n0001_p0562a02║  (唐莊宗崩,皇后劉氏)欲於太原造寺為尼……及至太原,乃削髮為
H01n0001_p0562a03║尼。……
H01n0001_p0562a04║  (唐)莊宗遇弒,後宮散走……。虢國夫人夏氏……後嫁契丹突欲李
H01n0001_p0562a05║贊華。贊華性酷毒,喜殺人,婢妾微過,常加刲灼。夏氏懼,求離婚,乃削
H01n0001_p0562a06║髮為尼以卒。
H01n0001_p0562a07║    (《新五代史》卷十四《皇后劉氏傳》146)
H01n0001_p0562a08║
H01n0001_p0562a09║   夏氏為尼
H01n0001_p0562a10║  考《北夢瑣言》云:莊宗皇帝嫡夫人韓氏,後為淑妃,伊氏為德妃……
H01n0001_p0562a11║夫人夏氏,最承恩寵,後嫁李贊華,所謂東丹王,既阿保機長子,先歸朝,後
H01n0001_p0562a12║除滑州節度使。性酷毒,侍婢微過,即以刀刲火灼。夏氏少長宮掖,不忍
H01n0001_p0562a13║其凶,求離婚,歸河陽節度使夏魯奇家,後為尼也。
H01n0001_p0562a14║    (《舊五代史》卷四十九《后妃傳》675)
H01n0001_p0562a15║
H01n0001_p0562a16║   張格母落髮為尼
H01n0001_p0562a17║  張格,字承之,故宰相浚之子也。浚為梁祖所忌,潛遣人害於長水,格
H01n0001_p0562a18║易姓名,流轉入蜀……王建僭號,以格為宰相。格所生母,當浚之遇害,潛
H01n0001_p0562a19║匿於民間,落髮為尼,流浪於函、洛。王建聞之,潛使人迎之入蜀,賜紫,加
H01n0001_p0562a20║號慈福大師。    (《舊五代史》卷七十一《列傳第二十三》944)
H01n0001_p0562a21║
H01n0001_p0562a22║   皇子重乂妻虢國夫人李氏落髮為尼
H01n0001_p0562a23║  (天福四年)閏七月庚午朔……丁酉,故皇子河南尹重乂妻虢國夫人
H01n0001_p0562a24║李氏落髮為尼,賜名悟因,仍錫紫衣、法號及夏臘二十。
H01n0001_p0562a25║    (《舊五代史》卷七十八《高祖紀四》1030)
H01n0001_p0562a26║
H01n0001_p0562a27║   壽王重乂李氏落髮為尼
H01n0001_p0562a28║  壽王重乂,字宏理,高祖第三子也……天福中,追封壽王。妃李氏,汾
H01n0001_p0562a29║州刺史[王*巳]之女也。重乂無子,妃後落髮為尼,開運中,卒於京師。
H01n0001_p0562a30║    (《舊五代史》卷八十七《宗室列傳二》1140)
H01n0001_p0562a31║
H01n0001_p0563a01║   故皇子重乂英妻張氏落髮為尼
H01n0001_p0563a02║  (天福四年)十二丁酉朔……己亥,故皇子重乂英妻張氏落髮為尼,賜
H01n0001_p0563a03║名悟慎,並夏臘二十。
H01n0001_p0563a04║    (《舊五代史》卷七十八《高祖紀四》1033)
H01n0001_p0563a05║
H01n0001_p0563a06║   皇甫遇妻宋國夫人請度為尼
H01n0001_p0563a07║  周廣順三年正月,(皇甫)遇妻宋國夫人霍氏上言,請度為尼,周太祖
H01n0001_p0563a08║許之,仍賜紫衣,號貞范大師,法名惠圓,又賜夏臘十。
H01n0001_p0563a09║    (《舊五代史》卷九十五《列傳第十》1261)
H01n0001_p0563a10║
H01n0001_p0563a11║   尼惠英、惠燈等
H01n0001_p0563a12║  (廣順元年十一月)丁亥,(太祖)詔:「唐朝五廟,舊在至德宮安置,應
H01n0001_p0563a13║屬徽陵莊田園舍,宜令新除右監門將軍李重玉為主。其緣陵緣廟法物,除
H01n0001_p0563a14║合留外,所有金銀器物,充遷葬故淑妃王氏及許王從益外,其餘並給與重
H01n0001_p0563a15║玉及尼惠英、惠燈、惠能、惠嚴等。令重玉以時祀陵廟,務在豐潔。」
H01n0001_p0563a16║    (《舊五代史》卷一百一十二《太祖紀三》1478)
H01n0001_p0563a17║
H01n0001_p0563a18║   劉方遇使出家為尼之妻妹長髮為繼室
H01n0001_p0563a19║  案《北夢瑣言》云:鎮州市民劉方遇,家財數十萬。方遇妻田氏蚤卒,
H01n0001_p0563a20║田之妹為尼,常出入方遇家,方遇使尼長髮為繼室。
H01n0001_p0563a21║    (《舊五代史》卷一百二十三《李從敏傳》案引1618)
H01n0001_p0563a22║
H01n0001_p0563a23║   朱瑾妻為尼
H01n0001_p0563a24║  郴王友裕攻徐州,破朱瑾於石佛山……
H01n0001_p0563a25║  (梁)太祖已破朱瑾,納其妻以歸……乃送瑾妻為尼。
H01n0001_p0563a26║    (《新五代史》卷十三《元貞皇后張氏傳》129)
H01n0001_p0563a27║
H01n0001_p0563a28║   梁太祖昭儀陳氏為尼
H01n0001_p0563a29║  (梁)太祖嘗疾,昭儀(陳氏)與尼數十人晝夜為佛法,未嘗少懈……
H01n0001_p0563a30║開平三年,度為尼,居宋州佛寺。    (《新五代史》卷十三《昭儀陳氏》130)
H01n0001_p0563a31║
H01n0001_p0564a01║   梁末帝妃郭氏為尼
H01n0001_p0564a02║  梁亡,唐莊宗入汴……(梁末帝次妃郭氏)已而度為尼,賜名誓正,居
H01n0001_p0564a03║於洛陽。
H01n0001_p0564a04║    (《新五代史》卷十三《次妃郭氏傳》131)
H01n0001_p0564a05║
H01n0001_p0564a06║   願辭皇帝為比丘尼
H01n0001_p0564a07║  廢帝入立,嘗置酒妃院,(明宗淑妃王氏)妃舉酒曰:「願辭皇帝為比
H01n0001_p0564a08║丘尼。」……
H01n0001_p0564a09║  晉高祖立,妃自請為尼,不可,乃遷於至德宮。
H01n0001_p0564a10║    (《新五代史》卷十五《淑妃王氏傳》159)
H01n0001_p0564a11║
H01n0001_p0564a12║   何必妄毀形髮
H01n0001_p0564a13║  宣懿皇后符氏……初適李守貞子崇訓……其母以后夫家滅亡,而獨
H01n0001_p0564a14║脫死兵刃之間,以為天幸,欲使削髮為尼,后不肯曰:「死生有命,天也。
H01n0001_p0564a15║何必妄毀形髮為!」
H01n0001_p0564a16║    (《新五代史》卷二十《皇后符氏傳》203)
H01n0001_p0564a17║
H01n0001_p0564a18║   尼李靜善妄充宋公主
H01n0001_p0564a19║  又有開封尼李靜善者,內人言其貌似柔福(宋公主),靜善即自稱柔
H01n0001_p0564a20║福。蘄州兵馬鈐轄韓世清送至行在,遣內侍馮益等驗視,遂封福國長公
H01n0001_p0564a21║主,適永州防禦使高世榮。其後內人從顯仁太后歸,言其妄,送法寺治之。
H01n0001_p0564a22║內侍李[怡-台+癸]自北還,又言柔福在五國城,適徐還而薨。靜善遂伏誅。柔福
H01n0001_p0564a23║薨在紹興十一年,從梓宮來者以其骨至,葬之,追封和國長公主。
H01n0001_p0564a24║    (《宋史》卷二百四十八《公主傳》8788)
H01n0001_p0564a25║
H01n0001_p0564a26║   趙普二女皆出尼為尼
H01n0001_p0564a27║  (趙普)二女皆笄,(趙)普妻和氏言願為尼,太宗再三諭之,不能奪。
H01n0001_p0564a28║賜長女名志願,號智果大師;次女名志英,號智圓大師。
H01n0001_p0564a29║    (《宋史》卷二百五十六《趙普傳》8939)
H01n0001_p0564a30║
H01n0001_p0565a01║   妖尼道安
H01n0001_p0565a02║  妖尼道安搆獄,事連開封判官張去華,敏中妻父也,以故得請不預決
H01n0001_p0565a03║讞。既而法官皆貶,猶以親累落職,出知廣州。
H01n0001_p0565a04║    (《宋史》卷二百八十二《向敏中傳》9553)
H01n0001_p0565a05║
H01n0001_p0565a06║   盧州妖尼道安
H01n0001_p0565a07║  未幾,(王禹稱)判大理寺,盧州妖尼道安誣訟徐鉉,道安當反坐,有
H01n0001_p0565a08║詔勿治。禹稱抗疏雪鉉,請論道安罪,坐貶商州團練副使,歲餘移解州。
H01n0001_p0565a09║    (《宋史》卷二百九十三《王禹稱傳》9794)
H01n0001_p0565a10║
H01n0001_p0565a11║   盧州尼道安
H01n0001_p0565a12║  未幾,有盧州尼道安訟弟婦不實,府不為治,械繫送本州。弟婦即徐
H01n0001_p0565a13║鉉妻之甥。道安伐登聞鼓,言鉉以尺牘求請,(張)去華故不為治。上怒,
H01n0001_p0565a14║去華坐削一任,貶安州司馬。
H01n0001_p0565a15║    (《宋史》卷三百六《張去華傳》10109)
H01n0001_p0565a16║
H01n0001_p0565a17║   帝出胡貴嬪為尼
H01n0001_p0565a18║  (賈)似道大怒曰:「臣為大禮使,陛下舉動不得預聞,乞罷政。」即日
H01n0001_p0565a19║出嘉會門,帝留之不得,乃罷顯祖,涕泣出(胡)貴嬪為尼,始還。
H01n0001_p0565a20║    (《宋史》卷四百七十四《奸臣傳四》13784)
H01n0001_p0565a21║
H01n0001_p0565a22║   有比丘尼三人出入宮中
H01n0001_p0565a23║  定哥自其夫時,與家奴閻乞兒通,嘗以衣服遺乞兒。及為貴妃,乞兒
H01n0001_p0565a24║以妃家舊人,給事本位。定哥既怨海陵疏已,欲復與乞兒通。有比丘尼三
H01n0001_p0565a25║人出入宮中,定哥使比丘尼向乞兒索所遺衣服以調之。乞兒識其意,笑
H01n0001_p0565a26║曰:「妃今日富貴忘我耶。」定哥欲以計納乞兒宮中,恐閽者索之,乃令侍
H01n0001_p0565a27║兒以大篋盛褻衣其中,遣人載之入宮。閽者索之,見篋中皆褻衣,固已悔
H01n0001_p0565a28║懼。定哥使人詰責閽者曰:「我,天子妃。親體之衣,爾故玩視,何也?我
H01n0001_p0565a29║且奏之。」閽者惶恐曰:「死罪。請後不敢。」定哥乃使人以篋盛乞兒載入
H01n0001_p0565a30║宮中,閽者果不敢復索。乞兒入宮十餘日,使衣婦人衣,雜諸宮婢,抵暮遣
H01n0001_p0566a01║出。貴哥以告海陵。定哥縊死,乞兒及比丘尼三人皆伏誅。封貴哥莘國
H01n0001_p0566a02║夫人。
H01n0001_p0566a03║    (《金史》卷六十三《后妃傳上》1510)
H01n0001_p0566a04║
H01n0001_p0566a05║   李皇后祝髮為比丘尼
H01n0001_p0566a06║  (金)舊俗,婦女寡居,宗族接續之。后乃祝髮為比丘尼,號通慧圓明
H01n0001_p0566a07║大師,賜紫衣,歸遼陽,營建清安禪寺,別為尼院居之。貞元三年,世宗為
H01n0001_p0566a08║東京留守。正隆六年五月,后卒。世宗哀毀過禮,以喪去官。未幾,起復
H01n0001_p0566a09║為留守。是歲十月,后弟李石定策,世宗即位於東京,尊謚為貞懿皇后,其
H01n0001_p0566a10║寢園曰孝寧宮。
H01n0001_p0566a11║    (《金史》卷六十四《后妃傳下》1518)
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