ndap
關於本計畫
數位化流程圖
未來計畫
版權聲明
CBETA
法鼓佛教學院
數位典藏科技計畫
首  頁 已建經目 國圖善本目錄 相關知識 佛教藏經目錄
【經文資訊】正史佛教資料類編 第一冊 No. 1《正史佛教資料類編》
H01n0001_p0488a01║
H01n0001_p0488a02║
H01n0001_p0488a03║
H01n0001_p0488a04║  七教令
H01n0001_p0488a05║
H01n0001_p0488a06║   沙門壞佛像以惡逆論
H01n0001_p0488a07║  (開皇二十年十二月)辛巳,詔曰:「佛法深妙,道教虛融,咸降大慈,
H01n0001_p0488a08║濟度群品,凡在含識,皆蒙覆護。所以雕鑄靈相,圖寫真形,率土瞻仰,用
H01n0001_p0488a09║申誠敬。其五嶽四鎮,節宣雲雨,江、河、淮、海,浸潤區域,並生養萬物,利
H01n0001_p0488a10║益兆人,故建廟立祀,以時恭敬。敢有毀壞偷盜佛及天尊像,岳鎮海瀆神
H01n0001_p0488a11║形者,以不道論。沙門壞佛像,道士壞天尊者,以惡逆論。」
H01n0001_p0488a12║    (《隋書》卷二《高祖紀下》45)
H01n0001_p0488a13║
H01n0001_p0488a14║   沙門壞佛像以惡逆論
H01n0001_p0488a15║  帝以年齡晚暮,尤崇尚佛道,又素信鬼神,二十年,詔沙門道士壞佛像
H01n0001_p0488a16║天尊,百姓壞岳瀆神像,皆以惡逆論。
H01n0001_p0488a17║    (《隋書》卷二十五《刑法志》715)
H01n0001_p0488a18║
H01n0001_p0488a19║   賜死王誼
H01n0001_p0488a20║  於時上柱國元諧亦頗失意,(王)誼數與相往來,言論醜惡。胡僧告
H01n0001_p0488a21║之。公卿奏誼大逆不道,罪當死。上見誼愴然曰:「朕與公舊為同學,甚
H01n0001_p0488a22║相憐憫,將奈國法何?」於是下詔曰:「誼,有周之世,早豫人倫,朕共游庠
H01n0001_p0488a23║序,遂相親好。然性懷險薄,巫覡盈門,鬼言怪語,稱神道聖。朕受命之
H01n0001_p0488a24║初,深存誡約,口云改悔,心實不悛。乃說四天王神道,誼應受命,書有誼
H01n0001_p0488a25║讖,天有誼星,桃、鹿二川,岐州之下,歲在辰巳,興帝王之業。密令卜問,
H01n0001_p0488a26║伺殿省之災。又說其身是明王,信用左道,所在詿誤,自言相表當王不疑。
H01n0001_p0488a27║此而赦之,將或為亂,禁暴除惡,宜伏國刑。」上復令大理正趙綽謂誼曰:
H01n0001_p0488a28║「時命如此,將若之何!」於是賜死於家,時年四十六。
H01n0001_p0488a29║    (《隋書》卷四十《元諧傳》1170)
H01n0001_p0488a30║
H01n0001_p0489a01║   上慰(王誼)而釋之
H01n0001_p0489a02║  時上柱國王誼有功於國,與諧俱無任用,每相往來。胡僧告諧、誼謀
H01n0001_p0489a03║反,上按其事,無逆狀,上慰諭而釋之。
H01n0001_p0489a04║    (《隋書》卷四十《王誼傳》1171)
H01n0001_p0489a05║
H01n0001_p0489a06║   高熲被斬
H01n0001_p0489a07║  獨孤皇后知熲不可奪,陰欲去之。初,夫人卒,后言於上曰:「高僕射
H01n0001_p0489a08║老矣,而喪夫人,陛下何能不為之娶!」上以后言謂熲,熲流涕謝曰:「臣今
H01n0001_p0489a09║已老,退朝之後,唯齋居讀佛經而已。雖陛下垂哀之深,至於納室,非臣所
H01n0001_p0489a10║願。」上乃止……
H01n0001_p0489a11║  頃之,熲國令上熲陰事,稱:「其子表仁謂熲曰:『司馬仲達初托疾不
H01n0001_p0489a12║朝,遂有天下。公今遇此,焉知非福!』」於是上大怒,囚熲於內史省而鞫
H01n0001_p0489a13║之。憲司復奏熲他事,云:「沙門真覺嘗謂熲云:『明年國有大喪。』尼令暉
H01n0001_p0489a14║復云:『十七、十八年,皇帝有大厄。十九年不可過。』」上聞而益怒,顧謂
H01n0001_p0489a15║群臣曰:「帝王豈可力求。孔子以大聖之才,作法垂世,寧不欲大位邪?
H01n0001_p0489a16║天命不可耳。熲與子言,自比晉帝,此何心乎?」有司請斬熲。……於是
H01n0001_p0489a17║除名為民。
H01n0001_p0489a18║    (《隋書》卷四十一《高熲傳》1182)
H01n0001_p0489a19║
H01n0001_p0489a20║   煬帝命五郡沙門設佛供
H01n0001_p0489a21║  煬帝北巡,至恆安,見白骨被野,以問侍臣。侍臣曰:「往者韓洪與虜
H01n0001_p0489a22║戰處也。」帝憫然傷之,收葬骸骨,命五郡沙門為設佛供,拜洪隴西太守。
H01n0001_p0489a23║    (《隋書》卷五十二《韓擒虎傳》1343)
H01n0001_p0489a24║
H01n0001_p0489a25║   僧尼挾那左道者並皆禁絕
H01n0001_p0489a26║  (太建十四年)夏四月丙申,立皇子永康公胤為皇太子,賜天下為父
H01n0001_p0489a27║後者爵一級,王公以下繼帛各有差,庚子,詔:「鏤金銀薄、庶物化生、土
H01n0001_p0489a28║木人、彩華之屬,及布帛短狹輕疏者,並傷財廢業,尤成蠹患。又僧尼道
H01n0001_p0489a29║士,挾邪左道,不依經律,人間淫祀祅書諸珍怪事,詳為條制,並皆禁絕。」
H01n0001_p0489a30║    (《南史》卷十《陳本紀下第十》302)
H01n0001_p0489a31║
H01n0001_p0490a01║   詔禁屠殺含孕
H01n0001_p0490a02║  (永年)十一月甲申,詔禁屠殺含孕,以為永制。己丑,帝於式乾殿為
H01n0001_p0490a03║諸僧、朝臣講《維摩詰經》。
H01n0001_p0490a04║    (《北史》卷四《魏本紀第四》139)
H01n0001_p0490a05║
H01n0001_p0490a06║   天保元年八月詔
H01n0001_p0490a07║  (天保元年八月)庚寅,詔曰:「朕以虛薄,嗣弘王業,思所以讚揚盛
H01n0001_p0490a08║績,播之萬古。雖史官執筆,有聞無墜,猶恐緒言遣美,時或未書。在位王
H01n0001_p0490a09║公、文武大小,降及庶人,爰至僧徒,或親奉音旨,或承傳旁說,凡可載之文
H01n0001_p0490a10║籍,悉條封上。」
H01n0001_p0490a11║    (《北史》卷七《齊本紀中第七》247)
H01n0001_p0490a12║
H01n0001_p0490a13║   詔禁網捕鷹鷂
H01n0001_p0490a14║  (天統)五年春正月辛亥,詔以金鳳等三台未入寺者,施大興聖
H01n0001_p0490a15║寺……二月乙丑又詔禁網捕鷹鷂及畜養籠放之物。……夏四月甲子,詔
H01n0001_p0490a16║以并州尚書省為大基聖寺,晉祠為大崇皇寺。
H01n0001_p0490a17║    (《北史》卷八《齊本紀下第八》291)
H01n0001_p0490a18║
H01n0001_p0490a19║   辨釋三教先後,佛教為後
H01n0001_p0490a20║  (建德二年)十二月癸巳,集群官及沙門道士等,帝升高座,辨釋三教
H01n0001_p0490a21║先後。以儒教為先,道教次之,佛教為後。
H01n0001_p0490a22║    (《北史》卷十《周本紀下第十》359)
H01n0001_p0490a23║
H01n0001_p0490a24║   頒舍利於諸州
H01n0001_p0490a25║  (仁壽元年六月)乙丑,廢太學及州縣學,唯留國子一學,取正三品以
H01n0001_p0490a26║上子七十二人充生。頒舍利於諸州。
H01n0001_p0490a27║    (《北史》卷十一《隋本紀上第十一》424)
H01n0001_p0490a28║
H01n0001_p0491a01║   違制之事,悉宜停斷
H01n0001_p0491a02║  (武德九年)夏五月辛巳,以京師寺觀不甚清淨,詔曰:
H01n0001_p0491a03║  釋伽闡教,清淨為先,遠離塵垢,斷除貪慾。所以弘宣勝業,修植善
H01n0001_p0491a04║根,開導愚迷,津梁品庶。是以敷演經教,檢約學徒,調懺身心,捨諸染著,
H01n0001_p0491a05║衣服飲食,咸資四輩。
H01n0001_p0491a06║  自覺王遷謝,像法流行,末代陵遲,漸以虧濫。乃有猥賤之侶,規自尊
H01n0001_p0491a07║高;浮惰之人,苟避徭役。妄為剃度,托號出家,嗜欲無厭,營求不息。出
H01n0001_p0491a08║入閭里,周旋闤闠,驅策田產,聚積貨物。耕織為生,估販成業,事同編戶,
H01n0001_p0491a09║跡等齊人。進違戒律之文,退無禮典之訓。至乃親行劫掠,躬自穿窬,造
H01n0001_p0491a10║作妖訛,交通豪猾。每罹憲綱,自陷重刑,黷亂真如,傾毀妙法。譬茲稂
H01n0001_p0491a11║莠,有積嘉苗;類彼淤泥,混夫清水。又伽藍之地,本曰淨居,棲心之所,理
H01n0001_p0491a12║尚幽寂。近代以來,多立寺舍,不求閒曠之境,唯趨喧雜之方。繕采崎嶇,
H01n0001_p0491a13║棟宇殊拓,錯舛隱匿,誘納奸邪。或有接延廛邸,鄰近屠酤,埃塵滿室,膻
H01n0001_p0491a14║腥盈道。徒長輕慢之心,有虧崇敬之義。且老氏垂化,本貴沖虛,養志無
H01n0001_p0491a15║為,遺情物外。全真守一,是謂玄門,驅馳世務,尤乖宗旨。
H01n0001_p0491a16║  朕膺期馭宇,興隆教法,志思利益,情在護持。欲使玉石區分,薰蕕有
H01n0001_p0491a17║辨,長存妙道,永固福田,正本澄源,宜從沙汰。諸僧、尼、道士、女冠等,有
H01n0001_p0491a18║精勤練行、守戒律者,並令大寺觀居住,給衣食,勿令乏短。其不能精進、
H01n0001_p0491a19║戒行有闕、不堪供養者,並令罷遣,各還桑梓。所司明為條式,務依法教,
H01n0001_p0491a20║違制之事,悉宜停斷。京城留寺三所,觀二所。事竟不行。
H01n0001_p0491a21║    (《舊唐書》卷一《高祖本紀》16)
H01n0001_p0491a22║
H01n0001_p0491a23║   令道士、女冠、僧、尼等並盡禮致拜其父母
H01n0001_p0491a24║  (顯慶二年)六月己未朔,皇子旭輪生。乙丑,初令道士、女冠、僧、尼
H01n0001_p0491a25║等,並盡禮致拜其父母。乙亥,制蓬萊宮諸門殿亭等名。
H01n0001_p0491a26║    (《舊唐書》卷四《高宗本紀》(上)83)
H01n0001_p0491a27║
H01n0001_p0491a28║   社稷、陵寢、寺宇等並依永淳已前故事
H01n0001_p0491a29║  (神龍元年)二月甲寅,復國號,依舊為唐。社稷、宗廟、陵寢、郊祀、
H01n0001_p0492a01║行軍旗幟、服色、天地、日月、寺宇、台閣、官名,並依永淳已前故事。
H01n0001_p0492a02║    (《舊唐書》卷七《中宗本紀》136)
H01n0001_p0492a03║
H01n0001_p0492a04║   改中興寺為龍興寺
H01n0001_p0492a05║  (神龍三年二月)庚寅,改中興寺、觀為龍興,內外不得言「中興」。
H01n0001_p0492a06║    (《舊唐書》卷七《中宗本紀》143)
H01n0001_p0492a07║
H01n0001_p0492a08║   天下濫度僧尼
H01n0001_p0492a09║  (景龍元年)天下濫度僧尼、道士、女冠並依舊。
H01n0001_p0492a10║    (《舊唐書》卷七《睿宗本紀》157)
H01n0001_p0492a11║
H01n0001_p0492a12║   令道士、女冠、僧尼致拜父母
H01n0001_p0492a13║  (開元)二年春正月,關中自去秋至於是月不雨,人多饑乏,遣使賑
H01n0001_p0492a14║給。制求直諫昌言弘益政理者。名山大川,並令祈祭。丙寅,紫微令姚崇
H01n0001_p0492a15║上言請檢責天下僧尼,以偽濫還俗者二萬餘人。……(開元二年春正月)
H01n0001_p0492a16║閏月癸亥,令道士、女冠、僧尼致拜父母。
H01n0001_p0492a17║    (《舊唐書》卷八《玄宗本紀》(上)172)
H01n0001_p0492a18║
H01n0001_p0492a19║   詔綾錦花文不得用盤龍、對鳳、獅子、萬字等
H01n0001_p0492a20║  (大歷六年四月)戊寅,詔:「纂組文繡,正害女紅。今師旅未息,黎元
H01n0001_p0492a21║空虛,豈可使淫巧之風,有虧常制。其綾錦花文所織盤龍、對鳳、麒麟、獅
H01n0001_p0492a22║子、天馬、辟邪、孔雀、仙鶴、芝草、萬字、雙勝、透背,及大[糸*閒]綿、竭鑿、六破
H01n0001_p0492a23║已上,並宜禁斷。其長行高麗白錦、大小花綾錦,任依舊例織造。有司明
H01n0001_p0492a24║行曉諭。」
H01n0001_p0492a25║    (《舊唐書》卷十一《代宗紀》298)
H01n0001_p0492a26║
H01n0001_p0492a27║   詔自今更不得奏置寺觀及度人
H01n0001_p0492a28║  (大歷十四年)六月己亥朔……(詔)自今更不得奏置寺觀及度人。
H01n0001_p0492a29║    (《舊唐書》卷十二《德宗本紀》上321)
H01n0001_p0492a30║
H01n0001_p0493a01║   詔送岐州無憂王寺佛指骨
H01n0001_p0493a02║  岐州無憂王寺有佛指骨寸餘,先是取來禁中供養,乙亥,詔送還本寺。
H01n0001_p0493a03║    (《舊唐書》卷十三《德宗本紀》369)
H01n0001_p0493a04║
H01n0001_p0493a05║   命沙門、道士、文儒官討論三教
H01n0001_p0493a06║  (貞元十二年四月)庚辰,上降誕日,命沙門、道士加文儒官討論三
H01n0001_p0493a07║教,上大悅。    (《舊唐書》卷十三《德宗本紀》下383)
H01n0001_p0493a08║
H01n0001_p0493a09║   詔僧尼道士全隸左右街功德使
H01n0001_p0493a10║  (元和二年)二月辛酉,詔僧尼道士全隸左右街功德使,自是祠部司
H01n0001_p0493a11║封不復關奏。
H01n0001_p0493a12║    (《舊唐書》卷十四《憲宗本紀》上420)
H01n0001_p0493a13║
H01n0001_p0493a14║   詔「僧大通醫方不精」
H01n0001_p0493a15║  (穆宗)詔曰:「山人柳泌輕懷左道,上惑先朝。固求牧人,貴欲疑眾,
H01n0001_p0493a16║自知虛誕,仍更遁逃。僧大通醫方不精,藥術皆妄。既延禍釁,俱是奸邪。
H01n0001_p0493a17║邦國固有常刑,人神所宜共棄,付京兆府決杖處死。」金吾將軍李道古貶
H01n0001_p0493a18║循州司馬。憲宗末年,銳於服餌,皇甫鎛與李道古薦術人柳泌、僧大通待
H01n0001_p0493a19║詔翰林。泌於台州為上鍊神丹,上服之,日加躁渴,遽棄萬國。
H01n0001_p0493a20║    (《舊唐書》卷十六《穆宗本紀》475)
H01n0001_p0493a21║
H01n0001_p0493a22║   詔五坊鷹隼並解放
H01n0001_p0493a23║  (長慶二年)十二月丁亥朔,詔五坊鷹隼並解放,獵具皆毀之。
H01n0001_p0493a24║    (《舊唐書》卷十六《穆宗本紀》501)
H01n0001_p0493a25║
H01n0001_p0493a26║   憲宗朝有敕禁私度戒壇
H01n0001_p0493a27║  (長慶四年十二月)乙未,徐泗王智興請置僧尼戒壇,浙西觀察使李
H01n0001_p0493a28║德裕奏狀論其奸幸。時自憲宗朝有敕禁私度戒壇,智興冒禁陳請,蓋緣久
H01n0001_p0493a29║不興置,由是天下沙門奔走如不及。智興邀其厚利,由是致富,時議醜之。
H01n0001_p0493a30║    (《舊唐書》卷十七上《敬宗紀上》513)
H01n0001_p0493a31║
H01n0001_p0494a01║   盜銷錢為佛像者,請以盜鑄錢論
H01n0001_p0494a02║  (寶歷元年)十月庚子朔,河南尹王起奏,盜銷錢為佛像者,請以盜鑄
H01n0001_p0494a03║錢論。
H01n0001_p0494a04║    (《舊唐書》卷十七上《敬宗上》517)
H01n0001_p0494a05║
H01n0001_p0494a06║   唐武宗下敕毀佛寺等
H01n0001_p0494a07║  (會昌五年)夏四月……敕祠部檢括天下寺及僧尼人數,大凡寺四千
H01n0001_p0494a08║六百,蘭若四萬,僧尼二十六萬五百……秋七月庚子,敕並省天下佛寺。
H01n0001_p0494a09║中書門下條疏聞奏:「據令式,諸上州國忌日官吏行香於寺,其上州望各
H01n0001_p0494a10║留寺一所,有列聖尊容,便令移於寺內;其下州寺並廢。其上都、東都兩街
H01n0001_p0494a11║請留十寺,寺僧十人。」敕曰:「上州合留寺,工作精妙者留之;如破落,亦
H01n0001_p0494a12║宜廢毀。其合行香日,官吏宜於道觀。其上都、下都每街留寺兩所,寺留
H01n0001_p0494a13║僧三十人。上都左街留慈恩、薦福,右街留西明、莊嚴。」中書又奏:「天下
H01n0001_p0494a14║廢寺,銅像、鐘磬委鹽鐵使鑄錢,其鐵像委本州鑄為農器,金、銀、瑜石等像
H01n0001_p0494a15║銷付度支。衣冠士庶之家所有金、銀、銅、鐵之像,敕出後限一月納官,如
H01n0001_p0494a16║違,委鹽鐵使依禁銅法處分。其土、木、石等像合留寺內依舊。」又奏:「僧
H01n0001_p0494a17║尼不合隸祠部,請隸鴻臚寺。其大秦穆護等祠,釋教既已釐革,邪法不可
H01n0001_p0494a18║獨存。其人並勒還俗,遞歸本貫充稅戶。如外國人,送還本處收管。」
H01n0001_p0494a19║  八月,制:
H01n0001_p0494a20║  朕聞三代已前,未嘗言佛,漢、魏之後,像教浸興。是由季時,傳此異
H01n0001_p0494a21║俗,因緣染習,蔓衍滋多。以至於蠹耗國風,而漸不覺;誘惑人意,而眾益
H01n0001_p0494a22║迷。洎於九州山原,兩京城闕,僧徒日廣,佛寺日崇。勞人力於土木之功,
H01n0001_p0494a23║奪人利於金寶之飾,遺君親於師資之際,違配偶於戒律之間。壞法害人,
H01n0001_p0494a24║無逾此道。且一夫不田,有受其饑者;一婦不蠶,有受其寒者。今天下僧
H01n0001_p0494a25║尼,不可勝數,皆待農而食,待蠶而衣。寺宇招提,莫知紀極,皆云構藻飾,
H01n0001_p0494a26║僭擬宮居。晉、宋、齊、梁,物力凋瘵,風俗澆詐,莫不由是而致也。況我高
H01n0001_p0494a27║祖、太宗,以武定禍亂,以文理華夏,執此二柄,足以經邦,豈可以區區西方
H01n0001_p0494a28║之教,與我抗衡哉!貞觀、開元,亦嘗釐革,劃除不盡,流衍轉滋。朕博覽
H01n0001_p0494a29║前言,旁求輿議,弊之可革,斷在不疑。而中外誠臣,協予至意,條疏至當,
H01n0001_p0494a30║宜在必行。懲千古之蠹源,成百王之典法,濟人利眾,予何讓焉。其天下
H01n0001_p0495a01║所拆寺四千六百餘所,還俗僧尼二十六萬五百人,收充兩稅戶,拆招提、蘭
H01n0001_p0495a02║若四萬餘所,收膏腴上田數千萬頃,收奴婢為兩稅戶十五萬人。隸僧尼屬
H01n0001_p0495a03║主客,顯明外國之教。勒大秦穆護、祆三千餘人還俗,不雜中華之風。於
H01n0001_p0495a04║戲!前古未行,似將有待;及今盡去,豈謂無時。驅遊惰不業之徒,已逾十
H01n0001_p0495a05║萬;廢丹雘無用之室,何啻億千。自此清淨訓人,慕無為之理;簡易齊政,
H01n0001_p0495a06║成一俗之功。將使六合黔黎,同歸皇化。尚以革弊之始,日用不知,下制
H01n0001_p0495a07║明廷,宜體予意。
H01n0001_p0495a08║    (《舊唐書》卷十八上《武宗本紀》604)
H01n0001_p0495a09║
H01n0001_p0495a10║   唐武宗下敕
H01n0001_p0495a11║  (會昌五年)十月乙亥,中書奏:「氾水縣武牢關是太宗擒王世充、竇
H01n0001_p0495a12║建德之地,關城東峰有二聖塑容,在一堂之內。伏以山河如舊,城壘猶存,
H01n0001_p0495a13║威靈皆盛於軒台,風雲疑還於豐沛。誠宜百代嚴奉,萬邦式瞻。西漢故
H01n0001_p0495a14║事,祖宗嘗行幸處,皆令邦國立廟。今緣定覺寺例合毀拆。望取寺中大殿
H01n0001_p0495a15║材木,於東峰以造一殿,四面置宮牆,伏望名為昭武廟,以昭聖祖武功之
H01n0001_p0495a16║盛。委懷孟節度使差判官一人勾當。緣聖像年代已久,望令李石於東都
H01n0001_p0495a17║揀好畫手,就增嚴飾。初興功日,望令東都差分司官一員薦告。」從之。
H01n0001_p0495a18║  十一月甲辰,敕:「悲田養病坊,緣僧尼還俗,無人主持,恐殘疾無以
H01n0001_p0495a19║取給,兩京量給寺田賑濟。諸州府七頃至十頃,各於本管選耆壽一人勾
H01n0001_p0495a20║當,以充粥料。」
H01n0001_p0495a21║    (《舊唐書》卷十八《武宗本紀》606)
H01n0001_p0495a22║
H01n0001_p0495a23║   改寺名
H01n0001_p0495a24║  會昌五年,留守李石因太微宮正殿圮陊,以廢弘敬寺為太廟,迎神主
H01n0001_p0495a25║祔之。又下百僚議,皆言准故事,無兩都俱置之禮,唯禮部侍郎陳商議云:
H01n0001_p0495a26║「周之文、武,有鎬、洛二廟,令兩都異廟可也。然不宜置主於廟,主宜依
H01n0001_p0495a27║禮瘞於廟之北墉下。」事未行而武宗崩。宣宗即位,因詔有司迎太微宮寓
H01n0001_p0495a28║主,祔廢寺之新廟,而知禮者非之。制皇長男溫可封鄆王,二男涇可封雅
H01n0001_p0495a29║王,第三男滋可封蘄王,第四男沂可封慶王。
H01n0001_p0495a30║  五月,左右街功德使奏:「准今月五日赦書節文,上都兩街舊留四寺
H01n0001_p0496a01║外,更添置八所。兩所依舊名興唐寺、保壽寺。六所請改舊名,寶應寺
H01n0001_p0496a02║改為資聖寺,青龍寺改為護國寺,菩提寺改為保唐寺,清禪寺改為安國寺,法
H01n0001_p0496a03║雲尼寺改為唐安寺,崇敬尼寺改為唐昌寺。右街添置八所。西明寺改為
H01n0001_p0496a04║福壽寺,莊嚴寺改為聖壽寺,舊留寺。二所舊名,千福寺改為興元寺。化
H01n0001_p0496a05║度寺改為崇福寺,永泰寺改為萬壽寺,溫國寺改為崇聖寺,經行寺改為龍
H01n0001_p0496a06║興寺,奉恩寺改為興福寺。」敕旨依奏。誅道士劉玄靖等十二人,以其說
H01n0001_p0496a07║惑武宗,排毀釋氏故也。
H01n0001_p0496a08║    (《舊唐書》卷十八十《宣宗本紀》614)
H01n0001_p0496a09║
H01n0001_p0496a10║   修創會昌毀寺
H01n0001_p0496a11║  (大中元年)閏三月,敕:「會昌季年,並省寺宇。雖云異方之教,無損
H01n0001_p0496a12║致理之源。中國之人,久行其道,釐革過當,事體未弘。其靈山勝境、天下
H01n0001_p0496a13║州府,應會昌五年四月所廢寺宇,有宿舊名僧,復能修創,一任住持,所司
H01n0001_p0496a14║不得禁止。」
H01n0001_p0496a15║    (《舊唐書》卷十八下《宣宗本紀》617)
H01n0001_p0496a16║
H01n0001_p0496a17║   每寺立三綱
H01n0001_p0496a18║  郎中、員外郎之職,掌祠祀、享祭、天文、漏刻、國忌、廟諱、卜筮、醫藥、
H01n0001_p0496a19║僧尼之事。……凡天下寺有定數,每寺立三綱,以行業高者充。諸州寺總
H01n0001_p0496a20║五千三百五十八所,三千二百三十五所僧,二千一百二十二所尼。每寺上
H01n0001_p0496a21║座一人,寺主一人,都維那一人。凡僧簿籍,三年一造。凡別敕設齋,應行
H01n0001_p0496a22║道並官給料。凡國忌日,兩京大寺各二,以散齋僧尼。文武五品已上,清
H01n0001_p0496a23║官七品已上皆集,行香而退。天下州府亦然。凡遠忌日,雖不廢務,然非
H01n0001_p0496a24║軍務急切,亦不舉事。餘如常式。
H01n0001_p0496a25║    (《舊唐書》卷四十三《職官志》(二)1831)
H01n0001_p0496a26║
H01n0001_p0496a27║   凡天下寺觀三綱
H01n0001_p0496a28║  凡天下寺觀三綱,及京都大德,皆取其道德高妙、為眾所推者補充,申
H01n0001_p0496a29║尚書祠部。
H01n0001_p0496a30║    (《舊唐書》卷四十四《職官志》(三)1885)
H01n0001_p0496a31║
H01n0001_p0497a01║   鬻爵、度僧尼
H01n0001_p0497a02║  (天寶)十月辛巳朔,日有食之。癸未,次彭原郡。詔御史諫官論事
H01n0001_p0497a03║勿先白大夫及宰相。始鬻爵、度僧尼。
H01n0001_p0497a04║    (《新唐書》卷六《肅宗本紀》157)
H01n0001_p0497a05║
H01n0001_p0497a06║   祠部置郎中、員外郎,各一人,掌祠祀、天文、僧尼等事
H01n0001_p0497a07║  祠部郎中、員外郎,各一人,掌祠祀、享祭、天文、漏刻、國忌、廟諱、卜
H01n0001_p0497a08║筮、醫藥、僧尼之事。珠玉珍寶供祭者,不求於市。駕部、比部歲會牲之死
H01n0001_p0497a09║亡,輸皮於太府。郊祭酒醴、脯醢、黍稷、果實,所司長官封署以供。兩京
H01n0001_p0497a10║及磧西諸州火祅,歲再祀,而禁民祈祭。
H01n0001_p0497a11║    (《新唐書》卷四十六《百官志》(一)1195)
H01n0001_p0497a12║
H01n0001_p0497a13║   殿中御史分察寺觀
H01n0001_p0497a14║  凡十道巡按,以判官二人為佐,務繁則有支使……國忌齋,則與殿中
H01n0001_p0497a15║侍御史分察寺觀。蒞宴射、習射及大祠、中祠,視不如儀者以聞。
H01n0001_p0497a16║    (《新唐書》卷四十八《百官志》(三)1240)
H01n0001_p0497a17║
H01n0001_p0497a18║   道士、女官、僧、尼見夫子必拜
H01n0001_p0497a19║  崇玄署令一人,正八品下;丞一人,正九品下。掌京都諸觀名數與道
H01n0001_p0497a20║士帳籍、齋醮之事。新羅、日本僧入朝學問,九年不還者編諸籍。道士、女
H01n0001_p0497a21║官、僧、尼,見天子必拜。凡止民家,不過三夜。出逾宿者,立案連署,不過
H01n0001_p0497a22║七日,路遠者州縣給程。天下觀一千六百八十七,道士七百七十六,女官
H01n0001_p0497a23║九百八十八;寺五千三百五十八,僧七萬五千五百二十四,尼五萬五百七
H01n0001_p0497a24║十六。兩京度僧、尼、道士、女官,御史一人蒞之。每三歲州、縣為籍,一以
H01n0001_p0497a25║留縣,一以留州;僧、尼,一以上祠部,道士、女官,一以上宗正,一以上司
H01n0001_p0497a26║封。
H01n0001_p0497a27║  有府二人,史三人,典事六人,掌固二人,崇玄學博士一人、學生百人。
H01n0001_p0497a28║隋以署隸鴻臚,又有道場,玄壇。唐置諸寺觀監,隸鴻臚寺,每寺觀有監一
H01n0001_p0497a29║人。貞觀中,廢寺觀監。上元二年,置漆園監,尋廢。開元二十五年,置崇
H01n0001_p0497a30║玄學於玄元皇帝廟。天寶元年,兩京置博士、助教各一員,學生百人,每祠
H01n0001_p0498a01║享,以學生代齋郎。二載,改崇玄學曰崇玄館,博士曰學士,助教曰直學
H01n0001_p0498a02║士,置大學士一人,以宰相為之,領兩京玄元宮及道院,改天下崇玄學為通
H01n0001_p0498a03║道學,博士曰道德博士,未幾而罷。寶應、永泰間,學生存者亡幾。大歷三
H01n0001_p0498a04║年,復增至百人。初,天下僧、尼、道士、女官,皆隸鴻臚寺,武后延載元年,
H01n0001_p0498a05║以僧、尼隸祠部。開元二十四年,道士、女官隸宗正寺,天寶二載,以道士
H01n0001_p0498a06║隸司封。貞元四年,崇玄館罷大學士,後復置左右街大功德使、東都功德
H01n0001_p0498a07║使、修功德使,總僧、尼之籍及功役。元和二年,以道士、女官隸左右街功
H01n0001_p0498a08║德使。會昌二年,以僧、尼隸主客,太清宮置玄元館,亦有學士,至六年廢,
H01n0001_p0498a09║而僧、尼復隸兩街功德使。
H01n0001_p0498a10║    (《新唐書》卷四十八《百官志》(三)1252)
H01n0001_p0498a11║
H01n0001_p0498a12║   為(太宗)刻玉像
H01n0001_p0498a13║  始,高祖仕隋時,太宗方幼而病,為刻玉像於熒陽佛祠以祈年,久而刓
H01n0001_p0498a14║晦,(張)仲方在鄭,敕吏治護,鏤石以聞,傳於時。
H01n0001_p0498a15║    (《新唐書》卷一百二十六《張九齡傳》4432)
H01n0001_p0498a16║
H01n0001_p0498a17║   禁斷屠宰
H01n0001_p0498a18║  (乾化二年)四月己酉,……丙辰,敕:「近者星辰違度,式在修禳,宜
H01n0001_p0498a19║令兩京及宋州、魏州取此月至五月禁斷屠宰。仍各於佛寺開建道場,以迎
H01n0001_p0498a20║福應。」    (《舊五代史》卷七《太祖紀第七》106)
H01n0001_p0498a21║
H01n0001_p0498a22║   不許妄求師號紫衣
H01n0001_p0498a23║  (龍德元年)三月丁亥朔,祠部員外郎李樞上言:「請禁天下私度僧
H01n0001_p0498a24║尼,及不許妄求師號紫衣。如願出家受戒者,皆須赴闕比試藝業施行,願
H01n0001_p0498a25║歸俗者一聽自便。」自便,原本作「自使」,今據文改正。(影庫本粘簽)
H01n0001_p0498a26║(末帝)詔曰:「兩都左右街賜紫衣及師號僧,委功德使具名聞奏。今後有
H01n0001_p0498a27║闕,方得奏薦,仍須道行精至,夏臘高深,方得補填。每遇明聖節,兩街各
H01n0001_p0498a28║許官壇度七人。諸道如要度僧,亦仰就京官壇,仍令祠部給牒。今後只兩
H01n0001_p0498a29║街置僧錄,道錄僧正並廢。」
H01n0001_p0498a30║    (《舊五代史》卷十《末帝紀下》146)
H01n0001_p0498a31║
H01n0001_p0499a01║   天下寺觀門額並復舊名
H01n0001_p0499a02║  (同光元年十月)(丙戌)是日……又詔除毀朱氏宗廟神主,偽梁二主
H01n0001_p0499a03║並降為庶人。天下官名府號及寺觀門額,曾經改易者,並復舊名。
H01n0001_p0499a04║    (《舊五代史》卷三十《莊宗紀第四》414)
H01n0001_p0499a05║
H01n0001_p0499a06║   不得輒造寺院、私自剃度
H01n0001_p0499a07║  (天成元年)十一月戊午……壬戌,以前房州刺史朱罕為穎州團練
H01n0001_p0499a08║使。是日,詔曰:「應今日已前修蓋得寺院,無令毀廢,自此已後不得輒有
H01n0001_p0499a09║建造。如要願在僧門,並須官壇受戒,不得衷私剃度。」
H01n0001_p0499a10║    (《舊五代史》卷三十七《明宗紀第三》512)
H01n0001_p0499a11║
H01n0001_p0499a12║   賜號弘梵大師
H01n0001_p0499a13║  (天福二年春正月)丙寅……是日,(高祖)詔曰:「西天中印土摩竭陀
H01n0001_p0499a14║舍衛國大菩提寺三藏阿闍梨沙門室利縛羅,宜賜號弘梵大師。」
H01n0001_p0499a15║    (《舊五代史》卷七十六《高祖紀第二》995)
H01n0001_p0499a16║
H01n0001_p0499a17║   城郭村坊,不得創造僧尼院舍
H01n0001_p0499a18║  (天福四年十二月)丙辰,詔今後城郭村坊,不得創造僧尼院舍。
H01n0001_p0499a19║    (《舊五代史》卷七十八《高祖紀第四》1034)
H01n0001_p0499a20║
H01n0001_p0499a21║   禁止天下僧尼典買院舍
H01n0001_p0499a22║  (開運二年)秋七月乙未朔……甲寅,左諫議大夫李元龜奏,請禁止
H01n0001_p0499a23║天下僧尼典買院舍,從之。
H01n0001_p0499a24║    (《舊五代史》卷八十四《少帝紀第四》1109)
H01n0001_p0499a25║
H01n0001_p0499a26║   詔廢無名額僧尼寺院五十八所
H01n0001_p0499a27║  (廣順三年閏正月)己酉,開封府奏,都城內錄到無名額僧尼寺院五
H01n0001_p0499a28║十八所。詔廢之。
H01n0001_p0499a29║    (《舊五代史》卷一百一十二《太祖紀第三》1490)
H01n0001_p0499a30║
H01n0001_p0500a01║   詔限州郡寺數
H01n0001_p0500a02║  (顯德二年五月)甲戌,詔曰:
H01n0001_p0500a03║  釋氏貞宗,聖人妙道,助世勸善,其利甚優。前代以來,累有條貫,近
H01n0001_p0500a04║年已降,頗紊規繩。近覽諸州奏聞,繼有緇徒犯法,蓋無科禁,遂至尤違,
H01n0001_p0500a05║私度僧尼,日增猥雜,創修寺院,漸至繁多,鄉村之中,其弊轉甚。漏綱背
H01n0001_p0500a06║軍之輩,苟剃削以逃刑;行奸為盜之徒,托住持而隱惡。將隆教法,須辯否
H01n0001_p0500a07║臧,宜舉舊章,用革前弊。
H01n0001_p0500a08║  諸道州府縣鎮村坊,應有敕額寺院,一切仍舊,其無敕額者,並仰停
H01n0001_p0500a09║廢,所有功德佛像及僧尼,並騰並於合留寺院內安置。天下諸縣城郭內,
H01n0001_p0500a10║若無敕額寺院,祗於合停廢寺院內,選功德屋宇最多者,或寺院僧尼各留
H01n0001_p0500a11║一所,若無尼住,祗留僧寺院一所。諸軍鎮坊郭及二百戶已上者,亦依諸
H01n0001_p0500a12║縣例指揮。如邊遠州郡無敕額寺院處,於停廢寺院內僧尼各留兩所。今
H01n0001_p0500a13║後並不得創造寺院蘭若。王公戚里諸道節刺已下,今後不得奏請創造寺
H01n0001_p0500a14║院及請開置戒壇。男子女子如有志原出家者,並取父母、祖父母處分,已
H01n0001_p0500a15║孤者取同居伯叔兄處分,侯聽許方得出家。男年十五已上,念得經文一百
H01n0001_p0500a16║紙,或讀得經文五百紙,女年十三已上,念得經文七十紙,或讀得經文三百
H01n0001_p0500a17║紙者,經本府陳狀乞剃頭,委錄事參軍本判官試驗經文。其未剃頭間,須
H01n0001_p0500a18║留髮髻,如有私剃頭者,卻勒還俗,其本師主決重杖勒還俗,仍配役三年。
H01n0001_p0500a19║兩京、大名府、京兆府、青州各處置戒壇,候受戒時,兩京委祠部差官引試,
H01n0001_p0500a20║其大名府等三處,祗委本判官錄事參引試。如有私受戒者,其本人、師主、
H01n0001_p0500a21║臨壇三綱、知事僧尼,並同私剃頭例科罪。應合剃頭受戒人等,逐處聞奏,
H01n0001_p0500a22║候敕下,委祠部給付憑由,方得剃頭受戒。應男女有父母、祖父母在,別無
H01n0001_p0500a23║兒息侍養,不聽出家。曾有罪犯,遭官司刑責之人,及棄背父母、逃亡奴
H01n0001_p0500a24║婢、奸人細作、惡逆徒黨、山林亡命、未獲賊徒、負罪潛竄人等,並不得出家
H01n0001_p0500a25║剃頭。如有寺院輒容受者,其本人及師主、三綱、知事僧尼、鄰房同住僧,
H01n0001_p0500a26║並仰收捉禁勘,申奏取裁。
H01n0001_p0500a27║  僧尼俗士,自前多有捨身、燒臂、煉指、釘截手足、帶鈴掛燈、諸般毀壞
H01n0001_p0500a28║身體、戲弄道具、符禁左道、妄稱變現還魂坐化、聖水聖燈妖幻之類,皆是
H01n0001_p0500a29║聚眾眩惑流俗,今後一切止絕。如有此色人,仰所在嚴斷,遞配邊遠,仍勒
H01n0001_p0500a30║歸俗,其所犯罪重者,准格律處分。每年造僧賬兩本,其一本奏聞,一本申
H01n0001_p0501a01║祠部,逐年四月十五日後,勒諸縣取索管界寺院僧尼數目申州,州司攢賬,
H01n0001_p0501a02║至五月終以前文帳到京,僧尼籍帳內無名者,並勒還俗。其巡禮行腳,出
H01n0001_p0501a03║入往來,一切取便。
H01n0001_p0501a04║  是歲,諸道供到帳籍,所存寺院凡二千六百九十四所,廢寺院凡三萬
H01n0001_p0501a05║三百三十六,僧尼係籍者六萬一千二百人。
H01n0001_p0501a06║    (《舊五代史》卷一百一十五《世宗紀第二》1529)
H01n0001_p0501a07║
H01n0001_p0501a08║   禁私度僧尼
H01n0001_p0501a09║  (龍德元年)三月丁亥朔,禁私度僧尼。
H01n0001_p0501a10║    (《新五代史》卷三《末帝本紀》28)
H01n0001_p0501a11║
H01n0001_p0501a12║   括西京寺觀
H01n0001_p0501a13║  (太平興國四年五月)優賞歸順將校,盡括僧道隸西京寺觀,官吏及
H01n0001_p0501a14║高貲戶授田河南。
H01n0001_p0501a15║    (《宋史》卷四《太宗本紀》(一)62)
H01n0001_p0501a16║
H01n0001_p0501a17║   遣官謝天地、宗廟寺觀
H01n0001_p0501a18║  (嘉佑元年)辛未,司天監言:自至和元年五月,客星晨出東方守天
H01n0001_p0501a19║關,至是沒。壬申,遣官謝天地、宗廟、社稷、寺觀、諸祠。
H01n0001_p0501a20║    (《宋史》卷十二《仁宗本紀》(四)239)
H01n0001_p0501a21║
H01n0001_p0501a22║   命宰臣祈福於宗廟、寺觀
H01n0001_p0501a23║  (嘉佑八年)戊辰,初御延和殿。以疾未平,命宰臣祈福於天地、宗
H01n0001_p0501a24║廟、社稷及寺觀,又禱于岳瀆名山。
H01n0001_p0501a25║    (《宋史》卷十三《英宗本紀》254)
H01n0001_p0501a26║
H01n0001_p0501a27║   佛改號大覺金仙,僧為德士
H01n0001_p0501a28║  宣和元年春正月……乙卯,詔:「佛改號大覺金仙,餘為仙人、大士。
H01n0001_p0501a29║僧為德士,易服飾,稱姓氏。寺為宮,院為觀。」改女冠為女道,尼為女德
H01n0001_p0501a30║……
H01n0001_p0502a01║  (三月己未)詔天下知宮觀道士與監司、郡縣官以客禮相見。
H01n0001_p0502a02║    (《宋史》卷二十二《徽宗本紀》(四)403)
H01n0001_p0502a03║
H01n0001_p0502a04║   詔德士並許入道學,依道士法
H01n0001_p0502a05║  (宣和元年)五月丙午朔,有物如龍形,見京師民家。丁未,詔德士並
H01n0001_p0502a06║許入道學,依道士法。
H01n0001_p0502a07║    (《宋史》卷二十二《徽宗本紀》(四)404)
H01n0001_p0502a08║
H01n0001_p0502a09║   復寺院額
H01n0001_p0502a10║  (宣和二年六月)丁亥,復寺院額。
H01n0001_p0502a11║    (《宋史》卷二十二《徽宗本紀》(四)406)
H01n0001_p0502a12║
H01n0001_p0502a13║   換給僧道度牒
H01n0001_p0502a14║  (建炎四年正月)己巳,換給僧道度牒,人輸錢十千。
H01n0001_p0502a15║    (《宋史》卷二十六《高宗本紀》(三)476)
H01n0001_p0502a16║
H01n0001_p0502a17║   詔括寺觀田租
H01n0001_p0502a18║  (建炎四年十一月)詔諸路轉運司括借寺觀田租蘆場三年。
H01n0001_p0502a19║    (《宋史》卷二十六《高宗本紀》(三)484)
H01n0001_p0502a20║
H01n0001_p0502a21║   賣度牒錢
H01n0001_p0502a22║  (紹興元年)三月庚子朔,張浚進鬻田及賣度牒錢六十三萬緡助軍
H01n0001_p0502a23║用。
H01n0001_p0502a24║    (《宋史》卷二十九《高宗本紀》(六)548)
H01n0001_p0502a25║
H01n0001_p0502a26║   停給度僧牒
H01n0001_p0502a27║  (紹興十二年五月丙午)停給度僧牒。
H01n0001_p0502a28║    (《宋史》卷三十《高宗本紀》(七)556)
H01n0001_p0502a29║
H01n0001_p0503a01║   命僧道納免丁錢
H01n0001_p0503a02║  (紹興十五年正月)辛未,初命僧道納免丁錢。
H01n0001_p0503a03║    (《宋史》卷三十《高宗本紀》(七)562)
H01n0001_p0503a04║
H01n0001_p0503a05║   減僧道免丁錢
H01n0001_p0503a06║  (紹興二十九年九月丙申)蠲中下戶所欠稅賦及江、浙蝗潦州縣租。
H01n0001_p0503a07║丁酉,減僧道免丁錢。己亥,蠲見監贓罰賞錢。
H01n0001_p0503a08║    (《宋史》卷三十一《高宗本紀》(八)593)
H01n0001_p0503a09║
H01n0001_p0503a10║   鬻僧道度牒
H01n0001_p0503a11║  (紹興三十一年二月)乙丑,復鬻僧道度牒。
H01n0001_p0503a12║    (《宋史》卷三十二《高宗本紀》(九)599)
H01n0001_p0503a13║
H01n0001_p0503a14║   舉子不得以申、韓、佛書為學
H01n0001_p0503a15║  時科舉罷詞賦,專用王安石經義,且雜以釋氏之說。凡士子自一語
H01n0001_p0503a16║上,非新義不得用,學者至不誦正經,唯竊安石之書以干進,精熟者轉上
H01n0001_p0503a17║第,故科舉益弊。公著始令禁主司不得出題老、莊書,舉子不得以申、韓、
H01n0001_p0503a18║佛書為學,經義參用古今諸儒說,毋得專取王氏。復賢良方正科。
H01n0001_p0503a19║    (《宋史》卷三百三十六《呂公著傳》10775)
H01n0001_p0503a20║
H01n0001_p0503a21║   求有名稱僧道加以恩命
H01n0001_p0503a22║  開運末,契丹主兀欲立,求有名稱僧道加以恩命,惟[怡-台+登]隱不受。
H01n0001_p0503a23║    (《宋史》卷四百六十一《方伎上.蘇澄隱傳》13511)
H01n0001_p0503a24║
H01n0001_p0503a25║   予度牒告身
H01n0001_p0503a26║  浙西田畝有直千緡者,似道均以四十緡買之。數稍多,予銀絹;又多,
H01n0001_p0503a27║予度牒告身。
H01n0001_p0503a28║    (《宋史》卷四百七十四《奸臣傳》(四)13782)
H01n0001_p0503a29║
H01n0001_p0504a01║   無令(佛寺)徒費財用
H01n0001_p0504a02║  (大定十四年)四月乙丑,上諭宰臣曰:「聞愚民祈福,多建佛寺,雖已
H01n0001_p0504a03║條禁,尚多犯者,宜申約束,無令徒費財用。」
H01n0001_p0504a04║    (《金史》卷七《世宗本紀》(中)161)
H01n0001_p0504a05║
H01n0001_p0504a06║   僧尼以後並聽拜父母
H01n0001_p0504a07║  (明昌三年三月)癸巳,尚書省奏:「言事者謂,釋道之流不拜父母親
H01n0001_p0504a08║屬,敗壞風俗,莫此為甚。禮官言唐開元二年敕云:『聞道士、女冠、僧、尼
H01n0001_p0504a09║不拜二親,是為子而忘其生,傲親而徇於末。自今以後並聽拜父母,其有
H01n0001_p0504a10║喪紀輕重及尊屬禮數,一准常儀。』臣等以為宜依典故行之。」制可。
H01n0001_p0504a11║    (《金史》卷九《章宗本紀》(一)221)
H01n0001_p0504a12║
H01n0001_p0504a13║   敕長老、大師、大德不限年甲
H01n0001_p0504a14║  (承安元年六月)丁卯,敕自今長老、大師、大德不限年甲,長老、大師
H01n0001_p0504a15║許度弟子三人,大德二人,戒僧年四十以上者度一人。其大定十五年附籍
H01n0001_p0504a16║沙彌年六十以上並令受戒,仍不許度弟子。尼、道士、女冠亦如之。御史
H01n0001_p0504a17║大夫移剌仲方罷。庚午,幸環秀亭觀稼。
H01n0001_p0504a18║    (《金史》卷十《章宗本紀》(二)239)
H01n0001_p0504a19║
H01n0001_p0504a20║   降僧道空名度牒
H01n0001_p0504a21║  (承安二年四月)甲子,祈雨於社稷。尚書省奏,比歲北邊調度頗多,
H01n0001_p0504a22║請降僧道空名度牒紫褐師德號以助軍儲,從之。
H01n0001_p0504a23║    (《金史》卷十《章宗本紀》(二)241)
H01n0001_p0504a24║
H01n0001_p0504a25║   放僧道戒牒三千
H01n0001_p0504a26║  (泰和二年)十二月癸酉,以皇子晬日,放僧道戒牒三千。
H01n0001_p0504a27║    (《金史》卷十六《宣宗本紀》(下)259)
H01n0001_p0504a28║
H01n0001_p0505a01║   賞募河西諸蕃部族寺僧
H01n0001_p0505a02║  (元光元年二月)乙酉,陝西西路行省請以厚賞募河西諸蕃部族寺
H01n0001_p0505a03║僧,圖復大通城,命行省樞密院籌之。
H01n0001_p0505a04║    (《金史》卷十六《宣宗本紀》(下)361)
H01n0001_p0505a05║
H01n0001_p0505a06║   僧尼道女冠有師號許服花紗綾羅絲紬
H01n0001_p0505a07║  大定十三年,太常寺擬士人及僧尼道女冠有師號、並良閒官八品以
H01n0001_p0505a08║上,許服花紗綾羅絲紬。
H01n0001_p0505a09║    (《金史》卷四十三《輿服志》(下)986)
H01n0001_p0505a10║
H01n0001_p0505a11║   《釋道令》十條
H01n0001_p0505a12║  (泰和元年)十二月,所修律成……名曰《泰和律義》。自《官品令》、
H01n0001_p0505a13║《職員令》之下,曰《祠令》四十八條……《雜令》四十九條,《釋道令》十條
H01n0001_p0505a14║……
H01n0001_p0505a15║    (《金史》卷四十五《刑志》1024)
H01n0001_p0505a16║
H01n0001_p0505a17║  (泰和六年)寺觀則設綱首。
H01n0001_p0505a18║    (《金史》卷四十六《食貨志》(一)1031)
H01n0001_p0505a19║
H01n0001_p0505a20║   惟神佛像、鍾等則存之
H01n0001_p0505a21║  (大定)十一年二月,禁私鑄銅鏡,舊有銅器悉送官,給其直之半。惟
H01n0001_p0505a22║神佛像、鍾、磬、鈸、鈷、腰束帶,魚袋之屬,則存之。
H01n0001_p0505a23║    (《金史》卷四十八《食貨志》(三)1070)
H01n0001_p0505a24║
H01n0001_p0505a25║   試僧、尼、道、女冠,三年一次
H01n0001_p0505a26║  掌凡禮樂、祭祀、燕享、學校、貢舉、儀式、制度、符印、表疏、圖書、冊
H01n0001_p0505a27║命、祥瑞、天文、漏刻、國忌、廟諱、醫卜、釋道、四方使客、諸國進貢、犒勞張
H01n0001_p0505a28║設之事。凡試僧、尼、道、女冠,三年一次,限度八十人,差京府幕職或節鎮
H01n0001_p0505a29║防禦佐貳官二員、僧官二人、道官一人、司吏一名、從人各一人、廚子二人、
H01n0001_p0505a30║把門官一名、雜役三人。僧童能讀《法華》、《心地觀》、《金光明》、《報
H01n0001_p0506a01║恩》、《華嚴》等經共五部,計八帙。《華嚴經》分為四帙。每帙取二卷,卷
H01n0001_p0506a02║舉四題,讀百字為限。尼童試經半部,與僧童同。道士、女冠童行念《道
H01n0001_p0506a03║德》、《救苦》、《玉京山》、《消災》、《靈寶度人》等經,皆以誦成句、依音釋
H01n0001_p0506a04║為通。中選者試官給據,以名報有司。凡僧尼官見管人及八十、道士女冠
H01n0001_p0506a05║及三十人者放度一名,死者令監壇以度牒申部毀之。
H01n0001_p0506a06║    (《金史》卷五十五《百官志》(一)1234)
H01n0001_p0506a07║
H01n0001_p0506a08║   僧道官師德號度牒、寺觀院額等,並聽買之
H01n0001_p0506a09║  (興定)三年,河南頗豐稔,民間多積粟,汝礪乃奏曰:「國家之務莫重
H01n0001_p0506a10║於食……乞於河南州府驗其物價低昂,權宜立式,凡內外四品以下雜正班
H01n0001_p0506a11║散官及承蔭人,免當儤使監官功酬,或僧道官師德號度牒、寺觀院額等,並
H01n0001_p0506a12║聽買之。司縣官有能勸誘輸粟至三千石者,將來注授升本榜首,五千石以
H01n0001_p0506a13║上遷官一階,萬石以上升職一等,並注見闕。庶幾人知勸慕,多所收穫。」
H01n0001_p0506a14║上從之。
H01n0001_p0506a15║    (《金史》卷一百七《高汝礪傳》2359)
H01n0001_p0506a16║
H01n0001_p0506a17║   敕僧、道、也里可溫有家室不持戒律者,占籍為民
H01n0001_p0506a18║  (至元七年)九月庚子,敕僧、道、也里可溫有家室不持戒律者,占籍
H01n0001_p0506a19║為民……十一月壬子,河西諸郡諸王頓舍,僧、民協力供給。
H01n0001_p0506a20║    (《元史》卷七《世祖本紀》(四)131)
H01n0001_p0506a21║
H01n0001_p0506a22║   詔諭歸附官吏士民軍匠僧道等各安己業
H01n0001_p0506a23║  (至元十二年二月)戊申,詔諭江、黃、鄂、岳、漢陽、安慶等處歸附官
H01n0001_p0506a24║吏士民軍匠僧道人等,令農者就耒,商者就塗,士庶緇黃,各安己業,如或
H01n0001_p0506a25║鎮守官吏妄有搔擾,詣行中書省陳告。
H01n0001_p0506a26║    (《元史》卷八《世祖本紀》(五)161)
H01n0001_p0506a27║
H01n0001_p0506a28║   名山大川,寺觀廟宇不許拆毀
H01n0001_p0506a29║  (至元十三年二月)丁未,詔諭臨安新附府州司縣官吏士民軍卒人等
H01n0001_p0506a30║曰:
H01n0001_p0507a01║  ……前代聖賢之後,高尚儒、醫、僧、道、卜筮,通曉天文歷數,並山林
H01n0001_p0507a02║隱逸名士,仰所在官司,具以名聞。名山大川,寺觀廟宇,並前代名人遺
H01n0001_p0507a03║跡,不許拆毀。鰥寡孤獨不能自存之人,量加贍給。
H01n0001_p0507a04║    (《元史》卷九《世祖本紀》(六)178)
H01n0001_p0507a05║
H01n0001_p0507a06║   禁西番僧持軍器
H01n0001_p0507a07║  (至元十三年閏三月)甲子,禁西番僧持軍器。
H01n0001_p0507a08║    (《元史》卷九《世祖本紀》(六)181)
H01n0001_p0507a09║
H01n0001_p0507a10║   敕西京搜索五臺僧匿逃奴
H01n0001_p0507a11║  (至元十六年五月)丙辰,以五臺僧多匿逃奴及逋賦之民,敕西京宣
H01n0001_p0507a12║慰司、按察司搜索之。
H01n0001_p0507a13║    (《元史》卷十《世祖本紀》(七)211)
H01n0001_p0507a14║
H01n0001_p0507a15║   日本僧
H01n0001_p0507a16║  (至元十六年八月)戊子,範文虎言:「臣奉詔征討日本,比遣周福、欒
H01n0001_p0507a17║忠與日本僧繼詔往諭其國,期以來年四月還報,待其從否,始宜進兵。」又
H01n0001_p0507a18║請簡閱舊戰船以充用。皆從之……(甲辰)置大護國仁王寺總管府,以散
H01n0001_p0507a19║扎兒為達魯花赤,李光祖為總管。
H01n0001_p0507a20║    (《元史》卷十《世祖本紀》(七)215)
H01n0001_p0507a21║
H01n0001_p0507a22║   置五臺山建寺伐木
H01n0001_p0507a23║  (至元二十年三月)御史台臣言:「平灤造船,五臺山造寺伐木,及南
H01n0001_p0507a24║城建新寺,凡役四萬人,乞罷之。」詔:「伐木建寺即罷之,造船一事,其與
H01n0001_p0507a25║省臣議。」
H01n0001_p0507a26║    (《元史》卷十二《世祖本紀》(九)252)
H01n0001_p0507a27║
H01n0001_p0507a28║   江南營田提舉司掌僧寺貲產
H01n0001_p0507a29║  (至元二十七年戊午)立江南營田提舉司,秩從五品,掌僧寺貲產。
H01n0001_p0507a30║    (《元史》卷十六《世祖本紀》(十三)335)
H01n0001_p0507a31║
H01n0001_p0508a01║   免征僧尼地租
H01n0001_p0508a02║  (至元二十八年十二月己巳)宣政院臣言:「宋全太后、瀛國公母子以
H01n0001_p0508a03║為僧、尼,有地三百六十頃,乞如例免征其租。」從之。
H01n0001_p0508a04║    (《元史》卷十六《世祖本紀》(十三)353)
H01n0001_p0508a05║
H01n0001_p0508a06║   帝師統領諸國僧尼釋教事
H01n0001_p0508a07║  (至元二十八年十二月辛卯)授吃剌思八斡節兒為帝師,統領諸國僧
H01n0001_p0508a08║尼釋教事。
H01n0001_p0508a09║    (《元史》卷十六《世祖本紀》(十三)354)
H01n0001_p0508a10║
H01n0001_p0508a11║   僧官總統以下有妻者罷之
H01n0001_p0508a12║  (至元三十年十月)戊申,僧官總統以下有妻者罷之。
H01n0001_p0508a13║    (《元史》卷十七《世祖本紀》(十四)374)
H01n0001_p0508a14║
H01n0001_p0508a15║   僧道權勢之家私匿盜販
H01n0001_p0508a16║  (至元三十一年五月戊寅)禁諸司豪奪鹽船遞運官物,僧道權勢之家
H01n0001_p0508a17║私匿盜販。    (《元史》卷十八《成宗本紀》(一)384)
H01n0001_p0508a18║
H01n0001_p0508a19║   罷宣政院所刻河西《藏經》板
H01n0001_p0508a20║  (至元三十一年十一月丁巳)罷宣政院所刻河西《藏經》板。
H01n0001_p0508a21║    (《元史》卷十八《成宗本紀》(一)389)
H01n0001_p0508a22║
H01n0001_p0508a23║   詔僧人犯奸盜詐偽,聽有司專決
H01n0001_p0508a24║  (大德二年三月)戊子,詔僧人犯奸盜詐偽,聽有司專決,輕者與僧官
H01n0001_p0508a25║約斷,約不至者罪之。
H01n0001_p0508a26║    (《元史》卷十九《成宗本紀》(二)418)
H01n0001_p0508a27║
H01n0001_p0508a28║   罷江南諸路釋教總統所
H01n0001_p0508a29║  (大德三年五月壬午)五月壬午,罷江南諸路釋教總統所。
H01n0001_p0508a30║    (《元史》卷二十《成宗本紀》(三)427)
H01n0001_p0508a31║
H01n0001_p0509a01║   賜昭應宮、興教寺地各百頃
H01n0001_p0509a02║  (大德五年二月)戊戌,賜昭應宮、興教寺地各百頃,興教仍賜鈔萬五
H01n0001_p0509a03║千錠;上都乾元寺地九十頃,鈔皆如興教之數;萬安寺地六百頃,鈔萬錠;
H01n0001_p0509a04║南寺地百二十頃,鈔如萬安之數。
H01n0001_p0509a05║    (《元史》卷二十《成宗本紀》(三)434)
H01n0001_p0509a06║
H01n0001_p0509a07║   詔僧官、僧人犯罪御史台與內外宣政院同鞫
H01n0001_p0509a08║  (大德六年正月庚戌)詔自今僧官、僧人犯罪,御史台與內外宣政院
H01n0001_p0509a09║同鞫。宣政院官徇情不公者,聽御史台治之。
H01n0001_p0509a10║    (《元史》卷二十《成宗本紀》(三)439)
H01n0001_p0509a11║
H01n0001_p0509a12║   罷護國仁王寺元設江南營田
H01n0001_p0509a13║  (大德七年)八月己丑,罷護國仁王寺元設江南營田提舉司。
H01n0001_p0509a14║    (《元史》卷二十一《成宗本紀》(四)454)
H01n0001_p0509a15║
H01n0001_p0509a16║   罷僧官有妻者
H01n0001_p0509a17║  (大德七年九月)丙子,罷僧官有妻者。
H01n0001_p0509a18║    (《元史》卷二十一《成宗本紀》(四)455)
H01n0001_p0509a19║
H01n0001_p0509a20║   僧錄占官田
H01n0001_p0509a21║  (大德九年十月辛丑)常州僧錄林起祐以官田二百八十頃冒為己業
H01n0001_p0509a22║施河西寺,敕募民耕種,輸其租於官。
H01n0001_p0509a23║    (《元史》卷二十一《成宗本紀》(四)466)
H01n0001_p0509a24║
H01n0001_p0509a25║   中書省請:內外犯法之人,悉歸有司依法裁決
H01n0001_p0509a26║  (大德十一年十二月)中書省臣言:「……刑法者譬之權衡,不可偏
H01n0001_p0509a27║重,世祖已有定制,自元貞以來,以作佛事之故,放釋有罪,失於太寬,故有
H01n0001_p0509a28║司無所遵守。今請凡內外犯法之人,悉歸有司依法裁決。……」
H01n0001_p0509a29║    (《元史》卷二十二《武宗本紀》(一)492)
H01n0001_p0509a30║
H01n0001_p0510a01║   禁西番僧從駕上都,禁白蓮社
H01n0001_p0510a02║  (至大元年五月)丙子,以諸王及西番僧從駕上都,途中擾民,禁之。
H01n0001_p0510a03║禁白蓮社,毀其祠宇,以其人還隸民籍。御史台臣言:「比奉旨罷不急之
H01n0001_p0510a04║役,今復為各官營私宅。臣等以為俟旺兀察都行宮及大都、五臺寺畢工,
H01n0001_p0510a05║然後從事為宜。」有旨:「除[仁-二+瓜]頭、三寶奴所居,餘悉罷之。」
H01n0001_p0510a06║    (《元史》卷二十二《武宗本紀》(一)498)
H01n0001_p0510a07║
H01n0001_p0510a08║   以釋教都總管兼領囊八地產錢物
H01n0001_p0510a09║  (至大元年十月)甲辰,從帝師請,以釋教都總管朵兒只八兼領囊八
H01n0001_p0510a10║地產錢物,為都總管府達魯花赤總其財賦。以西番僧教瓦班為翰林承旨。
H01n0001_p0510a11║    (《元史》卷二十二《武宗本紀》(一)503)
H01n0001_p0510a12║
H01n0001_p0510a13║   改護國仁王寺昭應規運總管府為會福院
H01n0001_p0510a14║  (至大元年十月)乙巳,改護國仁王寺昭應規運總管府為會福院,秩
H01n0001_p0510a15║從二品。
H01n0001_p0510a16║    (《元史》卷二十二《武宗本紀》(一)504)
H01n0001_p0510a17║
H01n0001_p0510a18║   僧人訴訟,悉歸有司
H01n0001_p0510a19║  (至大四年二月)丁卯,命西番僧非奉璽書驛券及無西蕃宣慰司文牒
H01n0001_p0510a20║者,勿輒至京師,仍戒黃河津吏驗問禁止。罷總統所及各處僧錄、僧正、都
H01n0001_p0510a21║綱司,凡僧人訴訟,悉歸有司。
H01n0001_p0510a22║    (《元史》卷二十四《仁宗本紀》(一)539)
H01n0001_p0510a23║
H01n0001_p0510a24║   禁諸僧寺毋得冒侵民田
H01n0001_p0510a25║  (至大四年十月)丁丑,禁諸僧寺毋得冒侵民田。
H01n0001_p0510a26║    (《元史》卷二十四《仁宗本紀》(一)547)
H01n0001_p0510a27║
H01n0001_p0510a28║   西僧累釋重囚,寺觀每歲征租
H01n0001_p0510a29║  (皇慶二年四月)乙酉,御史台臣言:「富人夤緣特旨,濫受官爵。徽
H01n0001_p0510a30║政、宣徽用人,率多罪廢之流。近侍托為貧乏,互奏恩賞。西僧以作佛事
H01n0001_p0511a01║之故,累釋重囚。外任之官,身犯刑憲,輒營求內旨以免罪。諸王、駙馬、
H01n0001_p0511a02║寺觀、臣僚土田每歲征租,亦極為擾民。請悉革其弊。」制曰「可」。……
H01n0001_p0511a03║(皇慶二年六月)乙亥,詔諭僧俗辨訟,有司及主僧同問,續置土田,如例
H01n0001_p0511a04║輸稅。
H01n0001_p0511a05║    (《元史》卷二十四《仁宗本紀》(一)556)
H01n0001_p0511a06║
H01n0001_p0511a07║   僧人作佛事,擇釋獄囚,命中書審察
H01n0001_p0511a08║  (延佑元年三月)乙巳,以僧人作佛事,擇釋獄囚,命中書審察。
H01n0001_p0511a09║    (《元史》卷二十五《仁宗本紀》(二)564)
H01n0001_p0511a10║
H01n0001_p0511a11║   賜開元寺田
H01n0001_p0511a12║  (延佑三年正月)壬戌,賜上都開元寺江浙田二百頃,華嚴寺百頃。
H01n0001_p0511a13║    (《元史》卷二十五《仁宗本紀》(二)572)
H01n0001_p0511a14║
H01n0001_p0511a15║   敕五臺靈鷲寺置鐵冶提舉司
H01n0001_p0511a16║  (延佑三年十月)庚寅,敕五臺靈鷲寺置鐵冶提舉司……十一月壬
H01n0001_p0511a17║寅,……大萬寧寺住持僧米普雲濟以所佩國公印移文有司,紊亂官政,敕
H01n0001_p0511a18║禁止之。
H01n0001_p0511a19║    (《元史》卷二十五《仁宗本紀》(二)575)
H01n0001_p0511a20║
H01n0001_p0511a21║   給帝師寺廩食鈔萬錠
H01n0001_p0511a22║  (延佑四年正月)己未,給帝師寺廩食鈔萬錠。
H01n0001_p0511a23║    (《元史》卷二十六《仁宗本紀》(三)577)
H01n0001_p0511a24║
H01n0001_p0511a25║   建帝師巴思八殿於大興教寺
H01n0001_p0511a26║  (延佑五年十月)壬辰,建帝師巴思八殿於大興教寺,給鈔萬錠。
H01n0001_p0511a27║    (《元史》卷二十六《仁宗本紀》(三)586)
H01n0001_p0511a28║
H01n0001_p0512a01║   嚴鞫白雲宗總攝沈明仁
H01n0001_p0512a02║  (延佑六年九月)癸巳,以作佛事,釋大辟囚七人,流以下囚六
H01n0001_p0512a03║人。……(十月乙卯)中書省臣言:「白雲宗總攝沈明仁,強奪民田二萬
H01n0001_p0512a04║頃,誑誘愚俗十萬人,私賂近侍,妄受名爵,已奉旨追奪,請汰其徒,還所奪
H01n0001_p0512a05║民田。其諸不法事,宜令核問。」有旨:「朕知沈明仁奸惡,其嚴鞫之。」
H01n0001_p0512a06║    (《元史》卷二十六《仁宗本紀》(三)591)
H01n0001_p0512a07║
H01n0001_p0512a08║   治沈明仁罪
H01n0001_p0512a09║  (延佑七年正月)辛卯,江浙行省丞相黑驢言:「白雲僧沈明仁,擅度
H01n0001_p0512a10║僧四千八百餘人,獲鈔四萬餘錠,既已辭伏,今遣其徒沈崇勝潛赴京師行
H01n0001_p0512a11║賄求援,請逮赴江浙並治其罪。」從之。
H01n0001_p0512a12║    (《元史》卷二十六《仁宗本紀》(三)593)
H01n0001_p0512a13║
H01n0001_p0512a14║   罷造永福寺
H01n0001_p0512a15║  (延佑七年)二月壬(午)〔子〕,罷造永福寺。賑大同、豐州諸驛饑。
H01n0001_p0512a16║以江浙行省左丞相黑驢為中書平章政事。丁巳,修佛事。戊午,祭社稷。
H01n0001_p0512a17║建御容殿於永福寺……(延佑七年)己巳,修鎮雷佛事於京城四門。罷上
H01n0001_p0512a18║都乾元寺規運總管府。
H01n0001_p0512a19║    (《元史》卷二十七《英宗本紀》(一)598)
H01n0001_p0512a20║
H01n0001_p0512a21║   御史劉恆請興義倉及奪僧、道官
H01n0001_p0512a22║  (延佑七年五月)壬寅,監察御史請罷僧、道、工、伶濫爵及建寺、豢獸
H01n0001_p0512a23║之費……丙午,御史劉恆請興義倉及奪僧、道官。
H01n0001_p0512a24║    (《元史》卷二十七《英宗本紀》(一)602)
H01n0001_p0512a25║
H01n0001_p0512a26║   稅江漸僧寺田
H01n0001_p0512a27║  (至治二年三月)庚辰,敕:「江浙僧寺田,除宋故有永業及世祖所賜
H01n0001_p0512a28║者,餘悉稅之。」
H01n0001_p0512a29║    (《元史》卷二十八《英宗本紀》(二)621)
H01n0001_p0512a30║
H01n0001_p0513a01║   括江南僧有妻者為民
H01n0001_p0513a02║  (至治二年十一月甲午)括江南僧有妻者為民。
H01n0001_p0513a03║    (《元史》卷二十八《英宗本紀》(二)625)
H01n0001_p0513a04║
H01n0001_p0513a05║   禁僧、道度牒
H01n0001_p0513a06║  (至治三年二月)丁亥,敕金書《藏經》二部,命拜住等總之。……(三
H01n0001_p0513a07║月)辛亥,以圓明、王道明之亂,禁僧、道度牒、符錄。
H01n0001_p0513a08║    (《元史》卷二十八《英宗本紀》(二)629)
H01n0001_p0513a09║
H01n0001_p0513a10║   稅僧、道邸舍積貨
H01n0001_p0513a11║  (泰定元年四月丙寅)稅僧、道邸舍積貨。
H01n0001_p0513a12║    (《元史》卷二十九《泰定帝本紀》(一)646)
H01n0001_p0513a13║
H01n0001_p0513a14║   江南民貧僧富
H01n0001_p0513a15║  (泰定二年正月乙未)中書省臣言:「江南民貧僧富,諸寺觀田土,非
H01n0001_p0513a16║宋舊置並累朝所賜者,請仍舊制與民均役。」從之。以籍八思吉思地賜故
H01n0001_p0513a17║監察御史觀音寶、鎖咬兒哈的迷失妻子,各十頃。戊戌,造像輦……甲辰
H01n0001_p0513a18║奉安顯宗像於永福寺,給祭田百頃。
H01n0001_p0513a19║    (《元史》卷二十九《泰定帝本紀》(一)653)
H01n0001_p0513a20║
H01n0001_p0513a21║   天下僧道有妻者,皆令為民
H01n0001_p0513a22║  (致和十月戊午)敕:「天下僧道有妻者,皆令為民。」
H01n0001_p0513a23║    (《元史》卷三十二《文宗本紀》(一)718)
H01n0001_p0513a24║
H01n0001_p0513a25║   立大承天護聖寺營繕提點所
H01n0001_p0513a26║  (天歷二年十月)己丑,立大承天護聖寺營繕提點所,秩正五品。
H01n0001_p0513a27║    (《元史》卷三十三《文宗本紀》(二)742)
H01n0001_p0513a28║
H01n0001_p0514a01║   諸王、寺觀撥賜田租
H01n0001_p0514a02║  (天歷二年十月辛丑)諸王、公主、官府、寺觀撥賜田租,除魯國大長
H01n0001_p0514a03║公主聽遣人徵收外,其餘悉輸於官,給鈔酬其直。
H01n0001_p0514a04║    (《元史》卷三十三《文宗本紀》(二)743)
H01n0001_p0514a05║
H01n0001_p0514a06║   僧還俗者,聽復為僧
H01n0001_p0514a07║  (天歷二年十二月乙未)詔:「諸僧寺田,自金、宋所有及累朝賜予者,
H01n0001_p0514a08║悉除其租。其有當輸租者,仍免其役。僧還俗者,聽復為僧。」……己亥,
H01n0001_p0514a09║遣使驛致故帝師舍利還其國,給以金五百兩、銀二千五百兩、鈔千五百錠、
H01n0001_p0514a10║幣五千匹。加謚漢長沙王吳芮為長沙文惠王。壬寅,命江浙行省印佛經
H01n0001_p0514a11║二十七藏。……甲辰,以明年正月武宗忌辰,命高麗、漢僧三百四十人,預
H01n0001_p0514a12║誦佛經二藏於大崇恩福元寺。丁未……中書省臣言:「在京酒坊五十四
H01n0001_p0514a13║所,歲輸課十餘萬錠。比者間以賜諸王、公主及諸官寺。諸王、公主自有
H01n0001_p0514a14║封邑、歲賜,官寺亦各有常產,其酒課悉令仍舊輸官為宜。」從之。
H01n0001_p0514a15║    (《元史》卷三十三《文宗本紀》(二)746)
H01n0001_p0514a16║
H01n0001_p0514a17║   歲例給糧大萬安寺等十二寺
H01n0001_p0514a18║  (至順二年五月)丙戌,太禧宗禋院臣言:「累朝所建大萬安等十二
H01n0001_p0514a19║寺,舊額僧三千一百五十人,歲例給糧,今其徒猥多,請汰去九百四十三
H01n0001_p0514a20║人。」制可。    (《元史》卷三十五《文宗本紀》(四)784)
H01n0001_p0514a21║
H01n0001_p0514a22║   諸寺作佛事每歲十六為定式
H01n0001_p0514a23║  (至順二年五月甲辰)宣政院臣言:「舊制,列聖神御殿及諸寺所作佛
H01n0001_p0514a24║事,每歲計二百十六,今汰其十六為定式。」制可。
H01n0001_p0514a25║    (《元史》卷三十五《文宗本紀》(四)786)
H01n0001_p0514a26║
H01n0001_p0514a27║   免萬安寺壇主職
H01n0001_p0514a28║  (至順二年九月庚辰)御史台臣言:「大聖壽萬安寺壇主司徒嚴吉祥,
H01n0001_p0514a29║盜公物,畜妻孥,宜免其司徒、壇主之職。」從之。
H01n0001_p0514a30║    (《元史》卷三十五《文宗本紀》(四)791)
H01n0001_p0514a31║
H01n0001_p0515a01║   敕僧道與民一體充役
H01n0001_p0515a02║  (元統二年正月)癸卯,敕僧道與民一體充役。
H01n0001_p0515a03║    (《元史》卷三十八《順帝本紀》(一)820)
H01n0001_p0515a04║
H01n0001_p0515a05║   佛事佈施,費用太廣
H01n0001_p0515a06║  (元統二年四月)乙酉,中書省臣言:「佛事佈施,費用太廣,以世祖時
H01n0001_p0515a07║較之,歲增金三十八錠、銀二百三錠四十兩、繒帛六萬一千六百餘匹、鈔二
H01n0001_p0515a08║萬九千二百五十餘錠。請除累朝期年忌日之外,餘皆罷。」從之。
H01n0001_p0515a09║    (《元史》卷三十八《順帝本紀》(一)821)
H01n0001_p0515a10║
H01n0001_p0515a11║   禁私創寺觀庵院
H01n0001_p0515a12║  (元統二年十二月)是歲,禁私創寺觀庵院。僧道人錢五十貫,給度
H01n0001_p0515a13║牒,方聽出家。    (《元史》卷三十八《順帝本紀》(一)825)
H01n0001_p0515a14║
H01n0001_p0515a15║   有妻室之僧,令還俗為民
H01n0001_p0515a16║  (至元元年閏十二月)凡有妻室之僧,令還俗為民,既而復聽為僧。
H01n0001_p0515a17║    (《元史》卷三十八《順帝本紀》(一)831)
H01n0001_p0515a18║
H01n0001_p0515a19║   禁濫予僧人名爵
H01n0001_p0515a20║  (至元)五年春正月癸亥,禁濫予僧人名爵。
H01n0001_p0515a21║    (《元史》卷四《順帝本紀》(三)851)
H01n0001_p0515a22║
H01n0001_p0515a23║   罷南方白雲宗
H01n0001_p0515a24║  (尚文)又奏斥罷南方白雲宗,與民均事賦役。
H01n0001_p0515a25║    (《元史》卷一百七十《尚文傳》3988)
H01n0001_p0515a26║
H01n0001_p0515a27║   嚴治僧道齋醮
H01n0001_p0515a28║  是月(洪武五年四月),詔曰:「天下大定,禮儀風俗不可不正。……
H01n0001_p0515a29║僧道齋醮雜男女,恣飲食,有司嚴治之。……」。
H01n0001_p0515a30║    (《明史》卷二《太祖本紀》(二)27)
H01n0001_p0515a31║
H01n0001_p0516a01║   僧道齋醮,百官不得行香
H01n0001_p0516a02║  孝肅周太后,英宗妃,憲宗生母也,昌平人。天順元年封貴妃。憲宗
H01n0001_p0516a03║即位,尊為皇太后。其年十月,太后誕日,帝令僧道建齋祭。禮部尚書姚
H01n0001_p0516a04║夔帥群臣詣齋所,為太后祈福。給事中張寧等劾之。帝是其言,令自后僧
H01n0001_p0516a05║道齋醮,百官不得行香。二十三年四月上征號曰聖慈仁壽皇太后。孝宗
H01n0001_p0516a06║立,尊為太皇太后。
H01n0001_p0516a07║    (《明史》卷一百十三《后妃傳》(一)3518)
H01n0001_p0516a08║
H01n0001_p0516a09║   士子作文每竊釋氏教,詔戒厲之
H01n0001_p0516a10║  時士大夫多崇釋氏教,士子作文每竊其緒言,鄙棄傳注。前尚書餘繼
H01n0001_p0516a11║登奏請約禁,然習尚如故。(馮)琦乃復極陳其弊,帝為下詔戒歷。
H01n0001_p0516a12║    (《明史》卷二百十六《馮琦傳》5705)
  數位典藏國家型科技計畫----「台北版電子佛典集成之研究與建構」
Tel:(02)2498-0707#2254
E-mail:sraddhabala@gmail.com
Address:20842 台北縣金山鄉西勢湖2-6號 法鼓佛教學院